Intended for healthcare professionals

Research Article

The MD and MS degrees in Britain.

British Medical Journal 1988; 297 doi: (Published 09 July 1988) Cite this as: British Medical Journal 1988;297:115
  1. I. C. McManus
  1. Department of Psychiatry, St Mary's Hospital Medical School, London.


    Higher medical degrees--MD and MS--have been awarded at an increased rate since 1980, owing partly to increased numbers of medical graduates and partly to greater career competition. The pass rate has not changed since 1965. Regulations at various universities show substantial differences, particularly in the use of viva voce examinations for failed candidates, in permissible subject matter, and in allowing the submission of previously published papers. As these degrees are important for careers, and are registrable by the General Medical Council, it is suggested that it should issue minimal standards to be observed by all universities.