Table 3

 Differences in median age at death at 18 years of follow-up for four risk profile groups, in entire population and in strata by sex, age groups, and health status

VariablesHigh risk profile (n=30)Differences (95% CI) in median age at death (years)*
Moderately high risk profile (n=182)Moderately low risk profile (n=281)Low risk profile (n=48)
Entire populationReference2.1 (1.1 to 3.1)†3.6 (2.6 to 4.6)†5.4 (3.0 to 7.8)†
Stratified by sex:
 WomenReference2.0 (0.8 to 3.2)†3.3 (2.1 to 4.5)†5.3 (3.1 to 7.6)†
 MenReference2.4 (0.7 to 4.0)†3.6 (2.1 to 5.1)†6.3 (−1.4 to 14.0)
Stratified by age (years):
 75-84Reference2.2 (0.8 to 3.5)†3.5 (2.2 to 4.8)†6.1 (4.1 to 8.1)†
 ≥85Reference0.9 (−0.5 to 2.2)3.0 (1.4 to 4.5)†4.0 (0.8 to 7.2)†
Stratified by No of chronic conditions‡:
 0Reference1.0 (−1.0 to 3.1)1.0 (−1.1 to 3.2)3.0 (0.7 to 5.4)†
 ≥1Reference1.3 (0.2 to 2.4)†3.7 (2.6 to 4.9)†4.7 (0.9 to 8.4)†

Low risk profile=healthy lifestyle behaviours, participation in at least one leisure activity, and a rich or moderate social network; high risk profile=unhealthy lifestyle behaviours, no participation in leisure activities, and a limited or poor social network.

*Results were adjusted for education and, if applicable, for age and sex.

†P<0.05.

‡Included malignancy, respiratory tract disease, mental disorders, endocrine disease, blood disease, neurosensorial disease, musculoskeletal disease, cardiovascular disease, urological disorders, and digestive disorders.