Research Article

Acute cholecystitis and thiazides.

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1984; 289 doi: (Published 15 September 1984) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1984;289:654
  1. W Van der Linden,
  2. B Ritter,
  3. G Edlund


    Drugs purchased by a random sample (17 000) of the population of Jämtland county, Sweden, are continuously monitored. Patients who had been admitted to the county's only hospital with acute cholecystitis and who were part of this sample were studied, and controls matched for age and sex were drawn from the sample. The purchase of thiazides and other drugs prescribed to the patients with acute cholecystitis was compared with that of the controls. The estimated relative risk of developing acute cholecystitis in patients who had purchased thiazides in the year before admission to hospital, as compared with those who had not, was 2.1 (95% confidence limit 1.1-3.9). As it has been reliably reported that the use of thiazides is not itself associated with cholelithiasis, the association found between thiazides and cholecystitis suggests that thiazides may increase the risk of acute cholecystitis developing in a patient with gall stones.