Papers And Originals

Fibrosing Alveolitis Associated with Renal Tubular Acidosis

Br Med J 1970; 4 doi: (Published 05 December 1970) Cite this as: Br Med J 1970;4:596
  1. A. M. S. Mason,
  2. M. B. McIllmurray,
  3. P. L. Golding,
  4. D. T. D. Hughes


    The discovery of a case of renal tubular acidosis and fibrosing alveolitis led to the investigation of 19 further patients. Abnormal pulmonary function tests were found in a further four patients with overt renal tubular acidosis and in four out of eight patients with “incomplete” renal tubular acidosis. The response to an ammonium chloride test in seven patients with cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis was normal. Those patients with a defect of both renal acidification and pulmonary gas transfer had concurrent autoimmune diseases such as Sjögren's syndrome and primary biliary cirrhosis. It is suggested that the renal and pulmonary abnormalities may be part of a systemic disorder capable of affecting many organs. Moreover, hyperglobulinaemia and autoantibodies in these patients further suggests that immunological mechanisms are concerned in the pathogenesis of these abnormalities.