Minerva

Surf cultures . . . and other stories

BMJ 2018; 360 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.k397 (Published 01 February 2018) Cite this as: BMJ 2018;360:k397

The bacteriology of surfing

Cefotaxime-resistant Escherichia coli are present in low concentrations in some coastal waters of England and Wales. Surfers, who tend to swallow more sea water than swimmers, might be a vulnerable group. A cross-sectional study found that surfers were three times more likely to carry antibiotic resistant E coli than non-surfers in a non-surfing control group (Environ Int doi:10.1016/j.envint.2017.11.003). Even so, only nine out of the 143 surfers who took part in the study tested positive and the absolute risk is probably low. What’s more, this carriage rate is no higher than reported in community surveys.

Lessons in breathing

People with asthma were randomly allocated to face-to-face breathing training with a physiotherapist, to self taught training in the …

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