Developing countries must balance access to antibiotics with action to curb resistance

BMJ 2011; 343 doi: (Published 07 October 2011) Cite this as: BMJ 2011;343:d6471
  1. Ganapati Mudur
  1. 1Delhi

An international conference on bacterial infections in New Delhi has called on India and other developing countries to intensify action to make available first line antibiotics to rural populations while reducing the irrational use of antibiotics.

The first Global Forum on Bacterial Infections, which concluded on 5 October, said developing countries face the dual challenge of unnecessary deaths from infections and growing antibiotic resistance, much of it driven by the overuse of antibiotics in public and private healthcare sectors.

A report released ahead of the forum by the Global Antibiotic Resistance Partnership, an international coalition of health experts, warned that the emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance has “critically compromised” the management of common and lethal bacterial infections (Indian J Med Res 2011;134:281).

The report cited a World Health Organization study that found that 58% …

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