Ethiopian study shows urban children in areas three times as likely to survive to 18 than rural childrenBMJ 2008; 337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.a1765 (Published 25 September 2008) Cite this as: BMJ 2008;337:a1765
- Peter Moszynski
A study in Ethiopia shows profound differences between the health outcomes of children born in urban and rural parts of sub-Saharan Africa, with urban areas conferring a big advantage (Journal of Perinatal and Paediatric Epidemiology 2008 Sep 10, doi:10.1111/j.1365-3016.2008.00974.x).
This is thought to be the first occasion that a group of African children have been followed in detail from birth to adulthood, and it gives a useful insight into why only one in four such children survive until their 18th birthday.
The research identifies the hazards that face rural Ethiopian children, including death shortly after birth, risks from common infections such as malaria and pneumonia, and nutritional problems. Researchers …