BMJ 2009; 338 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.b1044 (Published 17 March 2009) Cite this as: BMJ 2009;338:b1044

What happens when people with type 1 diabetes get drunk? A pilot study involving 10 patients with diabetes and the consumption of a lot of white wine or alcohol-free wine concluded that alcohol ingestion induced a rise in ketones despite the participants being in a strictly controlled environment with no interruption in insulin administration. Real life circumstances could well result in substantial ketosis (QJM 2009;102:169-74, doi:10.1093/qjmed/hcn163).

Traditional healers in Zimbabwe are influential, so their understanding of HIV/AIDS is important. Indigenous names for HIV include mukondombera (“stubborn disease that will not let go once it gets hold of you”), which can be traced back to the 1918 global influenza epidemic. Other names are chiwere chepfambi (“disease of prostitutes”), bumbiro rezviwere (“a group of different seeds that begin to germinate at the same time”), referring to the development of opportunistic infections, and shuramatongo (“ghost compound”), a metaphor for the ruin of a household affected by the disease (AIDS Care 2009;21:231-4, doi:10.1080/09540120801982913).

Knocking out an enzyme responsible for metabolising fat in the guts of mice protects them from obesity. Without the enzyme, fat is still absorbed, but it is …

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