Practice Pregnancy Plus

Depression during pregnancy

BMJ 2007; 334 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.39189.662581.55 (Published 10 May 2007) Cite this as: BMJ 2007;334:1003
  1. Veronica O'Keane, senior lecturer,
  2. Michael S Marsh, consultant obstetrician, King's College Hospital, and honorary senior lecturer, Institute of Psychiatry
  1. Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London SE5 8AF
  1. Correspondence to: V O'Keane v.o'keane{at}iop.kcl.ac.uk

    Introduction

    Depression during pregnancy is common. The case presented here highlights many of the key issues involved in the management of pregnant women with depression, particularly the importance of active treatment.

    Scenario

    Two months after the birth of her second child a 34 year old woman was admitted to a psychiatric inpatient unit for treatment of depression. She was married and worked as a business manager. She had a history of depression dating back to her late teens, which had been untreated until the birth of her first child three years before. At this point her depression had deteriorated into a psychotic state, but she subsequently responded to a combination of antidepressants and antipsychotic drugs. Her second pregnancy was planned, and her medication was discontinued when she conceived. Although her mental state continued to deteriorate as the pregnancy advanced, she was reassured at antenatal consultations that she had a healthy pregnancy and her baby was developing appropriately. She went into spontaneous labour and delivered a healthy baby girl at 35 weeks.

    In the subsequent weeks her mental health deteriorated further. She believed that she was a terrible mother and that her baby was doomed to a life of misery. She experienced derogatory auditory hallucinations confirming these beliefs and in this deluded state attempted suicide. She was discovered by her sister and brought to a general hospital, where she was treated for two weeks in the intensive care unit. After a further 10 week admission in a specialist psychiatric unit, during which she was reunited with her baby, she was discharged fully recovered on venlafaxine 225 mg and olanzapine 5 mg a day.

    How common is depression during pregnancy?

    Rates of depression in women are higher during the childbearing years than at any other time.w1 Estimated rates of depression during pregnancy vary from 7-15% in economically developed countries …

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