Intended for healthcare professionals

Research Article

Heart and lung transplantation in patients with end stage lung disease.

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1987; 295 doi: (Published 01 August 1987) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1987;295:311
  1. A Penketh,
  2. T Higenbottam,
  3. M Hakim,
  4. J Wallwork
  1. Regional Department of Respiratory Physiology, Papworth Hospital, Cambridge.


    Combined heart and lung transplantation was used to treat seven patients with end stage lung disease. All were severely disabled, and their disease carried a poor prognosis. Six patients were well four to 33 months after transplantation. One patient died after 44 days from a primary cytomegalovirus pneumonia transmitted from the donor. All the survivors had normal exercise tolerance and greatly improved lung function. It is concluded that heart and lung transplantation is a suitable treatment for selected patients with end stage chronic lung disease.