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Outcomes in extremely preterm US infants improve, study finds

BMJ 2015; 351 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h4851 (Published 09 September 2015) Cite this as: BMJ 2015;351:h4851
  1. Michael McCarthy
  1. 1Seattle

Changes in maternal and infant care practices over the past two decades have been associated with improved survival, as well as modest but significant reductions in many of the common morbidities seen in extremely preterm neonates, a US study has found.1

In the study Barbara J Stoll, of the Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta, Georgia, and colleagues evaluated preterm infants born with a gestational age of 22 weeks 0 days through 28 weeks 6 days and a birth weight of 401-1500 g. All were born at or admitted to 26 hospitals selected from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development’s neonatal research network over two decades from 1993 to 2013. These medical centers all have large obstetric and neonatal services and specialist knowledge in caring for high risk mothers and extremely preterm newborns.

Infants were followed prospectively until death, hospital …

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