Research Article

Single extra-amniotic injection of prostaglandin E2 in viscous gel to induce mid-trimester abortion.

Br Med J 1975; 1 doi: (Published 01 February 1975) Cite this as: Br Med J 1975;1:240
  1. I Z Mackenzie,
  2. K Hillier,
  3. M P Embrey


    In a preliminary study a single extra-amniotic injection of 1.5 mg of prostaglandin E-2 incorporated into an aqueous viscous gel was given to 24 patients aborted within 24 hours, and the mean induction-abortion interval (plus or minus S.E. of mean) was 13.5 plus or minus 1.5 hours. Vomiting occurred in seven patients, and transient severe uterine cramps, pallor, nausea, and shivering occurred in one patient immediately after injection. Complete abortion occurred in 20patients. A delay in the time taken to abort seemed to be associated with an immediate and rapid rise in uterine tone after the injection which required prompt analgesia; this probably reflected rapid decidual absorption and dissolution of the prostaglandins away from their site of action. The degree of distention of the catheter-retaining balloon did not influence abortion times.