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Exercise induced dyspnoea and other stories

BMJ 2014; 349 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.g7325 (Published 03 December 2014) Cite this as: BMJ 2014;349:g7325

Breathlessness on exertion is common in older people. It is also common in the young. A questionnaire on exercise induced dyspnoea was sent to all adolescents born in 1997 and 1998 in Uppsala, Sweden (n=3838). A random subsample of 146 adolescents underwent standardised treadmill exercise tests for exercise induced bronchoconstriction and laryngeal obstruction. The resulting estimated prevalence of these two conditions in the total population was 19.2% and 5.7%, respectively. Adolescents with these conditions were no more likely to have asthma than others (Thorax 2014, doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2014-205738).

If you are obese and non-diabetic and lucky enough to get bariatric surgery in the UK, your risk of getting diabetes in the next two to three years is 80% less than for matched controls (Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology 2014;2:963-8, doi:10.1016/S2213-8587(14)70214-1). Half of the 2167 patient cohort had laparoscopic banding and most of the others had gastric bypass surgery. The reduced incidence of diabetes continued until the maximum seven years …

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