Papers And Originals

New Type of Allergic Asthma due to IgG “Reaginic” Antibody

Br Med J 1973; 4 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.4.5892.589 (Published 08 December 1973) Cite this as: Br Med J 1973;4:589
  1. D. H. Bryant,
  2. M. W. Burns,
  3. L. Lazarus

    Abstract

    This study was undertaken to examine the possibility that IgE is not the only immunoglobulin responsible for immediate allergic reactions. A group of asthmatics were investigated in whom immediate allergic reactivity of the bronchi to common inhalant allergens had been confirmed by provocation tests. Their sera were fractionated and the reaginic activity of the immunoglobulin classes was studied by passive cutaneous anaphylaxis testing in monkeys. The results showed that the immediate allergic reactions were due to IgE antibodies in most patients, but there was a group with reactions due to short-term anaphylactic IgG antibodies. It was not possible to inhibit the IgG-mediated responses with disodium cromoglycate. As these two groups had clearly different serum IgE levels the estimation of IgE provided an important guide to the management of these patients.