Attenuation of human influenza a virusesBr Med J 1969; 4 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.4.5677.198 (Published 25 October 1969) Cite this as: Br Med J 1969;4:198
- A. S. Beare,
- M. L. Bynoe
The attenuation of two human influenza A viruses has been carried out, using the selection of inhibitor-resistant strains and multiple passages at low temperatures. A virus related to A2/Tokyo/3/67 was obtained in an inhibitor-resistant form. When this was compared with the inhibitor-sensitive strain in a volunteer trial it was relatively non-pathogenic. The second virus, A2/Hongkong/1/68, was subjected to much longer treatment, but nevertheless remained slightly sensitive to serum inhibitor. When given to volunteers it was less pathogenic than before but attenuation was incomplete. A2/Hongkong/1/68 was also modified by passage at low temperatures. Many of these passages are apparently necessary for full attenuation.
All attenuated viruses were infective and antigenic.