Papers And Originals

Intravenous diazoxide in treatment of hypertension associated with recent myocardial infarction

Br Med J 1975; 4 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.4.5988.74 (Published 11 October 1975) Cite this as: Br Med J 1975;4:74
  1. K P O'Brien,
  2. R R Grigor,
  3. P M Taylor

    Abstract

    Twenty patients with blood pressure over 180/110 mm Hg one hour after admission to a coronary care unit with recent acute myocardial infarction were given intravenous diazoxide in a bolus of 300 mg. The average blood pressure before diazoxide was 194/122 mm Hg. Blood pressure fell considerably in all patients, though six patients required two injections. The average fall was 58 mm Hg systolic and 40 mm Hg diastolic. No patient became severely hypotensive. The heart rate increased by an average of 10 beats/min. In nine patients the electrocardiographic changes immediately after the administration of diazoxide suggested an increase in myocardial injury. Though none of the patients seemed to deteriorate clinically from the diazoxide the electrocardiographic changes suggested that the use of intravenous diazoxide to lower blood pressure in patients with acute myocardial infarction might possibly be deleterious.