Table 2

 Sociodemographic and professional characteristics of survey respondents (n=317)

CharacteristicNo (%) of respondents
Age (years):
 ≤49 126 (40)
 50–64 159 (50)
 ≥65 31 (10)
Sex:
 Men243 (77)
 Women73 (23)
Location of scientific training:
 US or Canada149 (47)
 Western Europe132 (42)
 Elsewhere33 (11)
Years since completion of highest degree:
 ≤946 (15)
 10–24155 (49)
 ≥25116 (37)
Primary employer:
 Non-academic institution53 (17)
 Academic institution:264 (83)
  Rank of assistant professor or below*43 (16)
  Rank of associate professor*47 (18)
  Rank of full professor*174 (66)
Employment effort devoted to research (%):
 ≤49104 (33)
 50–74104 (33)
 ≥75109 (34)
Research activity in past 3 years
No of publications:
 1–1071 (22)
 11–25117 (37)
 ≥25129 (41)
No of grants or contracts:
 033 (10)
 1–3138 (44)
 ≥4146 (46)
Direct funding costs from grants or contracts ($million):
 033 (10)
 <1120 (38)
 ≥1164 (52)
External funding source of grants or contracts†:
 Government211 (74)
 Non-profit organisation148 (52)
 Private industry149 (52)

*Rank provided only for the 262 respondents with an academic institution as their primary employer.

†External funding source of grants or contracts provided only for the 284 respondents who received a grant or contract in the past 3 years (n=284). Funding sources are not exclusive (funding from more than one source could be received).