Research Article

Relation of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration to type of diabetes and its control.

Br Med J 1978; 2 doi: (Published 28 October 1978) Cite this as: Br Med J 1978;2:1191
  1. A L Kennedy,
  2. T R Lappin,
  3. T D Lavery,
  4. D R Hadden,
  5. J A Weaver,
  6. D A Montgomery


    Serum cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentrations were measured in 192 diabetics (94 with juvenile-onset and 98 with maturity-onset diabetes) and 177 non-diabetic controls. Hb A1C, an index of blood sugar control, was also measured in the diabetics. Serum cholesterol concentrations were similar in all the diabetics and controls, but HDL cholesterol concentrations were lower in patients with maturity-onset diabetes than in those with juvenile-onset diabetes and controls. There was no correlation in diabetics between HDL cholesterol and Hb A1C. We conclude that HDL cholesterol concentrations are abnormally low in patients with maturity-onset diabetes but essentially normal in those with juvenile-onset diabetes. They are not related to diabetic control.