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High fat Mediterranean diet is not linked to greater weight gain than low fat diet

BMJ 2016; 353 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.i3171 (Published 07 June 2016) Cite this as: BMJ 2016;353:i3171
  1. Ingrid Torjesen
  1. London

Low fat diet not better than Mediterranean

An unrestricted calorie Mediterranean diet enriched with healthy vegetable fats does not increase weight gain or waist circumference more than a low fat diet, a five year study published in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology has suggested, bolstering the argument that total fat content is not a useful measure of harms or benefits of food.1

The authors said that current health guidelines that recommend a low fat, low calorie diet created an unnecessary fear of the healthy fats present in a Mediterranean diet, which have known health benefits.

The study, which was funded by the Spanish government, the Spanish Biomedical Research Centre in Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBER OBN), and Instituto de Salud Carlos III, included 7447 men and women aged 55 to 80 years who had type 2 diabetes or three or more cardiovascular risk factors. …

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