Papers And Originals

Factors Influencing the Onset of Chronic Respiratory Disease

Br Med J 1969; 2 doi: (Published 26 April 1969) Cite this as: Br Med J 1969;2:205
  1. W. W. Holland,
  2. T. Hall,
  3. A. E. Bennett,
  4. A. Elliott


    To investigate the effect of different environmental and personal factors on ventilatory function 10,971 children resident and going to school in four areas of Kent were examined. Details of past respiratory illnesses were obtained by a questionary completed by the parents; the examination included measurement of height, weight, and peak expiratory flow.

    Area of residence, social class, family size, and a past history of pneumonia, bronchitis, or asthma were found to be associated with differing levels of peak expiratory flow. These four factors acted independently, and the effects were additive. It is suggested that environment in the early years of life can produce adverse changes which may exist throughout life and contribute to the development of chronic respiratory disease.