Intended for healthcare professionals

Research Article

Effects of naloxone on pethidine-induced neonatal depression. Part I--Intravenous naloxone.

Br Med J 1977; 2 doi: (Published 23 July 1977) Cite this as: Br Med J 1977;2:228
  1. P C Wiener,
  2. M I Hogg,
  3. M Rosen


    Infants whose mothers had had pethidine during labour were given either naloxone 40 microgram or isotonic saline administered intravenously double-blind within one minute of birth. Peak alveolar carbon dioxide tension, carbon dioxide excretion, alveolar ventilation, feeding behaviour, and habituation to a specific sound stimulus were measured regularly up to 48 hours after birth. Alveolar carbon dioxide tension was significantly lower and alveolar ventilation significantly higher half an hour after birth in the naloxone-treated group than in the saline-treated group, but these differences between the groups were not significant at any other time, and there were no significant differences in sucking frequency or pressure, milk consumption, or habituation to the auditory stimulus.