BMJ 2011; 342 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.d2296 (Published 18 April 2011) Cite this as: BMJ 2011;342:d2296

Sugar heavy foods and drinks are the focus of the obesity epidemic, and salt is usually the domain of those with an interest in blood pressure. But an international study of nutrients and blood pressure reports that drinking sugar sweetened beverages is also related directly to blood pressure. Increasing intake by just one serving (355 mL) a day was associated with systolic/diastolic blood pressure increases of 1.6/0.8 mm Hg, and 1.1/0.4 mm Hg with adjustments for weight and height. Intake of diet drinks was inversely associated with blood pressure (Hypertension 2011;57:695-701, doi:10.1161/hypertensionaha.110.165456).

Women who stop menstruating because of overexercising or severe restriction of calories may be helped by boosting their levels of the hormone leptin. A double blind clinical pilot trial of a synthetic form of leptin versus placebo in 20 women with hypothalamic amenorrhoea found that about 70% of the women responded to the treatment during the 36 week trial, and that four of them actually ovulated. …

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