Table 2

Mean change (95% confidence interval) in measures of stress incontinence from baseline to 6 months

Outcome measureControl (n=30)Exercise (n=25)Electrical stimulation (n=25)Cones (n=27)P value*
Episodes of leakage in 3 days0.3 (−0.5 to 1.1)−1.2 (−2.0 to −0.4)−0.7 (−1.5 to 1.1)0.8 (−1.2 to 2.8)0.01
Stress pad test (g)−12.7 (−27.2 to 1.8)−30.2 (−43.3 to −16.9)−7.4 (−20.9 to 6.1)−14.7 (−27.6 to −1.8)0.038
24 h pad test (g)−7.1 (−20.2 to 6.0)−6.6 (−12.1 to −1.1)−0.5 (−8.9 to 7.9)−22 (−55.7 to 11.7)0.684
Leakage index0.1 (−0.1 to 0.3)−0.9 (−1.1 to −0.7)−0.2 (−0.4 to 0)−0.3 (−0.5 to −0.1)0.001
Social activity index−0.2 (−0.8 to 0.4)0.6 (0.2 to 1.0)0.6 (0.2 to 1.0)0.1 (−0.3 to 0.5)0.001
  • * Kruskal-Wallis test for comparison between groups.