Lead Intoxication in Children in BirminghamBr Med J 1973; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.5850.402 (Published 17 February 1973) Cite this as: Br Med J 1973;1:402
- P. R. Betts,
- R. Astley,
- D. N. Raine
Of 38 children investigated between 1966 and 1971 who had a blood lead concentration greater than 37 μg/100 ml eight had encephalopathy and one died; all these eight had a blood lead concentration of 99 μg/100 ml or above. Blood lead levels are related to haemoglobin concentrations and anaemia is common in children with blood lead concentrations of 37-60 μg/100 ml, levels previously accepted as harmless.
Children with blood lead concentrations greater than 60 μg/100 ml show radiological evidence of lead intoxication, and treatment for this should be considered when blood lead concentration exceeds 37 μg/100 ml. Children presenting with unexplained encephalopathy should be radiographed for evidence of lead intoxication.