Intended for healthcare professionals

Research Article

Kielland's forceps: role of antenatal factors in prediction of use.

Br Med J 1979; 1 doi: (Published 06 January 1979) Cite this as: Br Med J 1979;1:10
  1. D K James,
  2. M L Chiswick


    The association between certain antenatal factors and the use of Kielland's forceps was analysed retrospectively in liveborn singleton births that occurred at this hospital between January and December 1976. Factors significantly associated with the use of Kielland's forceps were primiparity, short maternal stature, induction of labour, late engagement of the fetal head, low ratio of maternal height to fetal occipitofrontal head circumference, slow dilatation of the cervix in labour, and the use of epidural analgesia in labour. The findings support a contribution of cephalopelvic disproportion in the genesis of malposition, and when associated with slow dilatation of the cervix delivery should be expedited. Long-term follow-up studies are needed, however, before the role of caesarean section in reducing morbidity associated with malposition can be properly assessed.