In brief

BMJ 2010; 341 doi: (Published 13 October 2010) Cite this as: BMJ 2010;341:c5646

Southern Sudan sees upsurge of kala-azar: Recurrent outbreaks of visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) have been reported in the autonomous region of Southern Sudan. A total of 6363 cases and 303 deaths have been recorded since outbreaks began in September 2009. Most patients (70%) are children aged under 15 years who are also malnourished and have other illnesses. WHO is supporting the relief operation but says that $0.7m (£0.4m; €0.5m) is needed to expand treatment centres and buy more drugs, diagnostic kits, and nutritional supplies.

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