Head To Head

Can electrocardiographic screening prevent sudden death in athletes? No

BMJ 2010; 341 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.c4914 (Published 14 September 2010) Cite this as: BMJ 2010;341:c4914
  1. Roald Bahr, professor in sports medicine
  1. 1Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
  1. roald.bahr{at}nih.no

    Mandatory electrocardiographic screening of athletes would detect heart problems and save lives, argue Antonio Pelliccia and Domenico Corrado (doi:10.1136/bmj.c4923), but Roald Bahr claims that the diagnostic accuracy is questionable

    Some facts are undisputed. Every year, athletes die tragically during exercise. Although regular physical activity is beneficial for most, vigorous exercise transiently increases the risk of sudden cardiac death in people with underlying cardiovascular disease—for example, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, ion channelopathies, or coronary artery anomalies.1 Sudden death during exercise is often the first manifestation of heart disease.2 Screening with 12-lead electrocardiography can identify some people with underlying heart disease.3 4

    Proponents argue that these facts support making electrocardiographic screening a prerequisite for participation in organised sports to prevent sudden death.5 The cornerstone of their argument is a 25 year prospective study (1979-2004) from the Veneto region in Italy. This showed that the introduction of a mandatory screening programme for all athletes aged between 12 and 35 who wanted to participate in organised sports reduced the annual incidence of sudden cardiac deaths among athletes by 89%, while the incidence for non-athletic people of the same age remained unchanged. The main explanation was that athletes with cardiomyopathies were screened …

    View Full Text

    Sign in

    Log in through your institution

    Free trial

    Register for a free trial to thebmj.com to receive unlimited access to all content on thebmj.com for 14 days.
    Sign up for a free trial

    Subscribe