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Research Article

Leucocyte cation transport in essential hypertension: its relation to the renin-angiotensin system.

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1981; 282 doi: (Published 18 April 1981) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1981;282:1267
  1. R P Edmondson,
  2. G A MacGregor


    Leucocyte cation transport measured when patients received a normal sodium intake and the response of the renin-angiotensin system to changes in sodium intake were studied in 22 patients with essential hypertension. The rate constant for total leucocyte sodium efflux measured during a normal diet was significantly correlated with the plasma renin activity measured during a low sodium diet. Impairment of leucocyte sodium transport was significantly greater in eight patients whose plasma renin activity failed to rise into the normal range during the low sodium diet as compared with the 14 other patients, whose renin system responded normally to sodium restriction. These results provide further suggestive evidence for the hypothesis that there is a circulating sodium transport inhibitor that may be important in the pathogenesis of essential hypertension.