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Research Article

Exaggerated responsiveness to thyrotrophin releasing hormone: a risk factor in women with coronary artery disease.

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1985; 290 doi: (Published 25 May 1985) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1985;290:1555
  1. J W Dean,
  2. P B Fowler


    Thyroid function tests were performed and thyroid antibodies and serum cholesterol concentrations measured in 12 women aged 60 years or under with severe coronary artery disease proved by coronary angiography. This group was compared with 11 women with normal coronary angiography. Ten out of the 12 women with coronary artery disease had an exaggerated response of thyroid stimulating hormone to thyrotrophin releasing hormone compared with two out of 11 controls (p less than 0.008). The mean serum cholesterol concentration was significantly higher in those with coronary artery disease than in the controls. Thyroid antibodies were present in four of those with coronary artery disease and one of the controls. There was no difference in the risk factors for coronary artery disease between the two groups except for cigarette smoking. Eleven out of 12 in the coronary artery disease group smoked cigarettes compared with four out of 11 in the control group (p less than 0.01). Minimal impairment of thyroid function is an important risk factor for coronary artery disease in women.