News

Progress on malaria stalls amid decline in funding

BMJ 2017; 359 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.j5645 (Published 05 December 2017) Cite this as: BMJ 2017;359:j5645

Re: Progress on malaria stalls amid decline in funding

The National Eradication of Malaria program in India was one of the many incentives taken to eradicate malaria from India. Apart from spraying DDT, the following are the measures taken to combat malaria:

National Anti-Malaria Programme
Modified Plan of Operation (MPO)
In 1977 attempts at malaria eradication were given up and under the review policy, a Modified Plan of Operation (MPO) was adopted.

Objectives
1. Elimination of malaria deaths
2. Reduction of malaria morbidity
3. Maintenance of the gains achieved so far by reducing transmission of malaria

Urban Malaria Scheme (UMS)
Malaria week is being observed every year from 1st MAY to 7th May.
Enhanced Malaria Control Project (EMCP)
Anti-malaria Drug Policy
Insecticide Policy
Remote Sensing in Vector Borne Disease Control

There was a continual program monitoring, changes and policy to control malaria. Yet there still remains a problem of eradication because of sanitary conditions, stagnant water and follow up of drug therapy. There was also acclaimed research related to identification of parasite (Plasmodium falciparum) specific targets for drug development, role of plastid in plasmodium, and detailed analysis of parasite fatty acid synthesis. But the most important aspect is the citizen's role in such a program by following the suggestions given by the agencies to keep the environment free from pools of water that harbor malarial parasites and to follow drug treatment. Yet we say, protect yourself from mosquitoe bites in the morning to avoid Dengue and in the night, malaria. This primary health problem remains a thorn in the health policy of India.

Competing interests: No competing interests

07 December 2017
DHASTAGIR Sheriff
Professor
Professor
CHENNAI, CHENNAI