|Gatenby 199728||Randomised intervention study||31 healthy women of normal weight, aged 18-50 years||Ad libitum diet using reduced sugar foods||Usual diet||Dietary intake, change in weight||10 weeks||Data not clearly reported; intervention reduced sugar intake by about 4% of total energy v about 1% of total energy in control group|
|Mann 197230,31||Randomised controlled trial (parallel design)||51 Apparently healthy male office workers from one company, aged 36-55 years||Ad libitum diet with low sugar (sucrose)||Usual diet||Serum lipids, body weight change||22 weeks||Mean reduction of 71 g/day in the intervention group v increase of 3 g/day in controls. Difference of 11% TE|
|Paineau 200833||Randomised controlled trial||1013 children from 54 elementary schools in Paris and 1013 parents||Nutrition education to reduce fat and sugar intake and increase intake of complex carbohydrates||Nutrition education to reduce fat intake and increase intake of complex carbohydrates||Changes in anthropometry including BMI, BMI z score, and changes in dietary intakes in children and parents||8 months||Parents had reduction of 9.6 g/day v 7.3 g/day. Difference of <1% TE|
|Saris 200039||Randomised controlled trial||159 healthy, overweight, and obese (BMI 25-35) adults, aged 20-55 years||Ad libitum diet high in SCHO (that is, sugars)||Ad libitum diet high in complex carbohydrates||Weight change, fat mass, dietary intakes, lipids, fasting glucose, fasting insulin, leptin||6 months||Increase of 33 g/day SCHO versus a reduction of 44.5 g/day SCHO. Difference of 11% TE*|
|Smith 199641||Randomised controlled trial||32 middle aged and overweight men with hypertriglyceridaemia||Ad libitum, sugar free diet||Usual diet||Lipids, weight, dietary variables||6 months||Reduction of 48 g/day sucrose v no change. Difference of about 8% TE|
SCHO=simple carbohydrates; TE=total energy intake.
*About 60% of all food was supplied via a controlled study shop.