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Abnormal Glomerular Filtration Rate, Renal Plasma Flow, and Renal Protein Excretion in Recent and Short-term Diabetics

Br Med J 1972; 2 doi: (Published 01 April 1972) Cite this as: Br Med J 1972;2:13
  1. J. Ditzel,
  2. K. Junker


    Glomerular filtration rate and renal plasma flow were simultaneously determined in comparable groups of 43 diabetics less than 40 years of age and with a duration of diabetes less than 10 years and 32 control subjects. The average glomerular filtration rate in the diabetic group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P <0·01). The average renal plasma flow in the diabetic group was found to be significantly lower than that in the control group (P <0·05). The filtration fraction in both male and female diabetics was significantly higher than in the male and female control groups (P <0·001). These changes were found to be present even in recent juvenile diabetics with disease of a duration of less than one year. No correlation was apparent between the average levels of serum growth hormone and glomerular filtration rate.

    The urinary protein excretion was determined in 36 diabetic and 38 healthy subjects comparable with regard to glomerular filtration rate. In the diabetic group there was a greater frequency of cases with higher protein excretion rates (P <0·02). The average protein excretion rate was increased even in diabetics with less than one year's duration of the disease.

    The results of the changes in renal haemodynamics in subjects with recent and short-term diabetes are compatible with the presence of a constrictive state of the vas efferens leading to an increase in the filtration pressure. The increase in protein excretion rate may similarly be a consequence of this process or of an increase in the glomerular permeability with augmented molecular sieving of proteins or both.