BMJ 2010; 340 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.c129 (Published 19 January 2010) Cite this as: BMJ 2010;340:c129

As the world continues to feel the intense financial strain of massive deficit, how interesting that a connection has been suggested between “over-indebtedness” and occurrence of back pain. A German exploratory study of almost 1000 people found that the point prevalence of back pain was 80% in the over-indebted group, compared to 20% in the general population. Being over-indebted was identified as an independent influence and was associated with an 11 times increased probability of having back pain (BMC Public Health 2009;9:451 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-451).

The risk of testicular cancer may be related to experiences of the mother. A systematic review and meta-analysis of perinatal variables found that maternal bleeding during pregnancy, birth order, sibship size, and, possibly, being delivered by caesarean section, were associated with risk of testicular cancer in later life (International Journal of Epidemiology 2009;38:1532-42, doi:10.1093/ije/dyp287). Birth order and sibship size were inversely related to the risk of cancer, with the oldest child having a higher …

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