BMJ 2012; 345 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.e5151 (Published 01 August 2012) Cite this as: BMJ 2012;345:e5151

In July 1543, King Henry VIII married his sixth wife, Catherine Parr. Parr had been married and widowed twice before, but had no track record of producing children. Henry’s own health was poor when they married—and erectile dysfunction was likely. However, if there had been any questions posed about the apparent infertility, the perfect answer was available: the queen bore no children in her two previous marriages so it could not be the fault of the king (Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care 2012;38:200-1, doi:10.1136/jfprhc-2012-100399).

Salvaging blood during radical pelvic urological surgery has been recommended practice for over three years in the United Kingdom. An analysis of 213 cases of radical cystectomy over 10 years found that 91% of patients received intraoperative cell salvage (ICS) blood and 28% avoided any further transfusions. Towards the end of the decade, ICS blood provided 70% of overall transfusion requirements, thus reducing the risks associated with …

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