Infographic: Recommended tests before elective surgery
Recommended tests before elective surgery

New NICE guidelines suggest that preoperative tests are not always required, especially for minor surgery in people with no systemic disease. This graphic summarises which tests are recommended, by patient's physical status and surgery complexity.

Recent infographics

Infographic: The South votes out, too

In his editorial, Danny Dorling argues that austerity, not immigration, was the driving force behind the vote to leave the European Union. This map illustrates one of his points, that while the working class north has been blamed for Brexit, the South actually contributed more votes, since it has a larger population.

Infographic: Detecting cirrhosis

Clinical identification of cirrhosis remains imperfect, and the condition is often asymptomatic. This infographic summarises NICE guidance on diagnosis of cirrhosis, referral to specialist care, and management of people with cirrhosis, including surveillance for and treatment of complications.

Infographic: Treating sepsis: the latest evidence

An overview of the latest evidence for sepsis treatments, including approprite fluids, vasopressors, feeding and ventilation techniques.

Infographic: Going through changes

Visualising a young person's transition from child to adult care services, following new NICE guidance.

Infographic: Managing type 2 diabetes in adults

A visual summary of the NICE guidelines on the use of single, dual or triple therapy with blood glucose lowering drugs, and when to consider an insulin programme.

[infographic] Health and climate: Co-benefits

Some public health interventions can have benefits for both health and helping to reduce levels of climate change. This infographic, designed in collaboration with the new UK Health Alliance on Climate Change, shows some examples of such symbiotic relationships.

Infographic: Assessing and referring complications following bariatric surgery

A number of complications are relatively common for people with bariatric surgery. This graphic explains which should be treated as emergencies, what the possible causes might be for different symptoms, and where to refer patients that need could need further surgery or specialist opinion.

Infographic: Zika: A clinical guide

A quick overview of key Zika virus facts, including countries affected and advice on prevention, diagnosis and management of patients returning from outbreak areas.

Infographic: Wasting away: Why cancer drug vial sizes cost billions

This infographic explores the waste created when expensive infused drugs are packaged containing quantities larger than the amount needed. This is especially problematic when variable recommended doses are recommended, based on patient weight or body size.

Infographic: Controlling diabetes in children and young people

This infographic gives general principles for managing both type 1 and type 2 diabetes in children and young people. It includes glycaemic control and HbA1c targets, as well as monitoring of complications and associated conditions.

Infographic: Cancer screening: Do the harms outweigh the benefits?

This graphic presents data that suggests cancer screening may not affect overall mortality, despite reducing deaths from specific cancers.

Infographic: Portion size matters

Portion sizes of pre-packaged meals have increased over the last 20 years. This infographic explains how this could affect energy intake, and how policies could be developed in response.

Infographic: Climate change health impacts

This graphic summarises the main ways in which climate change will affect human health for the rest of the 21st Century globally. It summarises information from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

infographic screenshot

The NICE guidance on diagnosis and management of preterm events is presented in this flow infographic. The diagram includes information on preterm labour and preterm, prelabour rupture of membranes (P-PROM).

Infographic: Calling the shots

This interactive infographic presents childhood vaccination schedules across the G8 nations. By selecting and deselecting individual vaccines, you can visually explore similarities and differences in official recommendations.

Infographic: Potential conflicts

This interactive graphic shows all the potential conflicts of interest highlighted by The BMJ and The Times's joint investigation into CCG commissioning.

Infographic: Vaper Trails

This infographic shows the evidence that informed Public Health England’s claim that “e-cigarettes are around 95% safer than smoked tobacco.” It also reveals the links between these papers’ authors and different medical and commercial organisations.

Infographic: Acute coronary syndrome:

This flow diagram shows how ECG results, clinical assessment, and biomarkers can distinguish between types of Acute Coronary Syndrome. The assessment and management of the two main types (ST elevation and non-ST elevation myocardial infarction) are also given.

syria infographic screenshot

Since March 2011, over 75,000 civilians have been killed in the Syrian Arab Republic in relation to the armed conflict in the area. 25% of Syrian civilians killed were women and children, who are disproportionally affected by indirect weapon systems such as air strikes and shelling. This graphic charts the deaths from different causes.

Infographic: Treating osteoporosis with bisphophonates

Bisphosphonates can reduce the risk of fracture for patients with osteoporosis, increasing bone strength and reducing fracture risk. This graphic aims to provide an overview of patient assessment and the appropriate treatment pathways and decisions to be made at each stage.

managing febrile seizures

This graphic shows how to recognise febrile seizures, and to distinguish them from seizures caused by CNS infections. It also shows information that can be given to advise parents on the risk of future seizures, and how they can manage these at home.

Infographic: Managing sharps injuries

Sharps injuries, from objects such as needles, scalpels, bone fragments, or teeth, pose a risk of transmission of blood borne viruses. This infographic explains how to manage such injuries, from first aid through to assessing the risks posed by a specific incident and source patient.

Infographic: Assessing and referring childhood cancers

A visual summary of the revised NICE guidelines on childhood cancer. Arranged by presenting symptom, this graphic covers assessment, investigative testing and referral.

ibs infographic

Irritable bowel syndrome is a challenging condition to define and treat, with great variability in terms of symptoms and a wide range of proposed treatments. This graphic summarizes the currently available treatments for irritable bowel syndrome, and gives an indication of the level of evidence available at time of publication.

eu migrant health infographic

UK politicians often talk of “health tourism”—undocumented migrants arriving in the UK to take advantage of our healthcare system. But are we really so different to our neighbours in Europe? Find out in this interactive map.

Infographic: 20 years online

The BMJ’s website is 20 years old this month. This infographic timeline charts the developments of the last two decades, with new layouts, new content streams and new technologies adopted along the way.

Infographic: Perks of the job

MPs have repeatedly accepted hospitality from the tobacco industry, to a total value of more than £60,000 over the last 5 years. This infographic shows which MPs accepted trips to the Chelsea Flower show, the Oval Test Match, Wimbledon and Glyndebourne since 2010, and whether they voted for or against plain packaging for cigarettes.

Infographic: Manifesto positions

Our interactive manifesto tool shows the parties' positions on health. Where do they stand on NHS funding? On improving GP access? On public health, social care and privitisation? Where do the parties overlap, and where do they stand diametrically opposed?

[infographic] Tobacco: Not a slain dragon

This graphic accompanies Jonathan Gornall's investigation into the tobacco industry. It shows the staggering volume of cigarettes consumed worldwide, and the scale of the associated health consequences.

Interactive: Face masks

Facemasks are recommended for diseases transmitted through droplets and respirators for respiratory aerosols, yet recommendations and terminology vary between guidelines. This graphic summarises the recommendations from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for five diseases.

cdc cold deaths

In the US, deaths from exposure to cold temperatures are noticeably higher in the west. This interactive graphic uses data from the CDC to show which regions and states have the highest rates, and reveals a stable pattern over the last 12 years.

Overdiagnosis Infographic: Screening for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

This graphic shows the outcomes for a cohort of men diagnosed with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms of different sizes, indicating that those with smaller aneurysms may be more frequently overdiagnosed.

Infographic: Sugar's web of influence

This interactive graphic shows the full details of connections between the sugar industry and UK government advisory bodies on nutrition.

Infographic: Codesign of health services

This animated graphic shows a model of codesign, in which patients, carers and staff are brought together to share ideas and improve services.

Infographic: The growth of US obesity

This interactive graphic explores the association between the prevalence of obesity and diabetes according to US state.

Infographic: Preterm birth and the role of neuroprotection

Use our interactive graphic to explore the neurodevelopmental consequences of prematurity and the different neuroprotective agents used.

Infographic: Theoretical Distribution of intravenous fluids on infusion

A visual representation of the theoretical distribution of intravenous fluids on infusion.

Prescribing opioids for low back pain: infographic

This infographic offers practical advice on prescribing opioids for low back pain. Caution is advised, since the analgesic efficacy of opioids for acute back pain is inferred from evidence in other acute pain conditions.

Symptomatic treatment of Parkinson's disease (infographic)

This interactive graphic gives an overview of some key treatments, used in the initial stages of Parkinson’s disease to address the common motor symptoms and depression.

Sources of USA malaria infections (infographic)

This interactive graphic shows the sources of malaria infections diagnosed in the USA. Data comes from the Center for Disease Control in Atlanta, USA.

CCG commissioning infographic thumbnail

This infographic shows data from the BMJ's investigation into NHS commissioning by Gareth Iacobucci.

Ebola: A clinical guide. Information graphic thumbnail.

This information graphic gives a quick guide to ebola disease symptoms, management and infection control.

This interactive graphic displays study design strategies that can be used to address some challenges faced in rare disease research.

Renal Cell Carcinoma interactive screenshot

This interactive tool shows how the incidence of kidney cancer compares with other cancers, and how this varies by population.

Thumbnail image of Obamacare interactive graphic

This interactive graphic shows the relationship between the political affiliation of states and their adoption of two key 'Obamacare' measures.

This interactive graphic explains the medical and social impacts of teenage pregnancy on mothers and their children.

Thumbnail of hypothyroidism interactive graphic

This interactive graphic shows the reference ranges for thyrotropin levels in different parts of the world. It also shows the thyrotropin levels that have been used to define subclinical hypothyroidism in the the different studies in The BMJ's State of the Art review on diagnosis and management of subclinical hypothyroidism in pregnancy.

Thumbnail of bariatric surgery family tree interactive graphic

An interactive graphic which explains the development of bariatric surgery techniques.

Thumbnail of LUTS interactive graphic

This infographic shows the range of treatments that are commonly used for Lower urinary tract symptoms in men. Use the siders at top to explore how different symptom severity scores can give an overall symptom severity score, and how this could be linked to different treatments. It is important to consider also how these symptoms affect quality of life before deciding on a treatment strategy.