Table 3

 Overdose rescue attempts reported by bystanders trained in the overdose education and nasal naloxone distribution program in 19 Massachusetts communities*, 2006-09

Variables% (No/No in group)
All enrollees (n=327)Users† (n=286)Non-users (n=41)
Status of person who overdosed:
 Friend69 (216/313)72 (200/276)43 (16/37)
 Partner or family16 (49/313)12 (34/276)41 (15/37)
 Stranger10 (32/313)9 (26/276)16 (6/37)
 Self5 (16/313)6 (16/276)0 (0/37)
Overdose setting:
 Private78 (249/317)80 (221/277)70 (28/40)
 Public22 (68/317)20 (56/277)30 (12/40)
No of doses used:
 148 (149/312)48 (129/272)50 (20/40)
 248 (150/312)48 (130/272)50 (20/40)
 ≥34 (13/312)5 (13/272)0 (0/40)
Naloxone successful98 (150/153)98 (130/133)100 (20/20)
911 called or emergency personnel present33 (106/326)26 (75/285)76 (31/41)
Rescue breathing performed38 (123/327)37 (105/286)44 (18/41)
Stayed with victim until alert and awake or help arrived89 (287/321)90 (253/280)83 (34/41)

Denominators less than total number for each group are due to missing information.

*Geographically distinct cities and towns.

†Enrollees who self reported active substance use, currently engaged in treatment or in recovery at enrollment.