Table 4

 Risk factors for cardiovascular disease

Baseline12 month follow-up
Control (n=237)Intervention (n=221)Control (n=192)Intervention (n=179)P*
Total cholesterol (mg/dL; 1 mg/dL=0.026 mmol/L)282.0 (274.8 to 289.1)281.3 (272.9 to 289.7)266.5 (259.1 to 273.8)243.9 (237.4 to 250.4)<0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dL; 1 mg/dL=0.011 mmol/L)185.9 (168.8 to 202.9)189.0 (162.6 to 215.4)151.8 (133.9 to 169.7)135.5 (126.0 to 145.1)0.06
Body mass index25.4 (25.1 to 25.8)25.1 (24.8 to 25.3)24.5 (24.1 to 24.9)24.3 (24.0 to 24.6)0.26
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)136.9 (134.2 to 139.6)136.6 (133.9 to 139.3)136.5 (133.4 to 139.5)136.4 (133.8 to 139.0)0.49
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)88.5 (86.9 to 90.0)88.5 (86.9 to 90.2)87.9 (86.0 to 89.9)87.5 (85.7 to 89.3)0.38

Data are mean (95% confidence interval) at baseline and 12 months after randomization.

*P values=between group differences, assessed by t test.