Group of British doctors call for a boycott of the Israel Medical Association

BMJ 2007; 334 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.39196.455613.DB (Published 26 April 2007)
Cite this as: BMJ 2007;334:871.6

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May 21, 2007

In a letter published in The Guardian in April, a group of British doctors called for a boycott of the Israeli Medical Association (IMA) and its expulsion from the World Medical Association (WMA) for allegedly failing to uphold international medical ethical standards in the Palestinian territories.

We, the representatives of medicine in Israel, categorically deny these accusations and wish to take a stand in support of the IMA and humane medical treatment for all in Israel.

It is all too clear that Dr. Derek Summerfield is once again feeding his own personal, systematic dislike of Israel and will persist in doing so regardless of the truth.

As for Dr. David Halpin, if the best he can do is quote Amira Hass: Life Under Israeli Occupation – published August 26, 2001 in The Independent, at the height of the Intifida, we suggest he undertakes a more up-to-date and thorough study of the situation, as described below. Unfortunately, the other signatories were presumably unaware of the reality of the situation. We would therefore like to clarify some facts and provide an incomplete sampling of health activity aimed at helping the Palestinian population: 2,346 Palestinian children with birth defects were treated last year in Israeli hospitals (up from 1,604 in 2005), 29, 919 Palestinian patients were granted permits to undergo medical treatments in hospitals in Israel (up from 24,076 in 2005), and 1,600 Palestinian emergency patients were transferred by ambulance from the PA to hospitals in Israel (up from 800 in 2005).

We would also like to reiterate what was expressed in a recent IMA letter: The IMA is not, and has never been, the ‘executive arm of the Israeli establishment.' It is an apolitical organization that, like every other national medical organization, concerns itself with medical and health issues and not the establishment or support of any sort of political policy.

The IMA has continuously called for funds to be transferred [to the PA] not in kind but in the form of food and medicine so that help could be given where it is truly needed. In addition to the above, hundreds or thousands of Palestinian patients receive medical care in Israel each year, usually at a cost absorbed by the Israeli government. As an example, in 2004, NIS 36, 645, 507 (approximately 8, 143, 446 USD at the time) of PA debts to Israeli hospitals were offset. The IMA has intervened on occasions where a patient was about to be evicted from an Israeli hospital for lack of funds. The IMA has also intervened on many occasions of Palestinian patients, physicians, and medical students who encountered difficulties at Israeli checkpoints, including petitions to the High Court of Justice on certain matters. Israeli doctors learn and work side by side with their Arab colleagues, treating both Jewish and Arab patients, Israeli and Palestinian. Sometimes these very same dedicated physicians meet their death at the hands of terrorists, leaving their Palestinian patients to wonder who will care for them.

The organization has, at several points in the past, attempted to meet with its Palestinian counterparts in an effort to foster mutual cooperation and better understanding, including the release of a joint statement. Almost none of these meetings have taken place, because of refusal on the Palestinian side.

In addition to the above, there are numerous collaborative health care initiatives taking place at any time. The First International Congress on Chronic Disorders in Children was attended in April by 300 Israeli and 100 Palestinian doctors and the First Middle East Symposium on Dental Medicine represented a further expression of the relationship launched between the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Al-Quds University. Under the Israeli program "Save a Child's Heart", doctors at Wolfson Hospital repair congenital heart defects for children from the Palestinian territories, Iraq, Jordan and Africa; more than 1,000 children, about half from Gaza and the occupied West Bank, have been helped so far by the program.

Teams at Bethlehem University and at Tel-Aviv University have worked together to investigate the genetic causes of deafness. A new graduate program will enable Palestinian students to pursue post-graduate research in this field at Tel-Aviv University .

Jerusalem's Hadassah hospital has trained Palestinian physicians and nurses in cancer treatments, and staff from this hospital and Palestinian hospitals exchange ideas and information on an ongoing basis. It saddens us greatly to see and hear of Palestinian civilians receiving inadequate health care, including in Gaza, from which Israel unilaterally withdrew in 2006. It saddens us that funds transferred to the Palestinian leadership are often used for guns and bombs instead of for hospitals and medicines. It saddens us that terrorists kill or maim our civilians, kidnap our soldiers, rain missiles on Israeli cities, and then hide among civilians and civilian structures such as hospitals. And it pains us that terrorist attacks on Israeli civilians (including terrorists posing as ill people in need of medical care) result in security measures that sometimes cause hardship to innocent Palestinians. We do our best to help whenever possible, despite these constraints, and have often called for a separation of political and humane issues, so that no one suffers from the current conflict.

The “facts” expressed in the letter of the Palestinian organizations calling for a boycott of the IMA, are a far cry from reality. It is our hope that your readers will form unbiased opinions and recognize the steps that Israeli doctors are taking to improve the health and treatment of all peoples, regardless of race or religion. Those who have preconceived opinions will undoubtedly stick with them. But for those who want the truth, we have attempted to present it. However, unlike our accusers, who present nameless numbers of supporters, we are proud to be associated with the Israeli Medical Association and willingly supply our details.

Sincerely,

Dr. Yoram Blachar, President, Israeli Medical Association

Prof. Shai Ashkenazi, Chairman, Scientific Council, IMA & Director Pediatrics A, Schneider Children's Medical Center, Israel

Professor Shmuel C. Shapira MD MPH, Hadassah Deputy Director General Director Hebrew University-Hadassah School of Public Health

Dr. Jacob Yahav , Director, Kaplan Medical Center Prof. Zvi Zemishlany, Director - Geha Mental Health Center

Meir Oren M.D., M.Sc., M.P.H Director – General, The Hillel - Yaffe Medical Center

Zvi Stern m.d.Director Hadassah Medical Center- Mt. Scopus

Prof. Jacob Hart, Director (CEO), Loewenstein Hospital Rehabilitation Center, Raanana, Israel

Dr. Orna Blondheim, Director, Haemak Medical Center, Afula

Dr. Raphi Pollack, Medical Director, Bikur Cholim Hospital, Jerusalem

SCHARF SHIMON M.D.,M.P.H., Director of the Barzilai Med. Ctr.Ashkelon

Yehuda Baruch MD MHA, Director General, Abarbanel Mental Health Center, Israel

Amos Etzioni MD, Professor of Pediatrics and Immunology Director - Meyer Children's Hospital, Bat- Galim, Haifa

Nicky Liebermann M.D., Head – Community Medical Division, "Clalit" Health Services, Israel

Prof. Ron Dagan, Director, Pediatric Infectious Diseases Unit Soroka University Medical Center, Beer Sheva, Israel

Yehezkel Caine M.D., M.Sc. Director General, Herzog Hospital

Dr. Itzhak (Tzaki) Siev-Ner, Head of Orthopedic Rehabilitation, Sheba Medical Center, Israel Prof. David Branski, M.D, Chairman of Pediatrics, Hadassah University Hospitals, Jerusalem

Amos Etzioni MD, Professor of Pediatrics and Immunology, Director - Meyer Children's Hospital PROF. HANOCH HOD MD, DIRECTOR ICCU SHEBA MEDICAL CENTER, ISRAEL

Ehud Raanani, MD, Head of Cardiac Surgery, Sheba Medical Center, Israel

Dr.Zeev Feldman, Head of pediatric Neurology, Sheba Medical Center, Israel

Prof. Aaron Lerner, Head Child Nutrition Unit, Carmel Hospital

Prof. Arie Lindner, Head, Dept. of Urology, Asaf Harofeh Medical Center & Vice Chairman of the Scientific Council, IMA

Eliezer Shalev M.D, Associate Dean, Rappaport faculty of medicine Technion, Israel Institute of Technology Professor and Chairman, Department Of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Haemek medical Center, Afula Israel President, Israel Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Shaul Sofer,M.D., Dean, Faculty of Health Sciences, Lubner Family Chair in Child Health & Development, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

Yoseph A. Mekori M.D., Professor of Medicine, Dean, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

Henry Silver MBBS, BMedSci, DPM, FRANZCP Associate

Professor, Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology Deputy Director Sha'ar Menashe Mental Health Centre, Israel

Prof. Bernard Belhassen, Director, Cardiac Electrophysiology Laboratory, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Batya Kristal, MD, MHA, FASN, Assoc. Professor of Medicine, Head, Department of Nephrology & Hypertension, Western Galilee Hospital

Kluger Yoram MD, FACS, Department of Surgery B, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel

Prof. Gil Lugassy, Chairman, Israeli Hematology Association

Dr. Ohad Birk, Head, Genetics Institute, Soroka Medical Center, Israel

Dr. Gerald M.Fraser MD,FRCP, Director of the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Unit, Deputy-Director Department of Gastroenterology, Rabin Medical Center

Prof Alexander Battler, MD, FACC, FESC, Director of Cardiology Rabin Medical Center

Francis B Mimouni, MD, FAAP, FACN Professor of Pediatrics, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv, Israel Chief of Staff, the Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel President, Israeli Pediatric Association

Prof. Keren Gad MD, Head Dept. Cardiology, Tel-Aviv Medical Center Incumbent –Chaim Sheba Chair of Cardiology Santiago Richter, M.D., Head, Endourology Service, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Sava, Israel

Professor Ami Schattner

Batia Yaffe M.D, Head Department of Hand Surgery and Microsurgery Unit, Sheba Medical Center

Dr. Krimchansky Benzy. Head of the ICU for Head Trauma patients. Loewenshtein Rehabilitation Center,. Raanana, Israel

Dr Modi Naftali, Poria Medical Center

Dr M S Monnickendam MD, Family Physician, Hadera, Israel

Yosef Uziel MD, MSc, Associate Professor of Pediatrics Head- Ambulatory Day Unit, Medical Education Unit, Pediatric Rheumatology Department of Pediatrics, Meir Medical Center, Kfar-Saba, Israel

Yehuda A. Schwarz, MD, Senior Deputy Director of Pulmonary Medicine Dep., Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Ari Zimran, MD, Director, Gaucher Clinic, Shaare Zedek Medical Center Ass. Professor of Medicine, Hebrew University and Haddassah School of Medicine

Yehuda L. Danon M.D., Professor of Medicine, Schneider Childrens Medical Center

Prof Ami Schattner

Judith Heyd MD, Head, Hematology Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem

Dr. Darwin Telias, Mental Health Center Beer-Sheva and "Matara" Addicitions Treatment Center, Ben Gurion University

Ephraim Rimon, MD Head Geriatric Department E, F, Harzfeld Medical Center, Gedera

Prof. Joel Sayfan, Head of Department of Surgery, Haemek Medical Center

Pinchas Halpern, MD, Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel

Dr. Meir Weisbrod, Director of the Neonatology/Prematurity Department, Laniado Hospital, Netanya, Israel

Yehuda Limony MD MSc, Child Health Center-Kiriat Gat And Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva

Eran Leitersdorf, MD, Professor of Internal Medicine, Chair in Molecular Genetics, Head, Department of Medicine B, Director, Center for Research, Prevention and Treatment of Atherosclerosis, Hadassah University Hospital

Dean D. Ad-El MD Head, Department of Plastic Surgery & Burns Rabin Medical Center

Dr. Avi Cohen, Head, Neurosurgery Dept., Soroka Medical Center

Prof. Chaim Lotan, Director, Heart Institute, Chair in Cardiology, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center

Hadary Amram MD, Head, Trauma Unit ,”Ziv” Hospital, Safed

Pnina Green, M.D., Ph.D., The Laboratory for the Study of Fatty Acids The Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, And Department of Internal Medicine B, Rabin Medical Center

Dr. Dror Soffer, Head, Trauma Unit, Tel Aviv Medical Center

Prof. Gideon Uretzky, M.D., Chairman, Dept. of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center & Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

David Pauzner M.D., Deputy Head, Obgyn Wing, Sourasky Medical Center

Dr. Yitzchak Halperin, Barzili Medical Center

Prof. Arie Herman, Head of Ob/Gyn, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center

Dr Shimoni Zvi, Head of Internal Med B Department and Infectious Disease Unit, Laniado Hospital, Netanya

DR SASSON NAKAR

Dr Ezra Yehiel, Family Physician, Clalit Health Services, Afula

DR YAGEV YARON, OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE SPECIALIST, DIRECTOR OF MACCABI OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE CLINIC IN THE NEGEV

Zalman Weintraub, MD. Neonatology Nahariya

Michael SOUDRY M.D., Professor and Chairman, Division of Orthopaedics and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery A, Rambam Medical Center

Professor Eugene Libson, Hadassah Univ.Hospital, Hebrew University School of Medicine

Dr. Roberto Michan, Pediatrician

Yaacov Jack Ashkenazi md head of adult internal medecine and hematology day care shaare zedek medical center jerusalem

Dr. Ido Olsha, Head of Department of General Surgery, Yoseftal Hospital – Eilat

Dr Suzy Ronen, Sharei Zedek Medical Center

Morris Mosseri, Cardiology Institute, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba

Dr. Doron Kopelman, Head, Surgery B, Haemek Medical Center Aroeh Eden MD, Director of Research, Computing and Quality assurance. Department of Anesthesia and CCM Carmel Medical Center

Professor Uri Seligsohn, Sheba Medical Center

Ofer Nativ MD., Prof. & Chairman Department of Urology, Bnai-Zion Medical Center

Prof' Joseph Ribak, Tel Aviv University

Dr Moshe Hersch, MD, MSc, Director of ICU, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem Senior Lecturer, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel

Prof. Moshe Hod, Director, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Helen Schneider Hospital for Women, Rabin Medical Center

Boris Finkel, M.D. Head of Psychogeriatric Ward Head of Holocaust Residence Lev HaSharon Mental Heath Center

Dr. Gal-Moscovici Anca, Nephrology and Hypertension Services Bone Research Laboratory, Hadassah University, Jerusalem

Prof Avry Chagnac, MD, Rabin Medical Center- Hasharon Hospital

Prof. Z.H. Rappaport, Director, Dept. of Neurosurgery, Rabin Medical Center

Professor Mauro Rathaus, Meir Medical Center, Israel

PROF. SHOENFELD YEHUDA, MD.FRCP, Head, Department of Medicine 'B' and Center for Autoimmune Diseases, Sheba Medical Center

Vardiella Meiner, M.D.Dept of Human Genetics, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem

Prof. Daniel Benharroch, Head of Hematopathology Unit, Dept. of Pathology, Soroka Medical Center, Beer-Sheva.

Ofer Z. Shenfeld MD., Chairman of Urology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center

Nathaniel Laor, Professor of Psychiatry, Behavioral Science and Philosophy, Tel Aviv University

Dr. Charach Gideon

Dr. Pesach Lichtenberg, Herzog Hospital, and the Hadassah Medical School—Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Zohar Barzilay MD FCCM, Professor of Pediatrics, Sheba Medical Center

Prof. N. Gadoth Chairman Adult & Pediatric Neurology - MA`AYNEI-HAYESHUA Medical Center, Israel

OZ YUVAL MD Ob & Gyn specialist Chief Ultrasound Unit Safed Hospital, Israel

DR ZEHAVA ALON, GENERAL PRACTITIONER, Israel

Gilutz Harel M.D, Director of Intensive Coronary Care Unit.

DR. VERA FRIED,- . Internal Medicine and Geriatrics Geriatric Dep. Soroka University Hospital Beer Sheba Assistant director, Cardiology Department, Ben-Gurion University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center

Michael Hoffman, MD Deputy Chief Director Department of Internal Medicine A, Tell Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel

Prof. Haim Bibi MD, Head Pediatric Department, Carmel Medical Center, Haifa

Shmuel Yurman MD, Head Neonatal Department & NICU Hillel Yaffe Medical Center

Prof. Moshe Roffman, Head of Orthopaedic Depart., Carmel Medical Center and Medical Faculty – Technion, Haifa

Amir Vardi MD, Director ECMO program Department of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine SAFRA Children's Hospital SHEBA Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer Affiliated to the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University ISRAEL

Ehud Melzer M.D, Head Department of Gastroenterology & Liver Disease Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, ISRAEL

Professor Eugene Libson MD.FRCR, Hadassah Medical Center

Prof. Meller, Director- National Unit of Orthopedic Oncology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center Hillel Halkin MD, Professor of Medicine, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

Prof. Shimon Meretyk, Head of Urology Dept., Rambam Medical Center, Israel

Prof. Israel Potasman, Director, Infectious Dis., Bnai Zion Med. Ctr., Haifa

Dr. Chanan Tauber, Former president of the Israel Orthopedic Association A. Mark Clarfield, MD, FRCPC, Head of Geriatrics, Soroka Hospital. Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University.

Shai Brill M.D, Beit Rivka Geriatric Rehabilitation Hospital

Lawrence M. Loewenthal, MD Medical Consultant to Ophthalmologists in Haifa, Poriyah, Israel

Moshe Hadani M.D. Professor and Chairman, Department of Neurosurgery Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel

Dr Ilan Treves, Head, Open Ward B, Shalvata Mental Health Center, Israel

Prof Yuval Yaron, Head of Prenatal Genetic Diagnosis Unit, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Dr. Ido Olsha, Head of Department of General Surgery, Yoseftal Hospital – Eilat Dr. Moshe Kostiner m.d specialists clinic manager, Israel

Joseph Itskovitz-Eldor, MD DSc,Director, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rambam Medical Center & Director, Stem Cell Center Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine Technion - Israel Institute of Technology

Haim Ring MD, MSc PMR, Professor and Chairman, Neurological Rehabilitation Dept.Loewenstein Rehabilitation Center

Efraim Halperin MD, DTM&H, FACP, Director, Unit of Infectious Diseases Bikur Cholim Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel

Dr. Jacob Atsmon, Head, Clinical Pharmacology Unit, Director, Clinical Research Center Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Dr. Alona Paz, Infectious diseases specialist Infectious diseases unit, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa

Dr Ilan Treves

Prof. D. Hochner, Head of Maternity Unit, Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hadassah Mount Scopus, Jerusalem

Gadi Shaked, MD, Department of Surgery, Trauma Unit, Soroka University Medical Center

Prof. H. Matzkin, Head of Urology Dept., Tel Aviv Medical Center

Shlomo Keidar MD, Rambam Medical Center HERSHKOVICH JACOB MD, SOROKA MEDICAL CENTER, BEER-SHEVA , ISRAEL

Jacob Arad M.D, Director of Emergency Dept,.Joseftal Hospital, Eilat Israel

Prof. Michael Glikson, MD, FACC, FESC, Director of Pacing and Electrophysiology Heart Institute, Sheba Medical Center

Dr. Arieh Markel, Head, Internal Medicine A, Haamek Medical Center, Afula

Dr. Gershon Fink, Head of Pulmonary Institute Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, Chairman of the Israel society of Pulmonology

Prof. Amos M. Cohen, Hematology Unit, Hasharon Hospital Rabin Medical Center

Juza Chen, MD, Director of Sexual Dysfunction Clinic, Department of Urology, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Dr. Zvi Davidovich

Prof. Ilana Ariel, MD, PhD, Head, Perinatal Pathology Unit, The Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem

Dr. Shimon Rochkind, Specialist in Neurosurgery & Microsurgery, Director, Division of Peripheral Nerve Reconstruction, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Oscar H. Kracoff, MD, Cardiologist, Director of ICCU, Kaplan Medical Center Rehovot, Israel

Dr. Naomi Rahimi-Levene, Head, Blood Bank, Asaf Harofeh Medical Center

Eran Segal, MD, Director, General ICU, Sheba Medical Center

Michael Giladi, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Acting Director, the Infectious Disease Unit, Director, The Bernard Pridan Laboratory for Molecular Biology of Infectious Diseases Tel Aviv Medical Center

DR MICHAEL BENNETT, MB BS FRCP FRCPath CONSULTANT HAEMATOLOGIST

Yehuda Ullmann, Acting Head, Plastic Surgery Dept, .Rambam.Medical Center

Eli M Eisenstein, M.D., Department of Pediatrics, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center

Prof. Simcha Yagel, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Centers

Professor Tamir Ben-Hur, M.D., Ph.D., Head, Department of Neurology, Hadassah - Hebrew University Medical Center

Dr Spector Gregory, MD. PhD, Head of Urology Unit Joseftal Hospital Eilat, Israel

Yaron Lang, MD, Head, Dept. of Ophthalmology Ha'Emek Medical Center, Afula, Israel

Prof Zvi Zadik, Director, Pediatric Endocrine Unit, Kaplan Medical Center Chairman Israeli Pediatric Endocrine Associatiion

Fred M Konikoff, MD, MSc., Professor of Medicine, Head, Dept of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Meir Medical Center

Dov Inbar, MD, Schneider Children's Medical Center

Dr. Itzhak Rosner, Director of Rheumatology, Bnai Zion Medical Center

Raphael Catane MD, Professor & Chairman, Department of Oncology, Sheba Medical Center

David Jonathan van Dijk, MD, Specialist in Internal Medicine and Nephrology Director of the Diabetic Nephropathy Clinic, Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Rabin Medical Center

Eli Konen M.D., Head of Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Sheba Medical Center

Professor Elihu D richter MD MPH Hebrew Univ-Hadassah SChool of Public Health Jerusalem

Prof. Alex Simon, Director of IVF Center, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem

Dr. Haim Shtarker, Head, Orthopedic Unit, Nahariya Medical Center

Dr Kleinman Yosef, Head of Internal Medicine, Bikur Cholim Hospital, Jerusalem

Davidovitch Michael MD, Chairman of the Israeli Organization for Child Development and Rehabilitation

Dr. Simon M. Schlanger,M.D.; Oncologist, Israel

T. Tichler, M.D., Chief, Oncology Inpatient Ward, Davidoff Cancer Center, Beilinson Hospital Treasurer of the Israeli Oncology and Radiotherapy Association

Dr Michael Gdalevich, Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon

Prof. Uri Kramer. Director, Pediatric Epilepsy Service, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Dr. Yona Yaniv The Israel Society for surgery of the hand Chairperson Hand surgeon - the hand surgery department Sheba hospital Orthopedic surgeon member - Physicians for human rights

Prof. Zvi Ram, Chairman, Department of Neurosurgery, Tel Aviv Medical Center

Dr Alon Reshef, Head of psychiatric outpatient clinic, Afula. Israel

Dr. Nissim Razon, Neurosurgeon, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Haim Gutman, M.D., Associate Professor, Department of Surgery Tel Aviv University, Sackler School of Medicine. Head, Surgical Oncology Service, Rabin Medical Center

Dr. Yosef MANOR, Head of Hematology, Meir Medical Center and Tel Aviv University

Dr Mariana Steiner, Head of Oncology Service, Carmel Hospital, Haifa

David Huminer M.D., Rabin Medical Center Ernst Voss MD, Gynaecologist , Hadassah University Hospital , Jerusalem

Prof. Moshe Garty MD MSC.FACP(MON) Head of Recanati Center for Medicin - Research Beilinson campus Rabin Medicial Center, Israel

Dr. Yacov Fogelman, "Leumit" HMO Sergey Preisman, M.D., Director of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia Unit, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer

Dr. Haim Bitterman, President of the Israel Association of Internal Medicine

Dr. Menahem Fisher, Deputy Chairman, Israeli Gynecology Association

Dr Igal Hekselman MD MHA-Medical Director, Health insurance system & Clalit Mushlam

Miriam Zalish MD, Head, Glaucoma Unit, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot

Prof. Yehuda G. Wolf, M.D., Head, Dept. of Vascular Surgery, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Alexander Kantarovsky MD, Vascular Surgery, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center

Dr. Michael Stein, Head, Trauma Unit, Rabin Medical Center & Chairman, Israeli Trauma Association

Marc Brezins, Cardiologist, Head of Cath. Lab. Western Galilee Hospital Nahariya USA

Professor David Greenberg, Herzog Hospital, Jerusalem

Prof Amos Katz, M.D., Director, Department of Cardiology, Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon, & Associate Dean for student Affairs, Faculty of Health Sciences Ben-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, Israel

Nachum Soroker, M.D., Chairperson, Israel Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Head, Department of Neurological Rehabilitation, Loewenstein Rehabilitation Hospital, Raanana

Shmuel Reis MD, MHPE, Head, Department of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine The Technion- Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa

Professor Alain Berrebi, Head, Hematology Institute, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, Israel.

Zemach Eisenstein M.D., Endocrine consultant, "Maccabi" Health services, Israel

Head of Pediatrics, Medical Division in the Community, Clalit Medical Services, Israel

Ronni Wolf, MD, Assoc. Clin. Prof. of Dermatology, Head, Dermatology Unit Kaplan Medical Center, Rechovot

Prof. Benjamin Brenner, Director, Thrombosis and Hemostasis Unit, Dept. of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa

Prof. Raanan Shamir, Head, Pediatric gastroenterology and Nutrition, Meyer Children's hospital of Haifa, Rith and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Institute of Technology, Israel

Prof. Ron Maymon, Department OB/GYN, Assaf Harofe Medical Center & Tel Aviv university

Prof. Shmuel Kivity, Israel

Dr. Shlomo Moshe – Maccabi Health Services

Dr. Michal Tavor - Maccabi Health Services

Dr. Yair Barak - Maccabi Health Services

Dr. Michal Shilo - Maccabi Health Services

Professor Esther Paran, Head, Hypertension Unit, Soroka University Hospital, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba, Israel

Prof. Patrick Sorkine, Head of Intensive Care Unit, Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv

Prof. Eliezer Kitai, Head, Dept Family Medicine, Leumit HMO, Dept. Family Medicine , Tel-Aviv University

Mario Sztern M.D, Head of the Emergency Medicine Department, Meir Medical Center Kfar Saba

Dr. Meira Berger, Head of the department of family medicine A, Maccabi Health Services Israel

Gerry Leisman, MD, PhD, Director & Professor The F. R. Carrick Institute for Clinical Ergonomics, Rehabilitation & Applied Neuroscience of Leeds Metropolitan University & Professor, University of Haifa

Ian Miskin MD, Specialist in Family Medicine, Infectious Disease Consultant, Jerusalem

Dr. STOLIN MARINA, Clalit Health Services, Israel

Boris Yoffe MD FACS, Head Department, General and Vascular Surgery, Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon, Israel

Prof. Rephael Zeltser, Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem

Dr Leon Joseph, IDF medical Corps, Israel

Prof. Jochanan E. Naschitz, Technion, Haifa

Baruch Brenner, MD, Gastrointestinal Oncology Unit, Head, Davidoff Cancer Center Rabin Medical Center

Dror Ovadia, MD, Orthopaedic surgeon, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Ron Arnon, M.D, Institute of Gastroenterology, Hadassah Medical Center Jerusalem, Israel

Prof. Gilad Ben-Baruch, Director Department of Gynecologic-Oncology, Sheba Medical Center Tel-Hashomer, Israel

Dan M. Fliss MD, President of the Israeli Society of Otorhinolaryngology / Head & Neck Surgery, Professor and Chairman Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center Tel Aviv 64239, ISRAEL

Dr. Eli Shahak MD Soroka MEDICAL CENTER, Israel

A. Mark Clarfield, MD, FRCPC, Head of Geriatrics, Soroka Hospital.

Sidonie Hecht Professor of Geriatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University.

Dr. Michael Koffler, Director, The Diabetes Unit, Tel-Aviv Medical Center, Ichilov Hospital, Tel Aviv

Dr Suzy Ronen, Sharei Zedek Medical Center

Prof Raphael Breuer, MD, Head, Inst of Pulmonary Medicine & Lung Biology Laboratory Hadassah - Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel

ASA LEV-EL M.D ORTHOPEDIC SURGEON, DIRECTOR OF ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY DEPT, R.SIEFF HOSPITAL, SAFED

Nathan I Cherny MBBS FRACP FRCP Medical Oncologist and Director of Palliative Care Dept Oncology Shaare Zedek Medical Centre Jerusalem ISRAEL

Jacob Pe'er, M.D. Professor and Chairman Department of Ophthalmology Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center Jerusalem, Israel

Avigdor Mandelberg, MD. Director, Pediatric Pulmonary Unit The Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Pediatrics The Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Affiliate with the Sackler school of medicine, Tel-Aviv University Israel.Holon 58100, ISRAEL

Prof. Lior Rosenberg, MD. Chairman of the Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery Soroka University Medical Center, The Ben Gurion University, Beer Sheva and Chairman of The Unit for Cleft Lip, Palate & Craniofacial Deformities Meir Hospital, Kfar Saba, Israel

Dr. Z. Davidovich, Clalit Health Services, Israel Joseph Faber, MD, Former (retired) Head, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem

Prof. Josef Elidan, Chairman, Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem

Dr Beloosesky Yichayaou, Head Geriatric Department, Rabin Medical Ceter Petach Tikva, Israel

Shay Pintov M.D – Israel

Paul Sagiv MD, MSc, Head, Hand Surgery Unit, Meir Medical Center Kfar Saba, Israel

Segal Karl, M.D.Deputy Head Dept. of Otolaryngology @ Head and Neck Surgery, RABIN MEDICAL CENTER, Israel

Meyer Lifschitz M.D. , Adult Nephrologist, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem and Professor Emeritus, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Texas USA

Daniel Landau, MD, Director, Pediatrics Department A, Head, Pediatric Nephrology Unit, Soroka university Medical Center, Beer Sheva, 84101, Israel Prof. Gershon Holcberg, Soroka University Medical Center, Israel

Dr Ellenbogen Adrian, Director, IVF Unit, Hillel Yaffe Medical Centre, Hadera ISRAEL

Dr. Zeev Goldik, Head of Post Anaesthesia Care Unit Lady Davis Carmel Medical Centre, Haifa- Israel Galia Barkai MD, Pediatric Dept., Soroka University Medical Center, Beer- Sheva

Dr. Juza Chen, Urology Dept, Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv

Dr Anthony S. Luder MB BS., MRCP(UK), Director Paediatrics and Genetics, Ziv Medical Centre, Safed

Zvi Borochowitz, MD, Professor of Pediatrics and Medical Genetics Director, The Simon Winter Institute for Human Genetics, Bnai-Zion Medical Center, Technion-Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Haifa

Dr B Rapoport , Maccabi HMO and Dept of Family Medicine , Tel-Aviv University

Edgar Pick, M.D.,Ph.D, Professor Director, the Julius Friedrich Cohnheim - Minerva Center for Phagocyte Research Head, the Ela Kodesz Institute of Host Defense against Infectious Diseases Incumbent, the Roberts-Guthman Chair in Immunopharmacology Sackler School of Medicine Tel Aviv University Tel Aviv 69978, Israel

Ze'ev Shenkman, MD Pediatric Anesthesiologist Department of Anesthesiology C Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Ramat Gan, Israel

Dr M Wisnovitz, Specialist Family Physician, Maccabi Health Services, Eilat

Avraham Rivkind , M.D., Head, Dept. of General Surgery & Shock Trauma Unit Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel Isac Bloch M.D., HaEmek Medical Center, Head and Neck Surgery, Afula, Israel

Noam Goldstein, M.D., Head, Pulmonary Disease Unit And Regional Tuberculosis Center,Naharia Hospital, Naharia, Israel

Dr. Miriam A. Hahn, Israel

Batia Weiss, MD, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Safra Children's Hospital, Tel Hashomer, and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel- Aviv

Dr. Shmuel Anderman, Director, Division of Gynecological Surgery & Endoscopy, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Israel

Francis Salamon M.D.Vice-chief Department of Medicine D'Beilinson Campus Rabin Medical Center, Israel

Ron Rabinowitz,MD, Director ultrasound unit, OBGYN, Shaare Zedek Med Center, Jerusalem abraham greenberg, md, faap, developmental pediatrics, Israel

Dr. Joseph Berger, Kiryat Bialik Israel

Prof. Rafael Bruck, Dept. of Gastroenterology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Marion Sztern M.D, Emergency Medicine Dept Head, Meir Medical Center Kfar Saba Israel

Dr. Wanda Reichstein Gonda, Vice President of the Brazilian IMA Chapter

Dr. Simon Nadel, Consultant in Paediatric Intensive Care, St Mary's Hospital, London, UK

Danuta Wasserman Professor MD PhD

Jerzy Wasserman Professor MD. PhD. Ralph Rosenberg MAssistant, Assistant Professor of Medicine, University of Connecticut, USA

Professor Michael Baum ChM, FRCS, MD, FRCR Hon. Professor emeritus of Surgery and visiting professor of medical humanities University College London, The Portland Hospital, London, UK

David Reifler, MD, Clinical Professor of Surgery/Ophthalmology, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA

Ronny Meier, M.D., FACOG, Teaneck New Jersey, USA, (OB_GYN)

Efrat Meier-Ginsberg, FACOG, Bergenfield, New Jersey, USA, (OB GYN)

Howard Goodman, M.D., New-York, N.Y. USA, (Orthopedist)

Karen Goodman, M.D., New-York, N.Y., USA, (Pediatrician)

Michael C. Lewis MD, Associate Professor, Clinical Anesthesiology Program Director, Anesthesiology Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, USA

Dr. A van der Spek, Radiologist NP, Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Amsterdam

Julian Jacobs, MD,FACP Emeritus Professor of Medicine,Emory University School of Medicine,Atlanta,Ga., USA

Bernd Wollschlaeger,MD,FAAFP-Family Physician&Addiction Specialist, President of the Florida Society of Addiction Medicine& President- Elect of the Dade County Medical Association, Miami,Florida,USA

Michael Willen, MD, FACP, New York Oncology Hematology, Latham, NY, USA

Dr Daniel Mann-Segal, Family Physician, Melbourne Australia

Dr. Cleve Ziegler, MD, FRCS(C), CSPQ, Obstetrics & Gynecology The Sir Mortimer B. Davis - Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Canada

Dr. Stuart L. Fischman, Professor Emeritus, Faculty of Health Sciences State University of NY at Buffalo, USA

Dr. Alan D. Shroot, Immediate Past President of the Australasian Jewish Medical Federation

Steven Kirshblum MD, Medical Director, Director of Spinal Cord Injury Program Kessler Institute for Rehabilitation, 1199 Pleasant Valley Way, West Orange, NJ, USA

Rachel Falk, MB.MS. FRANZCP. Consultant psychiatrist, Fellow of the Royal Australian and NZ College of Psychiatrists; Member, International Psychoanalytical Association, Australia

Franklin D. Friedman, MD, MS, FACEP, Director of Emergency Clinical Operations Tufts-New England Medical Center, Boston MA, USA

Dr Brent Rubin, Coastal Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, Bradenton Florida USA

Yale Shulman, MD, Clinical Associate Professor of Urology, New York University School of Medicine, USA

Professor Aviad Haramati, Departments of Physiology & Biophysics and Medicine Georgetown University School of Medicine Washington, DC, USA

Michael Aschner, PhD, Gray E. B. Stahlman Chair of Neuroscience, Department of Pediatrics Medical Center North Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232-2495, USA

Sam Schulman, MD, Professor of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton ON, Canada

David H. Shmerling, emer. Professor of Paediatric Gastroenterology, University of Zürich, Switzerland Julinho Aisen, MD, Phd. Clinic Hospital University of Sao Paulo, Brasil

Dr Michael Denman, Consultant Clinical Immunologist, Northwick Park Hospital, Harrow UK

Adam Ilicki, MD, PhD, Senior Pediatrician, Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital Stockholm, Sweden

Jacques Brotchi, MD, PhD, President of the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies Professor & Chairman, Department of Neurosurgery, Erasme Hospital, Université libre de Bruxelles, 808, Route de Lennik, B-1070 Brussels, Belgium

Joel Sadavoy MD, FRCP, Professor of Psychiatry University of Toronto Family Chair in Applied General Psychiatry Mount Sinai Hospital and University of Toronto, Head geriatric Psychiatry, Mount Sinai Hospital, Head Community Psychiatry Mount Sinai Hospital, Montreal, Canada

Dr Cohen Herman, Head Department, Pediatric Ambulatory Clinic, Petah- Tikva,Israel

Alan Goldsmith, Ph.D., President, Jewish Renaissance Medical Center Jewish Renaissance Foundation, Perth Amboy, NJ 08861, USA

Dr. Michael Gordon, Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto, Canada

Lawrence Skolnick, MD, MPH, FAAP, Associate Professor of Clinicl Pediatrics UMDNJ-NJ School of Medicine, USA

William Cooper MD Neurologist, Indianapolis Indiana

Bernard Freudenthal: Year 3 medical student, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, London, UK

Gabriella Cohn Cedermark MD,PhD, Ass Prof., Dept of Oncology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden

Dr Michael Cohen MB,ChB, MPH, USA

Dr Deborah Radomsky MBBS, London Dr. A.Bochner, Pediatric Department, Queen Paola Hospital Antwerp Belgium

Dr Anthony Nicholls MB BS MRCP(UK) MRCGP, Principle, The Pinn Medical Centre Middlesex, UK

Helena Kazarina, psychiatrist & psychotherapist, Soderkliniken, Malmoe, Sweden

Neil L. Davis, M.D., Depts. Of Pathology, Saint Barnabas Medical Center, Livingston, New Jersey and Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New York, USA

Prim. Dr. Hava Eva Bugajer-Gleitman, Chief of Medicine of the Helia Clinic for Physical Therapy, Vienna, Austria

Michael H. Davidson M.D,. F. A. C. C., Clinical Professor, Director of Preventive Cardiology University of Chicago, USA

Prof. Bianca Bassi- Department of Pediatric and Adolescence Science - Division of Child Neuropsychiatry - Chief of Rehabilitation Center - University of Turin (Italy) Regina Margherita Children Hospital, Italy

William R. Stern, M.D., Associates in Gastroenterology, Silver Spring, USA

Dr. Enrique Frajewicki. Former Professor of Internal Medicine. Buenos Aires, Argentina

Ruggero Raccah M.D.,specialist in psychiatry, 00198 Rome Italy Dr Peter Revesz, Södra Vägen 23, 411 35 Göteborg, Sweden Dr. George M.Weisz, Sydney, Australia

Eli Avisar M.D., F.A.C.S.; Assistant Professor of Surgery, Surgical Oncology Division, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami; Medical Director, Taylor Breast Health Center. – Miami FL, USA

Ass.Prof.Dr. Alex Friedmann, Vienna University Hospital, Austria

Rob Friedland, MD, Professor, Dept. of Neurology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland Ohio 44106-4962, USA

Dr. Henry Anhalt, NJ, USA

T.M. Erwteman, M.D., Ph.D., Amsterdam, Holland

PANAGIOTIS TSIRIGOTIS, MD, PhD, 2ND DEPARTMENT OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS, ATTIKON GENERAL UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL, ATHENS, GREECE

Doctor M Zerbib, Full Professor of Urology and Surgery Descartes University, Paris, France

Mariavittoria Hana Pitzalis, MD, PhD, FACC, FESC Professor of Medicine, Director of Heart Failure Program Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology,The Brody School of Medicine East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27834, USA

Dr. Alberto Tedeschi, Allergy and Clinical Immunology Unit, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli & Regina Elena, Milano, Italy

Dr Michael Zloczower. Dermatologist in 2340 Mödling, Austria

Iakov MOLAYEM, MD, Policlinico Umberto I – Università degli studi di Roma “La Sapienza”, Italy

Moshe Rubin, M.D. Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons New York, NY USA

Judith Issroff M.B. B.Ch, D.P.M., M.R.C.Psych, M. Inst. Psychoanalist currently London NW3 2PJ & Maoz Zion- Mevasseret Zion, Jerusalem

Paul S. Appelbaum, MD Elizabeth K. Dollard Professor of Psychiatry, Medicine and Law Director, Division of Psychiatry, Law and Ethics Department of Psychiatry Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, USA

Maurice Sandler, M.D., Ph.D., F.A.C.S. Former Professor of Urology, Upstate Medical Center SUNY, Former representative of all SUNY Medical school faculty to the Governor of New York, USA

Prof. Donatella Camerino, Department of Occupational Health University of Milan, Italy

Arthur S. Kunin, M.D., Professor Emeritus of Medicine, College of Medicine, The University of Vermont, Burlington , VT., USA

William Schecter, MD, Professor of Clinical Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, Chief of Surgery, San Francisco General Hospital, USA

Dr Jacob Boon, Consultant Anaesthetist, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Australia

Andrea Finzi, MD, Cardiologist, Dept. of Cardiology - Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Mangiagalli Regina Elena Milan - Italy Chair of the Northern Italy branch of the Italian Jewish Medical Association

Dr Deanne Mannelid MD, specialist in psychiatry, Head of staff Psychiatric Center West Stockholm, Sweden

Yaron Flicker, mbbs Melbourne Australia , member of AJMF

Alexander Gonn, MD Specialist internal Medicine Arkadens Läkarmottagning, Malmö, Sweden

Dr Bryan Lashansky, Consultant Anaesthetist, Royal Melbourne Hospital Melbourne, Australia

L. Ron van der Wieken MD, Interventional cardiologist, Amsterdam

Ronald H. Berman, M.D., San Pablo, CA 94806, USA

Dr John Grabinar BM, BCh, MRCGP locum General Practitioner, Lewisham Primary Care Trust, London, UK

Med.Rat Dr.Thomas NEUFELD obstetrician & gynaecologist Affiliated to Privatklinik Döbling Vienna Consultant to general public hospital Klosterneuburg, Austria

Dr Leah Kaminsky mbbs,ba, Principal, Elwood family clinic, Melbourne, Australia

David Sacerdoti, Associate Professor of Internal Medicine, University of Padova, Italy

Josef Zorski MD ; GP ,Göteborg,Sweden

Univ. Prof. Dr. Paul Haber, Klinik für Innere Medizin II, Medizinische Universität Wien, Vienna Austria

Harvey A. Risch, MD, PhD, Professor of Epidemiology, Yale University School of Medicine New Haven, Connecticut, USA

Dr Patrick Stafler, Paediatric Department, Royal London Hospital, UK

Anders Holtz, Ass Professor, MD, Phd, Department of Neuroscience Neurosurgery Akademika Sjukhuset, 75185 Uppsala, Sweden Mr. Julien Ginsberg FRCSEd. FCS[SA] Orth. FRACS Orth. Conjoint Lecturer UNSW. St. George Private Hospital, Kogarah, SYDNEY. AUSTRALIA

Professor Dr Simon Panzer, Department for Blood Group Serology and Transfusion Medicine, Medical University Vienna, Austria

Jesse Jupiter M.D., Massachusetts General Hospital Boston USA

Prof. Kenneth Thau MD – Professor of Psychiatry – Medical University Vienna Dpt. of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Austria

Dr Susan Kloot, Melbourne, Australia

Michael Abramson, Professor of Clinical Epidemiology, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

Andrew Forbes, PhD, Associate Professor Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine Monash University Australia

Dr Darrilyn Greenberg, Bankstown-Lidcombe Hospital, Sydney, Australia

Mark Steiner, ophthalmologist, editor , AJMF. eye and ear hospital Melbourne Australia

Professor Frank Oberklaid Director, Centre for Community Child Health, University of Melbourne Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville Victoria, Australia

Professor Robert Brown, M.D., Johns Hopkins Medical Institution, Baltimore, MD, USA

Dr Judy Carman, Melbourne, Australia

Dr Perry Burstin, Private Practice, Australia

Dr Caroline Marshall, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Australia

Dr Michael Levick M.B.B.S Member - Australian Medical Association Director - Northern Division of General Practice - Melbourne Australia

Daniel Bensky, DO, Chiron Health Associates, Oriental & Osteopathic Medicine Seattle, WA, USA

Shyrla Pakula, MB BS, Melbourne Australia

Dr Hans Atterhem, Medlem av Svensk Förening för Estetisk Plastikkirurgi 90339 Umeå, Lidingö kliniken, 181 32 Lidingö, Sweden

Leonard A. Katz, MD -- Emeritus professor of medicine and Adjunct professor of Social and Preventive Medicine SUNY at Buffalo, USA

Arnold Felsenfeld, MD, Professor of Medicine, UCLA, USA

David M. Polaner, MD, FAAP, Associate Professor of Pediatric Anesthesiology The Children's Hospital and University of Colorado School of Medicine Denver, CO, USA

Avron Daniller MD FACS, FRCS Clinical Prof. Plastic Surgery USC, England.

Warren D. Widmann, MD, Associate Clinical Professor of Surgery Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons New York, New York, USA

David L. Kaye, M.D., Professor of Clinical Psychiatry Director of Training in Child/Adol. Psychiatry SUNY at Buffalo School of Medicine The Childrens' Psychiatry Clinic Millard Fillmore Hospital Buffalo, N.Y., USA

Alan E. Geller, MD, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA USA

David E. Fisher MD, PhD, Director, Melanoma Program Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Professor, Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Harvard Medical School Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Childrens Hospital Boston Boston, MA, USA

Mitchell F. Berman, MD, MPH, Associate Professor of Clinical Anesthesiology Columbia University, New York, NY, USA

Daniel Kordansky,MD West Hartford, CT USA

Jonathan David, MD, FACP, FACG Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine Columbia University College of P&S, USA

Michael E. Goldberg, M.D. David Mahoney Professor of Brain and Behavior in the Departments of Neurology, Psychiatry, and the Center for Neurobiology and Behavior. Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons New York, NY 10032, USA

Henry Ekert, MD. FRACP ( Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians ) Haematology and Oncology, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Member of Australian Medical Assocoiation

Claire Fung MD, Newton, MA USA

Dr Jonathan Lipshutz, Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne, Australia

Jonathan L. Nelson, M.D., F.A.A.D. Rye, New York, USA

Tony Korman, Director, Infectious Diseases, Southern Health, Clayton VIC 3168 Australia

Mark Lebwohl, MD, Chairman, Department of Dermatology, The Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA

Dr. Ronit Zweig, PsyD, CBT, Psychologist, NY, USA

Marc B. Hertz, DDS, MD – Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, NY, USA

Milton Alter MD PhD is Clinical Professor of Neurology at Drexel University School of Medicine, Philadelphia PA, USA

Dr Sharon Woolf MBBS [Monash],FRACGP, Glen Iris 3146,Victoria, Australia

Kevin B. Kulick, M.D.,Dermatologist, Buffalo, New York, USA

Chaim Charytan, M.D., FACP, Chief Renal Division NY Hospital Medical Center of Queens, Clinical Professor of Medicine Cornell University College of Medicine Flushing, NY 11355, USA

Robert N. Taub MD PhD FACP Vivian and Seymour Milstein Family Professor of Clinical Medicine Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons New York, NY 10032, USA

Dr Leon Massage, Melbourne, Australia

Marcel Goodman FRCS FRCSE FRACS Senior Vascular Surgeon and Clinical Lecturer in Surgery, Sir Charles Gairdener, Mount and St John of God Hospitals Perth, West Australia

Professor Rachelle Buchbinder, Director Monash Department of Clinical Epidemiology at Cabrini Hospital; Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University; Joint Coordinating Editor, Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group,Australia

Dr David Slonim Mt Waverley Clinic 16 Alexander st Mt Waverley Australia

Jack Greenberg MD, Clinical Professor of Neurology, Drexel Medical School, Philadelphia, Pa. 19106, USA

N Serman BDS DDS MS (Rad) FACD FIADMFR Professor and Head [Retired], Division of Oral Radiology Columbia University, City of New York, USA

Dr. Victor Kelmann, Australia

Marvin Packer, M.D., Newton, Ma 02459, USA

Dr Adam Feldman, Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Peter McCallum Cancer Centre Melbourne Australia

F. Carl Grumet MD, Professor of Pathology, emeritus, Stanford University, USA

henry kaminer md, new york city, USA

Bruce Raphael MD Clinical Professor of Medicine, NYU Medical School. New York City, USA

Harvey Arbesman, MD, MS University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, USA

Joseph Carl Bass, M.D. 1966 University of vermont College of medicine Associated Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialists, Inc., Jupiter, Florida, USA

Peter F. Wohlauer, M.D, member of the New England Medical Society and the American Medical Association, USA

Aaron Manson, MD, Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine Columbia University, New York, USA

Dr. Larry Light, General Practice & Allergy Middle Park, Melbourne, Australia

Jack Greenberg MD, Clinical Professor of Neurology, Drexel Medical School, Philadelphia, Pa. 19106, USA

shoshana borowski, final year student, monash university, melbourne, Australia

Nina Ekeroth, MD, Sweden

dr thierry boukris, to support your answer under the label of Australasian Jewish Medical Federation,

Zoe Moatti, 5th year Medical student, University of Nottingham, UK

Daniel Huberman MD, Läkarhuset Ellenbogen, Malmoe, Sweden

emanuel goldberg md attending cardiologist beth israel med center nyc associate clinical professor of medicine albert einstein coll of med, USA

Catarina Rabbie Dolsten, MD, NY, USA

Zvi G Wirschubsky MD. Ph.D, Medical chief editor, Stockholm, Sweden

Lewis Chamoy, M.D., President, Hand Surgery Ltd. Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA

Mikael Hirschberg, undergraduate student in Medicine, the Karolinska Institute in Stochkolm, Sweden

Gabe Vorobiof, M.D., Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA

Keith Highiet, University of California, Irvine, Modesto CA, USA

Professor Ashley Grossman, Dept. of Endocrinology St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London EC1A 7BE Great Britain

Dr Raymond Schwartz; Neurologist and Geriatrician; VMO St. George Hospital, Sydney. Australia

Dr Marcus Hirschfield, Corporate Occupational Physician, Melbourne Australia

Robert M. Epstein, M.D. Professor Emeritus of Anesthesiology University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA

Arthur S. Kunin, M.D., Emeritus Professor of Medicine, College of Medicine,The University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, USA

Ralph Rabkin, MD Emeritus Professor Medicine/Nephrology Stanford University Nephrology Section,VAPAHCS Palo Alto,California 94304, USA

DR DANIEL A VOROBIOF, Director, Sandton Oncology Centre, Johannesburg, South Africa Donald P. Levine, M.D. Chief, Division of General Internal Medicine Wayne State University University Health Center Detroit, Michigan USA

Avi Whiteman, MD, MPH, FCPC, FACOEM, FCBOM Assistant Professor, Family Medicine Maimonides Hospital, Montreal, Canada McGill University Hospital Center, Montreal, Canada

Prof.dr.L.Kater, University Medical Center, Utrecht ,the Netherlands

Ira Zackon, M.D.Albany, New York, USA

Jack Salem, Los Angeles, CA

dr. elisabeth pittermann , head of the 3rd medical dep. of hanuschhospital ( social assurance ) , vienna , austria

Andrew R. Marks, M.D., Professor and Chair, Department of Physiology and Cellular Biophysics, Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA

Aaron E. Glatt, MD, FACP, FIDSA, FSHEA President & Chief Medical Officer, Professor of Clinical Medicine New Island Hospital, Bethpage, NY 11714, USA

Harold S Solomon, MD, Assocýate lýnýcal Professor, Harvard Medýcal School, USA

Dr Giorgio MORTARA, Preident, IMA World Fellowship (AME), Italy

Dmitry Portnoy, M.D., Associate Professor, Anesthesiology, University of Texas, Galveston, USA Medical Director, Anesthesia Support Services

Janet Rubin MD, Professor of Medicine Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of North Carolina @ Chapel Hill USA

Myles Akabas, M.D., Ph.D.

Professor of Physiology and Biophysics, of Neuroscience and of Medicine Director, Medical Scientist Training Program Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University Bronx, NY 10461 USA

Professor Leon Bach, MB BS, PhD, FRACP Department of Medicine, Monash University Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne 3004, Australia

David Siegel MD, MPH, FACP, FAHA Chief of Medicne, VA Northern California Health Care System Professor and Vice Chair, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine University of California, Davis, USA

Joseph M. Merrick, Professor Emeritus State University of New York at Buffalo, Department of Microbiology School of Medicine and Biological Sciences Buffalo, New York,14221 USA

Dr. Guy R. Rosenschein, MD, FACS, Ass. Prof. (clin) UAMS. Springdale, AR 72765 USA

Robert H. Seller, MD, FACP, emeritus professor of Medicine and Family Medicine, Medical School of the State University of New York, USA

Kenneth H. Norwich MD, PhD, Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto, Canada

Pedram Bral, M.D. F.A.C.O.G Director of Minimally Invasive and Robotic Gynecological Surgery, Maimonides Medical Center, USA Dr. Gerhard Falk, Professor of Sociology, Buffalo, USA

Michael Alper MD, Medical Director Boston IVF Associate Clinical Professor OBGYN, Harvard Medical School, Boston MA USA

Philip Lempert, MD, Ithaca, NY, USA

Stuart M. Sprague, D.O., Chief, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension Professor of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine Evanston Northwestern Healthcare, Evanston, Illinois 60201 USA

Joe Trager MD, Markham Ontario, Canada

Steven M. Albert, PhD, MSPH, Professor of Behavioral & Community Health Sciences Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261 USA

Roslyn Seligman, M.D. University of Cincinnati, USA

Dr. Gary Greenstein, MD, FACOG, ObGyn, USA

Dr. Kenny Livingstone, Manchester Royal Infirmary, UK

Edward H. Kaplan, Ph.D. William N. and Marie A. Beach Professor of Management Sciences Professor of Public Health, Professor of Engineering Yale School of Management, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8200 USA

Prof. Germán Sierra Paredes M.D., Ph.D., Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Medical School, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain David Barth MD FRCPC Clinical Hematology and Hematopathology Director Therapeutic Apheresis Program, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Canada

Gary B. Ostrower, Ph.D., Prof. of History, Alfred University, Alfred, NY USA

Dr Andrew Gal B.Sc.(Med.), M.B.BS., F.R.C.P.A. Sydney. Australia

Dr Gary Leber, FRACS, FRANZCO, FRCOphth, Senior Consultant Ophthalmologist, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, and Peter MacCallum Cancer Institute, Melbourne, Australia

Dr Neil Ginsberg MMed (Paeds) FRACP, Paediatrician, Sydney Australia

Eric Garver MD Bridgeport Ct. USA

George Flesh, MD, Assistant Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology Harvard Medical School, USA

Mr Eduard Pudel MBBS FRACS (ORL HNS), Dublin, Republic of Ireland

Selwyn Oskowitz; Assistant Professor, Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston. USA

Professor MB Pepys FRS FMedSci Head, Department of Medicine, Hampstead Campus Director, Centre for Amyloidosis & Acute Phase Proteins Royal Free & University College Medical School University College London, UK

Matthew Shuster MD Harvard Vanguard Medical Associates, West Roxbury, Massachusetts, USA

Dr. Ronnie Ptasznik MBBS FRANZCR Director of Ultrasound, Monash Medical Centre & Southern Health Honorary Senior Lecturer, Department of Medicine / Health Sciences Monash University, Australia

Dr Arnold Shmerling, General practitioner, Melbourne, Australia

Dr. Max Kupershmidt, Melbourne, Australia

Janio Szklaruk, Ph.D, M.D. Associate Professor of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, USA

Ayal Schaffer, MD, FRCPC Head, Mood Disorders Program Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry University of Toronto, ON, M4N 3M5, Canada

Dr Olivier Harari MA PhD MRCP Consultant Rheumatologist & Honorary Senior Lecurer Imperial College London Faculty of Medicine Hammersmith Hospital London W12 0HS UK

Alan Naftalin FRCOG Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist Newham University Hospital NHS Trust, London, UK

Dr Annie CHALFINE, MD MPH, Head, Hospital Infection Control Unit, centre hospitalier Paris-Saint Joseph, Paris 75674, France

Alain J Gelibter, MD, Oncologist, Rome, Italy

Dr. Eli Kotler, cardiology, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia

DR Leon Slonim,7 Lempriere Ave, East St Kilda 3183 Australia

Dr Cecil Reid FRCP, FRCPath Consultant Haematologist, Northwick Park Hospital, Harrow, UK

Prof. Jean Claude GLUCKMAN Pierre et Marie Curie Medical School Paris, FRANCE

M.D Beatrice Sommerfeld, dermatolog Danavägen 7B, 18131 Lidingö, Sweden

Dr Adrian Dabscheck Palliative Care Consultant, Western Health, Melbourne Australia

Dr. Ronald Sweet, President of the Australian Jewish Medical Federation

Dr Stanislaw Rodau, Stockholm

Jonas Tovi, MD GP PhD Boo health care centre, Saltsjo-Boo, Sweden

Charles J. Hyman, MD, FAAP Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, LLU, Redlands, Ca., USA

Dr.Hugo Gold,FRACP,MRCP.,Chairman,Clinical Ethics Service,Chairman,Clinical Advisory Board,Royal Childrens Hospital,Melbourne,Australia

Dr Michael Rich, Dermatologist, Melbourne Australia

Prof Mike Dorevitch, Director of Medical Services, Bundoora Extended Care Centre, Melbourne AUSTRALIA

Michael J. Daly, M.D. Retired Nuclear Medicine/Internal Medicine Specialist 24130 S Newkirchner Rd Oregon City, OR, 97045 USA

Barry Blum, MD, Kailua-Kona, HI 96740, USA

Josh Szental, Medical Student, Monash University, Australia

David Lewis FRCSEd, MRCGP GP, Watford, UK

Dr Jeremy Rees is at University College London Hospital NHS Trust, UK

Dr Joanna Rees is at Chalkhill Health Centre, London, UK

Dr. Andrew Jakobovits. MBBS. MRCP.FRACP, Melbourne, Australia

Dr. Shay Zayontz, Orthopaedic Surgeon, Cabrini Medical Centre, Melbourne, Australia

Dr. Anna Davis, Consultant Radiologist, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia

Dr Daniel Lewis, Rheumatologist, Melbourne Australia

Dr Marcel Zimmet, Paediatric Registrar, Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Australia Joe l Freeman M.B.B.S. F.R.A.C.P. Consultant Paediatrician, Knox Hospital, Melbourne, Australia

DR MICHAEL POLKE IMA; AUSTRALIAN JEWISH MEDICAL FEDERATION, ORTHOPAEDIC SURGEON

Michael P Ehrenhaus, MD, Director Cornea, External Disease & Refractive Surgery Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, USA

Dr Helen Fisher MBBS, Melbourne, Australia

Dr. Stephen Kleid MB,BS FRACS, Ear Nose & Throat / Head & Neck Surgeon Sino-Nasal & Rhinoplasty, Snoring Surgery, Masada Med Centre, Vic, AUSTRALIA 3183

Shonni J. Silverberg, M.D., Professor of Clinical Medicine Division of Endocrinology & Metabolism, Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons New York, NY 10032, USA

KENNETH A. ALTMAN M.D. J. D. INT.MED./GI. COLLEGE OF P. &S. COLUMBIA UNIV. NYC, USA

Dr Darren Katz, (MBBS) Melbourne Australia Wallace B. Lehman M.D.F.A.C.S. Hospital for Joint Diseases Center for Children Director New York Ponseti Clubfoot Center Professor of Orthopedic Surgery NYU/HJD Medical Center New York,N.Y. 10003 USA

Edward S. Linn, M.D. Chairman, Department of Ob/Gyn, Director, Women's Health Sevices Rush North Shore Medical Center, Skokie, Illinois, USA

Darryl Hoffman MD FRCS, Attending Cardiac Surgeon Beth Israel Medical Center, New York NY USA

Donna Shelley, MD, MPH Department Sociomedical Sciences, Columbia University Mailman School Public Health, New York, NY 10032, USA

Marvin Koss, M.D., D.F.A.P.A., Associate Professor, Dept. of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, SUNY Upstate Medical University, USA

Samuel F Berkovic, AM MD FAA FRACP Professor of Medicine (Neurology), University of Melbourne, Epilepsy Research Centre, Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital, Austin Health VIC 3081, Australia

Howard Trachtman MD, Schneider Children's Hospital, New Hyde Patk NY, USA

Avram R. Gold, MD, Associate Prof. of Medicine Medical Director, Stony Brook University Sleep Disorders Center Stony Brook, New York, USA

Adam Albert, Final year medical student, University of Manchester, UK

Linda Granowetter M.D. Columbia University Medical Center- New York New York Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York-Presbyterian Clinical Director Division of Pediatric Oncology, Medical Director Oncology-Hematology and Stem Cell, USA

Jill S. Menell, MD, Chief, Pediatric Hematology/Oncology St. Joseph's Children's Hospital, Paterson, NJ 07503 USA

Bryan D.Myers,MD,Professor o f Medicine(active emeritus) Stanford University, California,U.S.A.

Matthew Lorber M.D., SUNY Upstate University Hospital, Syracuse, USA

Edward M. Ornitz, M.D., Professor of Psychiatry Department of Psychiatry, Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles California, USA

Robert R. Goodman, M.D., Ph.D. Associate Professor, Department of Neurological Surgery Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons New York, N.Y. 10032 USA

Evan Shereck, MD, Pediatric Hematology/Oncology , Columbia University, USA

George J. Siegel, MD Emeritus Professor of Neurology and Cell Biology, Neurobiology & Anatomy, Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine, Chicago, IL Consulting Neurologist, Director of Multiple Sclerosis Clinic,Edward Hines, Jr.VA Hospital, Hines, IL Editor-in-Chief, Basic Neurochemistry

Charles J. Hyman, MD, FAAP, Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, LLU Redlands, Ca, USA Michael Wechsler M.D. F.A.C.S. Columbia University, Associate Professor of Clinical Urology, USA

Dr Simon Wiseman, General Practitioner, London UK

Dr Robin Woolfson MD FRCP Clinical Director for Nephrology & Transplantation, Royal Free Hospital, London, UK

Dr. Georgina Wechsler, 40474 Düsseldorf Germany

Eugene H. Kaplan, M.D., D.L.F.A.P.A. Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Neuropsychiatry & Behavioral Science U. of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC 29203 USA

Dr. Rimoczi, D-42489 Wülfrath, Germany

Perry Cooper MD FRCP(C), Dept. of Medical Imaging (Neuroradiology), Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre University of Toronto Canada

Kathy L. Ales, MD, FACP Princeton, NJ, USA

Dr Ruth Schneier, Australia

Dr Zalman Rosenblum, Australia

Carolyn Fein Levy, MD Attending, Pediatric Hematology/Oncology The Brooklyn Hospital Center Brooklyn, NY 11201 USA

Edith Diament Gurewitsch, M.D. Assistant Professor of Gynecology & Obstetrics Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine 600 North Wolfe Street, Phipps 217 Baltimore, Maryland 21287 USA

Prof. Dr. Peter Fritsch, chairman of the department of dermatology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Austria

Ass. Prof. Dr. Esther Fritsch, retired deputy chairman of the department of radio oncology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Austria

Dr. med. Alexander NASS Arzt für Neurologie und Psychiatrie, Psychotherapie; Dellbrücker Hauptstraße 90, 51069 Köln, Germany

Peter Enten MBBS, FRACGP, Melbourne, Australia

Dr.med.Maria Leuschner, Internist, Hepatologist, Psychotherapist, Herrnstr.51, 63605 Offenbach, Germany

Judith Livingston University of Leeds Medical Student, UK

Dr Romi Janovic, Melbourne Australia

Dr Michael Peters, GP- London, UK

Dr David Hoadley AJMF - NZ President General Practitioner Sen Lecturer, University of Auckland

Henri Goldstein Head of Department, M.D., D.Sc. President of the Federation of Danish-Jewish Physicians

Dr. med. Dipl. Psych. Alex Gillor, Childrens' Hospital of the city of Cologne, Pediatric Cardiology, Germany

Dr Wayne Lemish Director of Radiology, Freemason Medical Center, Melbourne, Australia

Arthur Safran M.D. Assistant Professor of Neurology Tufts University Chairman, Ethics and Grievance Committee Massachusetts Medical Society, USA

Nicholas J Naftalin OBE FRCOG Emeritus Consultant in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, London, UK

Hilary Livingston, Consultant Psychiatrist, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Paisley, Scotland

Sergio Seibel, MD, PhD. Psychiatrist. University of Sao Paulo – School of Medicine, Brazil. President of the Brazilian Chapter of IMA

Dr Zalman Rosenblum, Elsternwick Medical Centre, Melbourne Australia

Dr Ruth Schneier, Elsternwick Medical Centre, Melbourne Australia

Dr Adam Gordon MBBS FRACP, Australia

Dr Michelle Gordon MBBS FRACP, Australia

Dean H. Kedes, MD, PhD, Department of Medicine, University of Virginia, USA

Dr.Klara Reder-Shemaryahu, Germany

Gary Kupfer, Associate Professor, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA

Dr. Horst Sabiers, Surgeon, Municipal Hospital Cologne Germany Krankenhaus Holweide

Dr. Assaf ZELTZER, M.D., Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Belgium

Dr Martin Livingston MD FRCPsych Consultant Psychiatrist and Honorary Senior Clinical Lecturer, Department of Psychiatry, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow G51 4TF, United Kingdom

Prof Mois Bahar MD, Istanbul University, Cerrahpaþa Medical Faculty Chairman, Dept. Anaesthesiology & Intensive Care, Turkey

Dr. Claudio Cosman, CAAMI (Capitulo Argentino de la Asociacion Medica Israeli), Buenos Aires, Argentina Lee B. Sacks, M.D. Executive Vice President, Chief Medical Officer

Wendy S. Rubinstein, MD, PhD, FACMG, FACP Medical Director Evanston Northwestern Healthcare Center for Medical Genetics Assistant Professor of Medicine Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, USA

Harold A. Kessler, M.D. Professor of Medicine and Immunology/Microbiology Associate Director, Section of Infectious Diseases Associate Dean, Post-Graduate Medical Education Director, Office of Continuing Medical Education Rush University Medical Center, USA

Vita J. Land, MD, MBA, USA

David Sales MD PhD FACG AGAF, USA

Richard J. Levy, M.D. , USA

Marc A. Rubenstein M.D. , USA

Larry Domont, M.D. , USA Frank Phillips Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery Rush University Medical Center Chicago, IL, USA

Ira Wolke, M.D., Ph.D. , USA

Richard A. Mintzer, M.D.,FACR, FCCP Clinical Professor of Radiology Northwestern Univ. Medical School President and CEO Medical Imaging of Northbrook Court, USA

Sami Weisberg, MD member, American Association of Pediatrics, USA

Raymond M Handler MD, USA

Arlene F Handler RN, USA

Matt Plofsky, MD, USA

Lawrence Feldman, M.D. , USA

Diane Mulvey Loewenstein MR1, J.D., MBA. , USA

Wayne M Goldstein MD, USA

Jay L. Goldstein, MD Professor of Medicine Vice Head for Clinical Affairs Department of Medicine University of Illinois at Chicago, USA

Dr. David J. Kushner, USA

Marla Mendleson Associate professor of Medicine and Pediatrics of the Northwestern
Feinberg School of Medicine, USA

Michael S. Pinzur, MD
Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Loyola University Medical Center, USA

Joel B. Greenman, MD, USA

Sheri Ross MD, USA

MICHAEL GROSSMAN M.D. , USA

Riley Minster, MD FAAP Lake Shore Pediatrics, Lake Forest, IL, USA

Edward S. Linn, M.D. Chairman, Dept of Ob-Gyn Rush North Shore Medical Center, USA

Julian M. Joffe MD Ian Cohen MD FACC Illinois Heart and Vascular Chief of Cardiology – Weiss Memorial Hospital Asst Prof of Med – Rush University Medical Center, USA

Robert Perlmuter MD, Chicago USA

Laura Sanders M.D. , Chicago USA

Linda Goldstein M.D. , Chicago USA

Nelson Kanter, MD, Chicago USA

Bruce Greenspahn M.D., Chicago USA

Scott Greenspahn M.D. , Chicago USA

Daniel P. Mass MD, Chicago USA

Stuart W. Rosenbush MD, Chicago USA

Bruce Brockstein, MD, Chicago USA

Laurie Hochberg, M.D. , Chicago USA

Susan Sirota, Chicago USA

Jeffrey Kopin, M.D. , Chicago USA

Burton Herbstman, M.D., Chicago USA

Michael Davidson, M.D. , Chicago USA

Dr Karina Stolyarsky, Melbourne, Australia

Dr Elizabeth Segal, Melbourne, Australia

Naomi Vilko, MD Psychiatry and Psychopharmacology Vilko Corporate Consulting, USA

Sidney Goldfarb, MD Urology, USA

David A. Turner, MD, FACR Professor and Chairperson Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine Rush University Medical Center 1653 W. Congress Parkway Chicago, IL 60612 USA

William L. Cantor, MD FAAO-HNS Assistant Clinical Professor of Otolaryngology, New York Medical College Associate Director Medical Education, Pascack Valley Hospital, Westwood, NJ 07675 USA

David P. Rapaport, MD, FACS, Plastic Surgeon, Director, Park Avenue OBS, 580 Park Avenue, New York, NY, USA

Pincas Bitterman, MD Professor and Director of Gynecologic Pathology Department of Pathology and Obstetrics & Gynecology Rush University Medical Center Chicago, Il 60612, USA

Melvin Lopata, MD Professor of Medicine University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, USA

Ross A. Abrams, M.D. Chairman & Hendrickson Professor Dept. of Radiation Oncology Rush Univ. Medical Center Chicago, IL. USA

S Michael Fuhrman DO, Delmar NY USA

Robert Szigeti, M.D., Ph. D., Dr. med Sc., Senior Lecturer Karolinska Institute and Hospital Dept. of Pediatrics, Stockholm, Sweden

Nelson M Wolf, MD, FACC, FACP Prof of Medicine, Director Cardiac Catheterization Laboratories, Temple Univ Hosp. Phila., Pa, USA

Dr. Ron Spielman, Psychiatrist and Psychoanalyst Paddington, NSW, Australia

Ronald Barabas, MD Assistant Clinical Professor Drexel University College of Medicine

Dr Keith B. Shilkin, Clinical Professor of Pathology, University of Western Australia Consultant Pathologist

Dr Ben King, Senior House Officer/Clinical Research Fellow, Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Trust, UK Jay D. Luft M.D., Section Chief ENT Christiana Care Wilmington Delaware, USA

Stephen A. Pearlman, MD Fellowship Director,Neonatology,TJUH Associate Director, Neonatology, CCHS Director of Medical Education, Pediatrics, CCHS, USA

Owen B White Neurologist Royal Melbourne Hospital Department of Neurosciences PARKVILLE 3050 AUSTRALIA Dr.Gregory Belkin, Australia

Sonia Kurtz MD, MSc, University of Toronto Faculty, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

John A Eisman AO, MB BS, PhD, FRACP Professor of Medicine (Conjoint), University of New South Wales; Staff Endocrinologist, St Vincent's Hospital; and Director, Bone and Mineral Research Program, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Sydney, NSW 2010 Australia

Lawrence W. White MD 26 La Cuesta Greenbrae CA 94904 USA

Viktoria Viprinski ,specialist in Neurology, Psychiatry, Psychotheraphy, Cologne, Germany

Monica Feder, MD Specialist in Medical Rehabilitation Stockholm, Sweden

Refael Guggenheim, MD, Zurich, Switzerland, Israel Medical Association (Switzerland)

Willy Krauthammer, MD, Zurich, Switzerland, President Israel Medical Association (Switzerland)

Sheldon B. Stern, Psy.D. New York State Licensed Psychologist, USA

Ms. Carly Leff, student at Barnard College, USA

Dr Leslie R. Segal Senior Lecturer Department of General Practice Monash University Melbourne, Australia

Jeffrey A. Ascherman, M.D. Associate Professor of Clinical Surgery, Chief, Division of Plastic Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons

Dr Alexander Freitag FRACP Consultant Physician in Private Practice, Sydney, Australia

Michael S. Huckman, MD, FACR Prof. of Radiology, Dir. Of Neuroradiology Rush University Medical Center,Chicago,IL USA

Associate Professor Adam Jaffe BSc (Hons) MD FRCP FRCPCH FRACP Consultant in Respiratory Medicine Sydney Children's Hospital and Conjoint Appointee School of Women's and Children's Health University of New South Wales High Street, Randwick Sydney NSW 2031 Australia

Dr David Itzkowic Gynaecologist, Bondi Junction, 2022 Australia

Monty Shnier. ( MBbCh.DCh.R.C.&S. FR.C.PE.,F.R.A.C.P) Paediatrician, Sydney Australia.

Dr Gil Kleiner Ear nose and Throat specialist Marrickville Australia

Gabriel Zipser MB BS (Sydney), FRCS (Eng), FRCS (Ed), FRCOG, FRACOG

Dr Garry Schaffer MBBS,FRANZCR Radioloigist, Sydney, Australia

Dr Peter Kitchener MB BS FRANZCR Director, CityXRAY Sydney Australia

Ronald Barabas, MD Assistant Clinical Professor Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19129 USA

Dr David Huber FRACS, Director of Vascular Surgery, Wollongong Hospital, Wollongong, NSW Australia

Jeffrey A. Arons MD, New Haven, CT USA

Arthur L. Frank MD,PhD, Professor of Public Health, Drexel University School of Public Health, Philadelphia,PA USA

Stephen A Morris, M.D. Asst Clinical Professor of Surgery College of Human Medicine Michigan State University, Saginaw, Michigan, USA

Elliott Greene, MD Associate Professor of Anesthesiology Albany Medical College Albany, New York, USA

Gary S. Mintz, MD. Medical Director, Publications and Online Education, Cardiovascualr Research Foundation, New York, NY, and Editor-in -Chief, TCTMD.com, USA

Dr Jeffrey Chaitow M.B.B.Ch.,FRACP , Australia

Dr. Gerald Dorros, MD, DSc (yeshiva), DSc (Colby), FACC, FESC, FACP Medical Director Dorros-Feuer Interventional Cardiovascular Disease Foundation, Ltd Wilson, Wyoming USA

Stuart CHalew, M.D. Professor of Pediatrics LSUHSC New Orleans, LA USA Dr Hazel Goldberg, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick St George Hospital, Kogarah and Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, Australia

Erik Magid, retired MD. DMSCI. Copenhagen, Denmark

Alan Fine, M.D. Boston University, USA

Harold J. Bursztajn M.D. co-Founder Program in Psychiatry and the Law @BIDMC of the Psychiatry Department of Harvard Medical School, USA

Cory S. Goldberg MD, BSc, MASc, FRCS(C) Plastic Surgery Fellow Children's Hospital of Los Angeles University of Southern California, USA

Peter L. Carlen MD, FRCPC Professor Departments of Medicine (Neurology), Physiology, and IBBME University of Toronto, Canada

Ierachmiel Daskal M.D., PhD, FCAP, FASCP Professor and Chairman Department of pathology Albert Einstein Medical Center Philadelphia PA 19141 USA

A. Michael Lincoff, MD Vice Chairman for Research, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine Director, Cleveland Clinic Cardiovascular Coordinating Center Professor of Medicine Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University The Cleveland Clinic Foundation Cleveland, OH 44195 USA

Elazer R. Edelman, MD, PhD, FACC Director, Harvard-MIT Biomedical Engineering Center Thomas D. and Virginia W. Cabot Professor Health Sciences and Technology Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, USA

Hyam I. Levitsky, M.D. Professor of Oncology, Medicine, and Urology Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, USA

Mark B. Effron, MD, Indianapolis, IN, USA

Achi Ludomirsky, M.D. The Louis Larrick Ward Professor of Pediatrics and Biomedical Engineering Director, Division of Pediatric Cardiology Washington University School of Medicine St. Louis Children's Hospital, USA

Terry Unterman, MD Professor of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, USA

Edith Diament Gurewitsch, M.D. Assistant Professor of Gynecology & Obstetrics Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine 600 North Wolfe Street, Phipps 217 Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA

David M. Briscoe M.D., Associate Professor, Harvard Medical School. Childrens Hospital Boston, USA

Igor Ed Krichevsky M.D. Norwalk Hospital Norwalk, CT USA

Jose Biller, M.D., FACP, FAAN, FAHA Professor and Chairman Department of Neurology Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine Maywood, IL 60153 USA

David R. Musher, MD FACP, FACG Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine NYU School of Medicine New York, NY 10029 USA

Josh Korman MD, FACS Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor Stanford University, USA

Asher Schachter, MD, MMSc, MS Division of Nephrology, Children's Hospital Boston Children's Hospital Informatics Program at Harvard-MIT Health Sciences and Technology Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, USA

Dr El Bèze Yves, cardiologist, Paris; France

Michael J. Schneck, MD Associate Professor of Neurology and Neurosurgery Director, NICU Associate Director, Stroke Unit Loyola University Medical Center 2160 South First Avenue Maywood, IL, USA

Dr. Chaim Bernstein Associate Medical Director Chief Pulmonary and Critical Care Beth Israel Medical Center Kings Highway Division Brooklyn, New York, USA

Daniel Jacobs, M.D. Mountain View, California, USA

Michael A Binder, MD Tampa, FL, USA

Avron Daniller. MD. FRCS, England

David berman MD Sterling, VA, USA

Elliot S. Gershon, MD Foundations Fund Professor of Psychiatry and Human Genetics University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 USA

Professor Gabriel Danovitch Medical Director of Kidney Transplant Program David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, USA

Sorin Brener MD Associate Professor of Medicine Cleveland Clinic, USA

A.Stone Freedberg MD Professor of Medicine(Emeritus) Harvard Medical School,Harvard University Boston Mass.,USA

Edward R. Burns, M.D. Executive Dean Professor of Medicine and Pathology Albert Einstein College of Medicine Bronx, NY 10461 USA

Adam J . Rubinstein, MD Turnberry Plastic Surgery Board Certified, American Board of Plastic Surgery Member, American Society of Plastic Surgeons, USA

Ari Melmed, MD Vice Chirman, Department of Emergency Medicine Exempla St. Joseph Hospital Denver, Colorado, USA

Dean E. Brenner, M.D. Kutsche Family Memorial Professor of Internal Medicine Professor of Pharmacology 2150 Cancer and Geriatrics Center University of Michigan Medical Center 1500 E. Hospital Drive Ann Arbor, MI, USA

Neal Lakritz MD Massachusetts Medical Society, Delegate, USA

Dr. Michael E. Matlak Professor of Surgery and Pediatrics, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA

Dafna D. Gladman MD, FRCPC Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto Senior Scientist, Toronto Western Research Institute University Health Network, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Bettina L. Fliegel MD, FAAP Assistant Clinical Professor, Pediatrics, Mount Sinai Hospital New York, New York, USA

Emmanuel Messas MD PhD Paticien hospitalier-Cardiologue Pole cardiovasculaire-Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou INSERM U633, Faculté de médecine Paris Descartes, Paris 5 75015 Paris, France

Leslie J Klaff MD PhD Rainier Clinical Research Center Renton WA USA

Hadar J. Merhav MD Assistant Medical Director Liver Transplantation & Hepatobiliary Surgical Associates Affiliated with Memorial Hermann Hospital. Associate Professor of Surgery - University of Texas Houston, USA

Harvey L. Gordon, MD, FACS Clinical Professor of Urology and Medical Ethics Baylor College of Medicine Houston, TX, USA

Daniel Thau Teitelbaum, M.D. Associate Clinical Professor of Preventive Medicine University of Colorado Health Sciences Center at Denver Denver, Colorado Adjunct Professor of Environmental Sciences The Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado, USA

Pr Fabien Koskas Service de Chirurgie Vasculaire La Salpêtrière Paris France

Gor Levy-Reis, M.D. Neurologist Naples, Florida, USA

David J Zukor MD FRCSC Chief Department Orthopedic Surgery SMBD-Jewish General Hospital Associate Professor Surgery McGill University Montreal Canada

Giora Katz MD Urologist Manitowoc Wisconsin USA

Steven H. Cobb, M.D. Phoenix, Arizona USA

Arthur E. Cohen, MD, MS, MPH, ScD(hon) Keene State College, Keene, NH USA

Paul DeSandre, DO Attending Physician, Emergency Medicine Beth Israel Medical Center New York, NY

Dr John Gallo, Liverpool Hospital, Sydney, Australia

Ellis D. Avner, M.D. Director, Children's Research Institute Associate Dean for Research, Medical College of WI, USA

David P. Bick, M.D. Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin; Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA

Dr Jonathan Mushin, Melbourne, Australia Dr.Lockie Milner, Professor of Pediatrics and Chief of Pediatric Nehrology, the Floating Hospital for Children, New England Medical Center,and Tufts UniversitySchool of Medicine ,Boston, Massachusetts, USA David D. Gutterman, MD Northwestern Mutual Professor of Cardiology, Senior Associate Dean for Research, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA Irving "Jake" Jacoby, MD, USA

Pr Alain COHEN SOLAL French Faculty of Medicine Paris VII, France

Dr Chantal TANGER Vascular Diseases Doppler 75010 PARIS, France

Marvin Forland, MD, MACP Professor Emeritus Department of Medicine, Center for Medical Humanities and Ethics University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (Texas), USA

David de Vries, M.D., Pulmonologist. Harderwijk, The Netherlands

Mitchell J. Barrer, MD, Diplomate, American Board of Anesthesiology, Fellow of the American College of Anesthesiology, President, Grand View Anesthesia Associates. Sellersville, PA 18960 USA

Bernard G. Moffie MD, clinical microbiologist Vlietland Ziekenhuis Schiedam, The Netherlands

Jeffrey Kaufman MD, FACS President, American Association of Clinical Urologists Member, AMA and American College of Surgeons

Paige Applebaum Farkas M.D. Medical Director Comprehensive Dermatology and Laser Center Ridgewood, New Jersey, USA Jacques Blacher, Director of the cardiovascular unit of Hôtel-Dieu hospital of Paris, Paris, France Pr Francine Behar-Cohen, René Descartes University, Paris, France Mark Mausner MD Chief, Dept of Plastic Surgery, Suburban Hospital, Bethesda, Maryland, USA

Roy D. Altman, MD Professor of Medicine David Geffen School of Medicine At the University of California, Los Angeles Editor-in-Chief, /Osteoarthritis and Cartilage/ Editor, /Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism/ Past President: Osteoarthritis Research Society International Prior Delegate to the American Medical Association

Bernard S. Kaplan MD Professor of Pediatrics, Medicine and Urology The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA, USA

Juda Habot MD, FRCPC, Division of Cardiology, Southlake Regional Health Centre, Newmarket, Ontario, Canada

Jose Benchimol MD, Transplant Surgeon in Caracas, Venezuela. Member of the Jewish Association of Venezuela Robert M. Glueck, M.D., F.A.C.C. Executive Director, Carondelet Heart Institute, Kansas City, Missouri USA David Sapire M.D. Professor, Department Of Pediatrics Baylor College of Medicine Houston, Texas 77030 USA

Nachman Braurbar, M.D. Clinical Professor of Medicine University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine Los Angeles, CA USA

Gary Loren, M.D. Anesthesiologist New Jersey, USA

Barry Kogan, Chief, Division of Urology, Albany Medical College, USA

Lorne Rosenfield M.D. 1750 El Camino Real Burlingame Ca, USA

Brian W Berman MD Professor of Pediatrics Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Division Chief, General Academic Pediatrics Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital Cleveland, Ohio USA

Philip Frost M.D.Ph.D. President Calesca Pharmaceuticals Morristown,NJ, USA

Paige Kaplan M.B.B.Ch.(Witwatersrand) Professor of Mitochondrial and Metabolic Diseases Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, USA

Benjamin Fass, MD Pediatric Endocrinologist Kaiser Permanente 6041 Cadillac Ave Los Angeles, CA 90035, USA

Professor Rebecca S Mason Head, Physiology Associate Dean (Curriculum), Medicine, Chair, USyd Medical Program Committee University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia

Elizabeth B. Rappaport M.D. Associate Professor, Department Of Family And Community Medicine Thomas Jefferson University, USA

Avroy A Fanaroff MD Professor and Chair Department of Pediatrics Case Western Reserve University, USA

Norman M Magid, MD, FACC, FACP, Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine, New York Presbyterian Hospital-Cornell Medical Center, USA

Dr Anthony Levine Sydney NSW Australia

Leslie Schrieber MD FRACP Associate Professor of Medicine University of Sydney, Australia

Dr Jerome Edelstein, MD, FRCSC Plastic Surgeon Toronto, Canada

Dr. Nitsa Kohut 541 St. Germain Avenue Toronto, Ontario Canada

TARRAGANO Francois Interventional Cardiologist, American Hospital of Paris, Lariboisiere Public Hospital, France

Jeffrey A. Ascherman, M.D. Associate Professor of Clinical Surgery, Chief, Division of Plastic Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons, USA

Dr Morris Segel Family Medicine Sydney Australia

alec vahanian ,head of the cardiology department ,Bichat hospital ,Paris ,France

Les White MBBS FRACP DSc MRACMA MHA John Beveridge Professor of Paediatrics University of NSW & Executive Director Sydney Children's Hospital High Street, Randwick NSW 2031, Australia Joseph Richter, MD Assistant Professor, Clinical Pediatrics College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, USA

Michael R. Rosen M.D. Gustavus A.Pfeiffer Professor of Pharmacology Professor of Pediatrics Director, Center for Molecular Therapeutics Columbia University, NY, USA

Dr.Fernand Hessel président de la Fondation de cardiologie Lucien Dreyfus 15 rue du Tivoli F 68100 Mulhouse, France

Dr Bradley Lewinsohn FY1 at the Royal London hospital, England

Dr H.H.Themans ENT Amsterdam Holland

Mr. Eric Chemla Consultant renal transplant and vascular surgeon St Georges Healthcare NHS trust Blackshaw Road London SW17, England

Dr. Barry F. Cohn Retired Anesthesiologist/Intensivist Leiden University Medical Center The Netherlands

William Schwartz, MD Attending Physician Good Samaritan Hopital Suffern, NY l0901 USA

Dr F. HAZIZA. Hopital Foch. France

Pamela Scheinman, MD Assistant Professor of Dermatology Director, Contact Dermatitis and Occupational Dermatology Unit Tufts-New England Medical Center Boston, MA 02111 USA

Igor J. Koralnik, MD Director, HIV/Neurology Center Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Associate Professor of Neurology Harvard Medical School

HARRY L. SERNAKER, M.D., Esq --Director: Mid Atlantic Medical Detox Foundation, Baltimore, MD, USA

Dr. H.C. Weinstein Afdeling Neurologie Sint Lucas Andreas Ziekenhuis Postbus 9243, 1006 AE Amsterdam, Holland Dr. Horst Sabiers D-50668 Köln (Cologne/Germany) Michael S Lauer, MD, FACC, FAHA Professor of Medicine Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of CWRU Professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics Case Western Reserve University Contributing Editor, JAMA, USA

Riva Akerman MD, Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology, Pediatric Anesthesia Division, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, USA Harley A. Rotbart, M.D. Professor and Vice Chairman of Pediatrics Professor of Microbiology Pediatric Infectious Diseases University of Colorado School of Medicine, USA

Rina Lazebnik Professor of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children’s Hospital Case Western Reserve University Cleveland Ohio, USA

David Schillinger, M.D. FACEP, USA

Andrew N. Pollak, MD Associate Professor and Head Division of Orthopaedic Trauma Associate Director of Trauma R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center University of Maryland School of Medicine Baltimore, MD 21201, USA

Dr. Adrian Flohr MVZ MEDPLUS, 47799 Krefeld, Germany

Steven R. Levine, M.D., Mount Sinai Medical Center, NY, NY, USA Joseph D. Rosenblatt M.D. Professor of Medicine , Microbiology and Immunology William Harrington Chair in Hematology Division Chief, Hematology Oncology Associate Director for Clinical and Translational Research, SCCC, USA Salomon Kramer, D.O. General Surgeon, Texas, USA

Stephen Berman MD FAAP Professor of Pediatrics University of Colorado School of Medicine Past President American Academy of Pediatrics, USA

Nathan Rabinovitch MD. Associate Professor Department of Pediatrics Division of Allergy Immunology National Jewish Medical and Research Center 1400 Jackson Street, Denver, USA

Stuart S. Kesler, MD Clinical Assistant Department of Urology Hackensack University Medical Center Hackensack, NJ USA

Maurice Buchbinder M.D. Foundation for Cardiovascular Medicine, Scripps Memorial Hospital, LaJolla, California U.S.A

Professeur Bernard LOBEL, Pour le Président, Confederation des Associations Médicales Juives de France.

Marc Yudkoff, MD WT Grant Prof. of Pediatrics, Univ. of PA School of Medicine Chief, Div. of Child Development, Rehabilitation and Metabolic Disease Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA Richard A. Spritz, M.D. Professor and Director, Human Medical Genetics Program University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center Aurora, CO 80045 USA Charles Antzelevitch, PhD, FACC, FAHA, FHRS Executive Director/Director of Research, Gordon K. Moe Scholar Professor of Pharmacology, Masonic Medical Research Laboratory , Utica, NY 13501-1787, USA Alicia McFarren M.D. Graduate of New York Medical College '07, future pediatric resident - Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA Nachum Katlowitz M.D., N.Y., USA Lawrence Copelovitch MD, Renal Fellow, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, USA

Estelle Stetz-Marcus MD Hingham, Massachusetts, USA

M.Jeffrey Maisels MD Chairman Department of Pediatrics, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak MI 48073- 6769 USA

Baruch Krauss MD, EdM Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School Boston, Massachusetts 02115 USA

Boris Havkin M.D. Melbourne Internal medicine Associates. Melbourne, Florida, USA.

Paul M. Weinberg, M.D. Director, Fellowship Training Program in Pediatric Cardiology Professor of Pediatrics and Pediatric Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Associate Professor of Radiology at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, USA

Michael Schaffer, M.D. Professor of Pediatrics University of Colorado School of Medicine, USA

Claude A Brachfeld MD FACC Asst Clinical Professor of Vascular Surgery, University of Kansas Hutchinson Clinic Hutchinson KS 67502, USA

Haya R. Rubin, M.D., Ph.D. Adjunct Professor of Medicine Johns Hopkins University, USA Ronald J. Sokol, MD Professor and Vice Chair of Pediatrics Chief, Section of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Program Director, Pediatric Clinical Translational Research Center (formerly GCRC) University of Colorado School of Medicine, The Children's Hospital, Denver, Colorado 80218 USA Rich Klasco, MD, FACEP Senior VP, Medical Affairs & Editor-in-Chief Thomson Healthcare Greenwood Village, CO 80111-4740 USA Lori A. Lemberg, MD, Attending Physician--Jacobi Medical Center, Asst. Clinical Professor of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA Alfred D. Katz, M.D. 8631 W Third ST Los Angeles, Ca. 90048 USA Isaac Teitelbaum, MD FACP Professor of Medicine Director, Acute and Home Dialysis Programs University of Colorado Hospital Denver, CO 80262 USA Stanley H. Galansky, MD, Clinical Professor of Surgery and Pediatric Urology, University of Colorado School of Medicine and The Children’s Hospital, Denver, Colorado, USA

Michael Friedlander Professor of Medicine,conjoint University of New South Wales Director of Medical Oncology The Prince of Wales Hospital Randwick Sydney 2031 Australia

Gerald M. Weisfogel, MD, FACC, D,ABSM Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital New Brunswick, NJ. USA 08901

Mendel Tuchman M.D. Vice Chairman for Research Scientific Director, Children's Research Institute Professor of Pediatrics, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology Children's National Medical Center Washington DC 20010-2970 USA

Stanley Glazer, M.D. Secretary of the Maimonides Medical Club Springfield, Massachusetts 01107 U.S.A.

Ronald S. Nadel MD Springfield, Ma, USA

Steven M. Wenner, M.D., Springfield MA USA

Stanley Brosman MD Clinical Professor of Urology UCLA Center for the Health Sciences, USA

Ira H Monosson, MD Assistant Clinical Professor USC Keck School of Medicine UCLA Geffen School of Medicine, USA Michael A. Rabovsky, M.D. Medical Director Beachwood Family Health & Surgery Center Cleveland Clinic Beachwood, OH, USA Marlane C. Guttmann, MD Staff Radiologist Fox Chase Cancer Center Philadelphia, PA USA

Paul J. Grodan M.D. Assistant Clinical Professor Dept. of Internal Medicine Geffen-UCLA School of Medicine, USA

Neil Segall DO Thornton, CO USA

Michael A. Ozer, M.D. San Antonio, Texas, USA

Miriam Harel ,M.D. retired plastic surgeon, Newton MA, USA

Prof. Sidney Chocron, MD, PhD Member of STS - Member of EACTS Cardiothoracic surgery, Besancon, France

Isaac S. Kohane, MD, PhD Henderson Associate Professor of Health Sciences and Technology Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School Director, Countway Library of Medicine Director, HMS Center for Biomedical Informatics Boston, MA 02115 USA

Harvey Guttmann, MD Abington Memorial Hospital, Abington PA 19046, USA

Melvyn B. Schupack, MD, Walpole, NH, USA

J.Courant, MD, IMA-Nederlands

Arthur L. Levy MD Clinical Associate Professor, Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine and Medical Director of Medical Oncology in New Haven, Connecticut, USA

Brigitte Köder MD, Anesthesiologist Hagaziekenhuis Den Haag SN Den Haag, Netherlands

Don Gilden, MD Professor and Chairman Department of Neurology The University of Colorado School of Medicine Denver, Colorado, USA

Professor Ashley Grossman Dept. of Endocrinology St. Bartholomew's Hospital London EC1A 7BE Great Britain

Dr. Roman M. Skoblo, Bundesverband Jüdischer Ärzte und Psychologen, Deutschland

Shamir Tuchman, MD, MPH Fellow - Division of Pediatric Nephrology The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, USA

Silvio Sperber MD Interventional Cardiology Memorial Hospital of South Broward Hollywood, Florida, USA

S. Bert Litwin MD Childrens Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, USA

ALVIN MARKOVITZ MD,FACP,FACOEM FAADEP ASSOC CLINICAL PROF of MEDICINE UNIVERSITY of SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA LOS ANGELES CA. USA

David Muram, MD Professor Emeritus Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology University of Tennessee, Memphis, USA

Gary J. Alter, M.D. Assistant Clinical Professor of Plastic Surgery UCLA School of Medicine Beverly Hills, CA. USA

Michael B. Kastan, M.D., Ph.D. St. Jude Children's Research Hospital Memphis, TN USA

Robert peter gale md phd dsc (hon) facp Exec dir clinical research Celgene corp, Summit, NJ USA Visiting prof haematology Imperial College Hammersmith hospital, London, UK

Dr. Daniel Derman Clinical Instructor of Medicine Northwestern University of Medicine, USA

M.H.Melmed MD Gynecologist Englewood, Colorado, 80111, USA Neal J Weinreb, MD, FACP Voluntary Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Miami School of Medicine University Research Foundation for Lysososomal Storage Diseases, Coral Springs, Florida, USA Howard Trachtman MD Schneider Children's Hospital Division of Nephrology New Hyde Park NY USA

Leonard Knell M.D. retired Orthopedic surgeon – Canton, Ohio, USA

Dr.Mark Indig M.D., Germany

Professor Jack Sobel MD

Chief Division of Infectious Diseases

Wayne State University School of Medicine

Detroit Michigan USA

Harold P. Lehmann, MD PhD Associate Professor, Health Sciences Informatics Joint: Pediatrics, Health Policy and Management Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, MD USA

Glenn M. Lipton, MD, DABPM, FIPP, DABIPP Director, North American Interventional Pain Management, Arizona, USA

Professor J E Myers School of Public Health & Family Medicine Health Sciences Faculty University of Cape Town, S. Africa

Dan Yamini, MD, Diplomate of the American Board of Surgery and Plastic Surgery, Los Angeles, California, USA

Ran Neiger, MD Professor of Ob/Gyn Wright State University Dayton, Ohio, USA

Harold N. Fisher, BSc., MD, MCFP (EM), FACEP

Warren Grossman MD Orthopaedic Associates of South Broward Hollywood, Fl 33021 USA

Stephen Burgher, MD, FACEP Assistant Medical Director Department of Emergency Medicine Baylor University Medical Center Dallas, Texas 75246 USA

Robert L. Levine, M.D. Associate Professor Neurosurgery and Emergency Medicine The University of Texas School of Medicine at Houston, USA

Richard F. Grossman, M.D.

Attending Plastic Surgeon The Permanente Medical Group Walnut Creek, California, USA

D. Miller Wise, MD Attending Plastic Surgeon Dept Plastic Surgery Walnut Creek, CA 94596 USA William Silvers MD Greenwood Medical Center Englewood, CO 80111 United States of America

Peter Vadas MD, PhD, FRCPC, FACP Toronto, Canada

Marjorie Curtis-Cohen, MD CHOP Newborn Care at Holy Redeemr Hospital Meadowbrook, Pennsylvania, USA

Professor Stephen Davis Professor of Neurology University of Melbourne Royal Melbourne Hospital Parkville, Victoria Australia 3050

Philip D. Zinn, M.D. Cardiology Clinic of San Antonio, USA

Dudley Seth Danoff, MD, FACS Tower Urology Cedars Sinai Medical Center Los Angeles, Calif.,USA

Joseph R. Furman, MD San Antonio, Texas, USA

Daniel Fink MD Clinical Associate Professor Wayne State University School of Medicine Detroit, Michigan, USA

Irving Katz, M.D. Former Chief of Staff Peninsula Hospital, Burlingame, Ca 94010 USA

Michèle J. Saunders, D.M.D., M.S., M.P.H. – Professor, Division of Geriatrics and Gerontology, Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio USA

Kim Kwiatek M.D. , USA

Stephen Burgher, MD, FACEP Assistant Medical Director Department of Emergency Medicine Baylor University Medical Center Dallas, Texas 75246 USA

Dr George Hamor MB,BS,FRACP. Consultant Respiratory and Sleep Physician. Sydney, Australia.

Dr. Emma Guttman-Yassky, MD/MSc, Associate Attending Physician, Clinical Scholar, Investigative Dermatology, Rockefeller University, NY, USA and Department of Dermatology Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel

Dr Henry Pinskier Melbourne Australia Donald Motzkin, M.D. Woodland Hill, Ca 91364 USA Lorne Finkelstein M.D. F.R.C.P.(C) F.A.C.C. Cardiologist Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Barbara Schuster, MD, MACP Professor and Chair, Dept. of Internal Medicine Wright State University USA Mark T. Buchman, M.D., M.Sc.(Orthopaedics), F.A.C.S. Member American Society for Surgery of the Hand Member American Association for Hand Surgery Member American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery Payman Vahedifar, M.D. Nephrology and Hypertension Cedars-Sinai Medical Towers 8635 W. 3rd Street Suite 865-W Los Angeles, CA 90048 USA

Ronald M. Friedman, M.D. Former Chief of Plastic Surgery Parkland Memorial Hospital, Dallas, TX, USA

Elliot Weser, MD, FACP Emeritus Professor of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Texas USA Donald Motzkin, M.D. Woodland Hill, CA 91364 USA Professor Mary Rudolf Consultant paediatrician and Professor of Child Health Leeds Primary Care Trust and University of Leeds Belmont House Leeds LS2 9DE USA

Michael Stern, MD Professor of Medicine University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio San Antonio, TX 78229-3900 USA

Lorne Finkelstein M.D. F.R.C.P.(C) F.A.C.C. Cardiologist Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Myriam Lipovsky, MD, PhD Utrecht/Zeist, the Netherlands

Dr. Daniel Kollek Associate Professor - Emergency Medicine, McMaster University Dundas, Ontario, Canada

Jack M. Bernstein, M.D., Professor of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, OH USA

Dr. David J. Katz , Attending in Charge and Director of Oral Diagnosis-New York Hospital, USA

David Sacerdoti Associate Professor of Internal Medicine University of Padova Italy

Roger G. Rosenstein, MD Paramus, New Jersey USA

Herman Charles Knoll, M.D. Internal Medicine Associate Professor, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio Good Samaritan Hospital Dayton Heart Hospital USA

Thomas Golper M.D. Vanderbil University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA

Sylvia Stein M.D. Vienna,Austria

Sidney Miller, MD FACS Professor of Surgery Director, The Ohio State University Burn Center the Ohio State University College of Medicine University Hospitals Department of Surgery Columbus, OH 43210 USA

Dr. med. Michael Schiffmann Facharzt für HNO-Krankheiten Plastische Operationen, Allergologie D-60322 Frankfurt Germany

Stephen L. Stern, M.D. Professor, Department of Psychiatry The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio USA

Mark H. Hyman, MD, FACP, FAADEP Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine, UCLA Los Angeles, CA 90025 USA

Richard J. Schuster,MD,MMM Oscar Boonshoft Chair and Director Center for Global Health Systems, Management, & Policy Boonshoft School of Medicine Wright State University Kettering, Ohio 45420 USA

Kenneth L. Zeitzer, M.D. Interim Chairman, Department of Radiation Oncology Albert Einstein Medical Center Philadelphia, PA, USA

Dr. Lyubka Tancheva, Ph.D., Assoc. Prof. in Pharmacology, Institute of Neurobiology, Dept. Experimental Psychopharmacology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Bulgaria

JP van Wouwe, MD PhD, pediatrician Member of the Pediatric Association of the Netherlands Overseas fellow of the Royal Society for Medicine (UK) Netherlands organization for applied scientific research Leiden, the Netherlands

Dr Fred Siegel ASPS, Chesapeake, VA USA

Gary M. Youra, Past Chief of Staff, Childrens Medical Center, Dayton, Ohio, USA

Marrick Kukin, M.D., FACC Director, Heart Failure Program St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospitals New York, New York 10019 USA

Dr. Ronit Zweig, PsyD, CBT, Psychologist, NY, USA

Dr. Emma Guttman-Yassky, MD/MSc, Associate Attending Physician, Clinical Scholar, Investigative Dermatology, Rockefeller University, NY, USA and Department of Dermatology Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel

DR. Benjamin C Cohney FRCS., FRACS.,FRCSE., FACS. Emeritus Surgeon Royal Perth Hospital, Perth Western Australia

Samuel R Bierstock, MD Delray Beach, Florida USA

Evelyn van Pinxteren/Nagler, paediatrician, Medical Centre Leeuwarden, Leeuwarden, the Netherlands

Robert Bloom M.D Medical director, Opthalmology, Children Medical Center, Dayton Ohio USA

Michael Bloom M.D, Medical director, Opthalmology, Children Medical Center, Dayton Ohio USA

Albert L. Amshel, M.D

Dr.Paul Kraus PhD.,specialist in Pediatrics The Netherlands

Kenneth T. Wals, MD Fellow, Retina Service UPMC Eye Center University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, PA USA

Donald Schon, MD, FACP Associate Clinical Prof. Medicine Univ. of Arizona School of Medicine Arizona Kidney Disease and Hypertension Ctr Phoenix, Arizona USA

Dr.Paul Kraus PhD; kinderarts The Netherlands

James G Schwade MD FACR FACRO Executive Director, Cyberknife Centers of Miami & Palm Beach Clinical Prof. of Radiation Oncology & Former Chairman, Dept. of Rad. Onc., UM Miller Sch. of Med. Adjunct Prof. of Biomedical Engineering, Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Florida International University USA

Marilyn J. Heine, MD, Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine and Emergency Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Carol E. Rose, M.D. Department of Anesthesiology UPMC - Presby Room C-204 200 Lothrop Street Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA

Scot D. Paris, MD, FACS General Surgeon Pennsylvania, USA

Arlin J.Silberman, DO,Clinical Associate Professor of Psychiatry,Drexel University College of Medicine, Phila., Pa, USA Daniel Navot MD Professor and Chief, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology New York Medical College USA Dr Robert Luder Consultant Physician, North Middlesex University Hospital London UK Sanford H. Herman, MD Emergency Medicine Clarksville, TN USA

J Greenbaum MD FRCPC Assissant Professor of Medicine McMaster Medical School Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Newton D. Scherl, M.D. Chief Gastroenterology, Englewood Hospital, Englewood, NJ USA

Gary Berman,M.D. Clinical Assistant Professor Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care University of Minnesota Minneapolis, Minnesota USA

Lyndon E. Mansfield MD Director Western Sky Medical Research El Paso Texas 79902 USA

Leonard Cohen, M.D., Ph.D. West Hartford, CT 06107 USA

Gary N. Gross, MD Clinical Professor of Medicine University of Texas Southwestern Medical School Dallas, Texas USA

Herbert Blumer,md, Canada

Dr.Mair Nae, Turkey

Steven F. Weinstein, M.D. Clinical Professor, Department of Pediatrics University of California at Irvine, USA

Paul Shapero, M. D. Bangor, ME 04401 USA

Alan Wanderer, M.D.USA

Sheldon Spector, MD Clinical Prof of Medicine, USA

Samuel B. Lehrer, Ph.D. Professor of Medicine Tulane University New Orleans, LA 70112 USA

Jack M. Becker, MD Director of Allergy St. Christopher's Hospital for Children Associate Professor of Pediatrics Drexel University College of Medicine USA

Ronald Fields, MD Cardiologist, Langhorne, Pa, USA

Michael Z. Blumberg, M.D., MSHA Managing Partner and Director of Clinical Research Virginia Adult and Pediatric Allergy and Asthma Associate Clinical Professor of Pediatrics Virginia Commonwealth University, U.S.A

Jonathan D. Field, MD New York, NY USA

Donald W Aaronson MD JD MPH Executive Director Joint Council of Allergy Asthma and Immunology USA

GILBERT LANOFF M.D.

Lewis J Kanter,MD Director, Allergy Care Center, USA

Dr. Eugene I. Sacks Retired General Surgeon, Nashville, Tennessee USA

Antonio Piga M.D., Prof. of Forensic Medicine and Bioethics. Universidad de Alcalá (Madrid) Spain

Evan B. Dreyer, MD, PhD, FACS Assoc Professor, Harvard (retired).USA

Michael M. Frank, MD, Professor of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710 USA

I. Leonard Bernstein,M.D. Professor of Medicine University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati,Ohio, USA

Robert E. Braitman, M.D. F.A.A.P. Pediatric Associates of Norwood & Franklin, P.C., USA

Joel H. Selter, M.D., USA

Robert Goldman, MD, FAAAAI, FAAP Hudson Valley Asthma & Allergy Associates Croton-on-Hudson, NY 10520 USA

Phil Lieberman, M.D. Clinical Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics University of Tennesse - College of Medicine USA

Howard J. Schwartz, M.D. Clinical Professor of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio, USA Joel Freeman M.B.B.S. F.R.A.C.P. Consultant Paediatrician Kenneth L. Zeitzer, M.D. Interim Chairman, Department of Radiation Oncology Albert Einstein Medical Center Philadelphia, PA, USA

May 21, 2007 In a letter published in The Guardian in April, a group of British doctors called for a boycott of the Israeli Medical Association (IMA) and its expulsion from the World Medical Association (WMA) for allegedly failing to uphold international medical ethical standards in the Palestinian territories. We, the representatives of medicine in Israel, categorically deny these accusations and wish to take a stand in support of the IMA and humane medical treatment for all in Israel. It is all too clear that Dr. Derek Summerfield is once again feeding his own personal, systematic dislike of Israel and will persist in doing so regardless of the truth. As for Dr. David Halpin, if the best he can do is quote Amira Hass: Life Under Israeli Occupation – published August 26, 2001 in The Independent, at the height of the Intifida, we suggest he undertakes a more up-to-date and thorough study of the situation, as described below. Unfortunately, the other signatories were presumably unaware of the reality of the situation. We would therefore like to clarify some facts and provide an incomplete sampling of health activity aimed at helping the Palestinian population: 2,346 Palestinian children with birth defects were treated last year in Israeli hospitals (up from 1,604 in 2005), 29, 919 Palestinian patients were granted permits to undergo medical treatments in hospitals in Israel (up from 24,076 in 2005), and 1,600 Palestinian emergency patients were transferred by ambulance from the PA to hospitals in Israel (up from 800 in 2005). We would also like to reiterate what was expressed in a recent IMA letter: The IMA is not, and has never been, the ‘executive arm of the Israeli establishment.' It is an apolitical organization that, like every other national medical organization, concerns itself with medical and health issues and not the establishment or support of any sort of political policy. The IMA has continuously called for funds to be transferred [to the PA] not in kind but in the form of food and medicine so that help could be given where it is truly needed. In addition to the above, hundreds or thousands of Palestinian patients receive medical care in Israel each year, usually at a cost absorbed by the Israeli government. As an example, in 2004, NIS 36, 645, 507 (approximately 8, 143, 446 USD at the time) of PA debts to Israeli hospitals were offset. The IMA has intervened on occasions where a patient was about to be evicted from an Israeli hospital for lack of funds. The IMA has also intervened on many occasions of Palestinian patients, physicians, and medical students who encountered difficulties at Israeli checkpoints, including petitions to the High Court of Justice on certain matters. Israeli doctors learn and work side by side with their Arab colleagues, treating both Jewish and Arab patients, Israeli and Palestinian. Sometimes these very same dedicated physicians meet their death at the hands of terrorists, leaving their Palestinian patients to wonder who will care for them. The organization has, at several points in the past, attempted to meet with its Palestinian counterparts in an effort to foster mutual cooperation and better understanding, including the release of a joint statement. Almost none of these meetings have taken place, because of refusal on the Palestinian side. In addition to the above, there are numerous collaborative health care initiatives taking place at any time. The First International Congress on Chronic Disorders in Children was attended in April by 300 Israeli and 100 Palestinian doctors and the First Middle East Symposium on Dental Medicine represented a further expression of the relationship launched between the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Al-Quds University. Under the Israeli program "Save a Child's Heart", doctors at Wolfson Hospital repair congenital heart defects for children from the Palestinian territories, Iraq, Jordan and Africa; more than 1,000 children, about half from Gaza and the occupied West Bank, have been helped so far by the program. Teams at Bethlehem University and at Tel-Aviv University have worked together to investigate the genetic causes of deafness. A new graduate program will enable Palestinian students to pursue post-graduate research in this field at Tel-Aviv University . Jerusalem's Hadassah hospital has trained Palestinian physicians and nurses in cancer treatments, and staff from this hospital and Palestinian hospitals exchange ideas and information on an ongoing basis. It saddens us greatly to see and hear of Palestinian civilians receiving inadequate health care, including in Gaza, from which Israel unilaterally withdrew in 2006. It saddens us that funds transferred to the Palestinian leadership are often used for guns and bombs instead of for hospitals and medicines. It saddens us that terrorists kill or maim our civilians, kidnap our soldiers, rain missiles on Israeli cities, and then hide among civilians and civilian structures such as hospitals. And it pains us that terrorist attacks on Israeli civilians (including terrorists posing as ill people in need of medical care) result in security measures that sometimes cause hardship to innocent Palestinians. We do our best to help whenever possible, despite these constraints, and have often called for a separation of political and humane issues, so that no one suffers from the current conflict. The “facts” expressed in the letter of the Palestinian organizations calling for a boycott of the IMA, are a far cry from reality. It is our hope that your readers will form unbiased opinions and recognize the steps that Israeli doctors are taking to improve the health and treatment of all peoples, regardless of race or religion. Those who have preconceived opinions will undoubtedly stick with them. But for those who want the truth, we have attempted to present it. However, unlike our accusers, who present nameless numbers of supporters, we are proud to be associated with the Israeli Medical Association and willingly supply our details. Sincerely, Dr. Yoram Blachar, President, IMA Prof. Shai Ashkenazi, Chairman, Scientific Council, IMA & Director Pediatrics A, Schneider Children's Medical Center, Israel Professor Shmuel C. Shapira MD MPH, Hadassah Deputy Director General Director Hebrew University-Hadassah School of Public Health

Dr. Jacob Yahav , Director, Kaplan Medical Center Prof. Zvi Zemishlany, Director - Geha Mental Health Center

Meir Oren M.D., M.Sc., M.P.H Director – General, The Hillel - Yaffe Medical Center

Zvi Stern m.d.Director Hadassah Medical Center- Mt. Scopus

Prof. Jacob Hart, Director (CEO), Loewenstein Hospital Rehabilitation Center, Raanana, Israel

Dr. Orna Blondheim, Director, Haemak Medical Center, Afula

Dr. Raphi Pollack, Medical Director, Bikur Cholim Hospital, Jerusalem SCHARF SHIMON M.D.,M.P.H., Director of the Barzilai Med. Ctr.Ashkelon Yehuda Baruch MD MHA, Director General, Abarbanel Mental Health Center, Israel

Amos Etzioni MD, Professor of Pediatrics and Immunology Director - Meyer Children's Hospital, Bat- Galim, Haifa

Nicky Liebermann M.D., Head – Community Medical Division, "Clalit" Health Services, Israel Prof. Ron Dagan, Director, Pediatric Infectious Diseases Unit Soroka University Medical Center, Beer Sheva, Israel Yehezkel Caine M.D., M.Sc. Director General, Herzog Hospital Dr. Itzhak (Tzaki) Siev-Ner, Head of Orthopedic Rehabilitation, Sheba Medical Center, Israel Prof. David Branski, M.D, Chairman of Pediatrics, Hadassah University Hospitals, Jerusalem Amos Etzioni MD, Professor of Pediatrics and Immunology, Director - Meyer Children's Hospital PROF. HANOCH HOD MD, DIRECTOR ICCU SHEBA MEDICAL CENTER, ISRAEL Ehud Raanani, MD, Head of Cardiac Surgery, Sheba Medical Center, Israel

Dr.Zeev Feldman, Head of pediatric Neurology, Sheba Medical Center, Israel

Prof. Aaron Lerner, Head Child Nutrition Unit, Carmel Hospital

Prof. Arie Lindner, Head, Dept. of Urology, Asaf Harofeh Medical Center & Vice Chairman of the Scientific Council, IMA

Eliezer Shalev M.D, Associate Dean, Rappaport faculty of medicine Technion, Israel Institute of Technology Professor and Chairman, Department Of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Haemek medical Center, Afula Israel President, Israel Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Shaul Sofer,M.D., Dean, Faculty of Health Sciences, Lubner Family Chair in Child Health & Development, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Yoseph A. Mekori M.D., Professor of Medicine, Dean, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University Henry Silver MBBS, BMedSci, DPM, FRANZCP Associate Professor, Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology Deputy Director Sha'ar Menashe Mental Health Centre, Israel

Prof. Bernard Belhassen, Director, Cardiac Electrophysiology Laboratory, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center Batya Kristal, MD, MHA, FASN, Assoc. Professor of Medicine, Head, Department of Nephrology & Hypertension, Western Galilee Hospital Kluger Yoram MD, FACS, Department of Surgery B, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel

Prof. Gil Lugassy, Chairman, Israeli Hematology Association Dr. Ohad Birk, Head, Genetics Institute, Soroka Medical Center, Israel Dr. Gerald M.Fraser MD,FRCP, Director of the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Unit, Deputy-Director Department of Gastroenterology, Rabin Medical Center Prof Alexander Battler, MD, FACC, FESC, Director of Cardiology Rabin Medical Center

Francis B Mimouni, MD, FAAP, FACN Professor of Pediatrics, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv, Israel Chief of Staff, the Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel President, Israeli Pediatric Association

Prof. Keren Gad MD, Head Dept. Cardiology, Tel-Aviv Medical Center Incumbent –Chaim Sheba Chair of Cardiology Santiago Richter, M.D., Head, Endourology Service, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Sava, Israel Professor Ami Schattner Batia Yaffe M.D, Head Department of Hand Surgery and Microsurgery Unit, Sheba Medical Center

Dr. Krimchansky Benzy. Head of the ICU for Head Trauma patients. Loewenshtein Rehabilitation Center,. Raanana, Israel Dr Modi Naftali, Poria Medical Center

Dr M S Monnickendam MD, Family Physician, Hadera, Israel

Yosef Uziel MD, MSc, Associate Professor of Pediatrics Head- Ambulatory Day Unit, Medical Education Unit, Pediatric Rheumatology Department of Pediatrics, Meir Medical Center, Kfar-Saba, Israel

Yehuda A. Schwarz, MD, Senior Deputy Director of Pulmonary Medicine Dep., Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center Ari Zimran, MD, Director, Gaucher Clinic, Shaare Zedek Medical Center Ass. Professor of Medicine, Hebrew University and Haddassah School of Medicine

Yehuda L. Danon M.D., Professor of Medicine, Schneider Childrens Medical Center

Prof Ami Schattner

Judith Heyd MD, Head, Hematology Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem

Dr. Darwin Telias, Mental Health Center Beer-Sheva and "Matara" Addicitions Treatment Center, Ben Gurion University

Ephraim Rimon, MD Head Geriatric Department E, F, Harzfeld Medical Center, Gedera

Prof. Joel Sayfan, Head of Department of Surgery, Haemek Medical Center

Pinchas Halpern, MD, Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel Dr. Meir Weisbrod, Director of the Neonatology/Prematurity Department, Laniado Hospital, Netanya, Israel Yehuda Limony MD MSc, Child Health Center-Kiriat Gat And Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva

Eran Leitersdorf, MD, Professor of Internal Medicine, Chair in Molecular Genetics, Head, Department of Medicine B, Director, Center for Research, Prevention and Treatment of Atherosclerosis, Hadassah University Hospital

Dean D. Ad-El MD Head, Department of Plastic Surgery & Burns Rabin Medical Center

Dr. Avi Cohen, Head, Neurosurgery Dept., Soroka Medical Center

Prof. Chaim Lotan, Director, Heart Institute, Chair in Cardiology, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center

Hadary Amram MD, Head, Trauma Unit ,”Ziv” Hospital, Safed

Pnina Green, M.D., Ph.D., The Laboratory for the Study of Fatty Acids The Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, And Department of Internal Medicine B, Rabin Medical Center

Dr. Dror Soffer, Head, Trauma Unit, Tel Aviv Medical Center

Prof. Gideon Uretzky, M.D., Chairman, Dept. of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center & Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

David Pauzner M.D., Deputy Head, Obgyn Wing, Sourasky Medical Center Dr. Yitzchak Halperin, Barzili Medical Center

Prof. Arie Herman, Head of Ob/Gyn, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center

Dr Shimoni Zvi, Head of Internal Med B Department and Infectious Disease Unit, Laniado Hospital, Netanya DR SASSON NAKAR Dr Ezra Yehiel, Family Physician, Clalit Health Services, Afula

DR YAGEV YARON, OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE SPECIALIST, DIRECTOR OF MACCABI OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE CLINIC IN THE NEGEV

Zalman Weintraub, MD. Neonatology Nahariya

Michael SOUDRY M.D., Professor and Chairman, Division of Orthopaedics and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery A, Rambam Medical Center

Professor Eugene Libson, Hadassah Univ.Hospital, Hebrew University School of Medicine

Dr. Roberto Michan, Pediatrician

Yaacov Jack Ashkenazi md head of adult internal medecine and hematology day care shaare zedek medical center jerusalem Dr. Ido Olsha, Head of Department of General Surgery, Yoseftal Hospital – Eilat Dr Suzy Ronen, Sharei Zedek Medical Center Morris Mosseri, Cardiology Institute, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba Dr. Doron Kopelman, Head, Surgery B, Haemek Medical Center Aroeh Eden MD, Director of Research, Computing and Quality assurance. Department of Anesthesia and CCM Carmel Medical Center Professor Uri Seligsohn, Sheba Medical Center

Ofer Nativ MD., Prof. & Chairman Department of Urology, Bnai-Zion Medical Center Prof' Joseph Ribak, Tel Aviv University Dr Moshe Hersch, MD, MSc, Director of ICU, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem Senior Lecturer, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel

Prof. Moshe Hod, Director, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Helen Schneider Hospital for Women, Rabin Medical Center Boris Finkel, M.D. Head of Psychogeriatric Ward Head of Holocaust Residence Lev HaSharon Mental Heath Center

Dr. Gal-Moscovici Anca, Nephrology and Hypertension Services Bone Research Laboratory, Hadassah University, Jerusalem Prof Avry Chagnac, MD, Rabin Medical Center- Hasharon Hospital Prof. Z.H. Rappaport, Director, Dept. of Neurosurgery, Rabin Medical Center Professor Mauro Rathaus, Meir Medical Center

PROF. SHOENFELD YEHUDA, MD.FRCP, Head, Department of Medicine 'B' and Center for Autoimmune Diseases, Sheba Medical Center

Vardiella Meiner, M.D.Dept of Human Genetics, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem

Prof. Daniel Benharroch, Head of Hematopathology Unit, Dept. of Pathology, Soroka Medical Center, Beer-Sheva.

Ofer Z. Shenfeld MD., Chairman of Urology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center Nathaniel Laor, Professor of Psychiatry, Behavioral Science and Philosophy, Tel Aviv University Dr. Charach Gideon Dr. Pesach Lichtenberg, Herzog Hospital, and the Hadassah Medical School—Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Zohar Barzilay MD FCCM, Professor of Pediatrics, Sheba Medical Center

Prof. N. Gadoth Chairman Adult & Pediatric Neurology - MA`AYNEI-HAYESHUA Medical Center, Israel

OZ YUVAL MD Ob & Gyn specialist Chief Ultrasound Unit Safed Hospital, Israel

DR ZEHAVA ALON, GENERAL PRACTITIONER, Israel

Gilutz Harel M.D, Director of Intensive Coronary Care Unit.

DR. VERA FRIED,- . Internal Medicine and Geriatrics Geriatric Dep. Soroka University Hospital Beer Sheba

Assistant director, Cardiology Department, Ben-Gurion University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center

Michael Hoffman, MD Deputy Chief Director Department of Internal Medicine A, Tell Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel

Prof. Haim Bibi MD, Head Pediatric Department, Carmel Medical Center, Haifa Shmuel Yurman MD, Head Neonatal Department & NICU Hillel Yaffe Medical Center Prof. Moshe Roffman, Head of Orthopaedic Depart., Carmel Medical Center and Medical Faculty – Technion, Haifa

Amir Vardi MD, Director ECMO program Department of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine SAFRA Children's Hospital SHEBA Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer Affiliated to the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University ISRAEL

Ehud Melzer M.D, Head Department of Gastroenterology & Liver Disease Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, ISRAEL Professor Eugene Libson MD.FRCR, Hadassah Medical Center Prof. Meller, Director- National Unit of Orthopedic Oncology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center Hillel Halkin MD, Professor of Medicine, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

Prof. Shimon Meretyk, Head of Urology Dept., Rambam Medical Center, Israel Prof. Israel Potasman, Director, Infectious Dis., Bnai Zion Med. Ctr., Haifa Dr. Chanan Tauber, Former president of the Israel Orthopedic Association A. Mark Clarfield, MD, FRCPC, Head of Geriatrics, Soroka Hospital. Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University. Shai Brill M.D, Beit Rivka Geriatric Rehabilitation Hospital

Lawrence M. Loewenthal, MD Medical Consultant to Ophthalmologists in Haifa, Poriyah, Israel

Moshe Hadani M.D. Professor and Chairman, Department of Neurosurgery Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel

Dr Ilan Treves, Head, Open Ward B, Shalvata Mental Health Center, Israel Prof Yuval Yaron, Head of Prenatal Genetic Diagnosis Unit, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Dr. Ido Olsha, Head of Department of General Surgery, Yoseftal Hospital – Eilat Dr. Moshe Kostiner m.d specialists clinic manager, Israel Joseph Itskovitz-Eldor, MD DSc,Director, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rambam Medical Center & Director, Stem Cell Center Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine Technion - Israel Institute of Technology Haim Ring MD, MSc PMR, Professor and Chairman, Neurological Rehabilitation Dept.Loewenstein Rehabilitation Center Efraim Halperin MD, DTM&H, FACP, Director, Unit of Infectious Diseases Bikur Cholim Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel Dr. Jacob Atsmon, Head, Clinical Pharmacology Unit, Director, Clinical Research Center Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Dr. Alona Paz, Infectious diseases specialist Infectious diseases unit, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa Dr Ilan Treves Prof. D. Hochner, Head of Maternity Unit, Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hadassah Mount Scopus, Jerusalem

Gadi Shaked, MD, Department of Surgery, Trauma Unit, Soroka University Medical Center

Prof. H. Matzkin, Head of Urology Dept., Tel Aviv Medical Center

Shlomo Keidar MD, Rambam Medical Center HERSHKOVICH JACOB MD, SOROKA MEDICAL CENTER, BEER-SHEVA , ISRAEL Jacob Arad M.D, Director of Emergency Dept,.Joseftal Hospital, Eilat Israel

Prof. Michael Glikson, MD, FACC, FESC, Director of Pacing and Electrophysiology Heart Institute, Sheba Medical Center

Dr. Arieh Markel, Head, Internal Medicine A, Haamek Medical Center, Afula

Dr. Gershon Fink, Head of Pulmonary Institute Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, Chairman of the Israel society of Pulmonology Prof. Amos M. Cohen, Hematology Unit, Hasharon Hospital Rabin Medical Center Juza Chen, MD, Director of Sexual Dysfunction Clinic, Department of Urology, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center Dr. Zvi Davidovich Prof. Ilana Ariel, MD, PhD, Head, Perinatal Pathology Unit, The Hadassah- Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem

Dr. Shimon Rochkind, Specialist in Neurosurgery & Microsurgery, Director, Division of Peripheral Nerve Reconstruction, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Oscar H. Kracoff, MD, Cardiologist, Director of ICCU, Kaplan Medical Center Rehovot, Israel

Dr. Naomi Rahimi-Levene, Head, Blood Bank, Asaf Harofeh Medical Center

Eran Segal, MD, Director, General ICU, Sheba Medical Center

Michael Giladi, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Acting Director, the Infectious Disease Unit, Director, The Bernard Pridan Laboratory for Molecular Biology of Infectious Diseases Tel Aviv Medical Center

DR MICHAEL BENNETT, MB BS FRCP FRCPath CONSULTANT HAEMATOLOGIST

Yehuda Ullmann, Acting Head, Plastic Surgery Dept, .Rambam.Medical Center

Eli M Eisenstein, M.D., Department of Pediatrics, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center

Prof. Simcha Yagel, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Centers

Professor Tamir Ben-Hur, M.D., Ph.D., Head, Department of Neurology, Hadassah - Hebrew University Medical Center Dr Spector Gregory, MD. PhD, Head of Urology Unit Joseftal Hospital Eilat, Israel Yaron Lang, MD, Head, Dept. of Ophthalmology Ha'Emek Medical Center, Afula, Israel

Prof Zvi Zadik, Director, Pediatric Endocrine Unit, Kaplan Medical Center Chairman Israeli Pediatric Endocrine Associatiion

Fred M Konikoff, MD, MSc., Professor of Medicine, Head, Dept of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Meir Medical Center Dov Inbar, MD, Schneider Children's Medical Center Dr. Itzhak Rosner, Director of Rheumatology, Bnai Zion Medical Center Raphael Catane MD, Professor & Chairman, Department of Oncology, Sheba Medical Center

David Jonathan van Dijk, MD, Specialist in Internal Medicine and Nephrology Director of the Diabetic Nephropathy Clinic, Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Rabin Medical Center Eli Konen M.D., Head of Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Sheba Medical Center Professor Elihu D richter MD MPH Hebrew Univ-Hadassah SChool of Public Health Jerusalem

Prof. Alex Simon, Director of IVF Center, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem Dr. Haim Shtarker, Head, Orthopedic Unit, Nahariya Medical Center Dr Kleinman Yosef, Head of Internal Medicine, Bikur Cholim Hospital, Jerusalem Davidovitch Michael MD, Chairman of the Israeli Organization for Child Development and Rehabilitation

Dr. Simon M. Schlanger,M.D.; Oncologist, Israel

T. Tichler, M.D., Chief, Oncology Inpatient Ward, Davidoff Cancer Center, Beilinson Hospital Treasurer of the Israeli Oncology and Radiotherapy Association

Dr Michael Gdalevich, Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon

Prof. Uri Kramer. Director, Pediatric Epilepsy Service, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Dr. Yona Yaniv The Israel Society for surgery of the hand Chairperson Hand surgeon - the hand surgery department Sheba hospital Orthopedic surgeon member - Physicians for human rights

Prof. Zvi Ram, Chairman, Department of Neurosurgery, Tel Aviv Medical Center

Dr Alon Reshef, Head of psychiatric outpatient clinic, Afula. Israel

Dr. Nissim Razon, Neurosurgeon, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Haim Gutman, M.D., Associate Professor, Department of Surgery Tel Aviv University, Sackler School of Medicine. Head, Surgical Oncology Service, Rabin Medical Center

Dr. Yosef MANOR, Head of Hematology, Meir Medical Center and Tel Aviv University

Dr Mariana Steiner, Head of Oncology Service, Carmel Hospital, Haifa David Huminer M.D., Rabin Medical Center Ernst Voss MD, Gynaecologist , Hadassah University Hospital , Jerusalem Prof. Moshe Garty MD MSC.FACP(MON) Head of Recanati Center for Medicin - Research Beilinson campus Rabin Medicial Center, Israel Dr. Yacov Fogelman, "Leumit" HMO Sergey Preisman, M.D., Director of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia Unit, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer Dr. Haim Bitterman, President of the Israel Association of Internal Medicine

Dr. Menahem Fisher, Deputy Chairman, Israeli Gynecology Association

Dr Igal Hekselman MD MHA-Medical Director, Health insurance system & Clalit Mushlam

Miriam Zalish MD, Head, Glaucoma Unit, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot

Prof. Yehuda G. Wolf, M.D., Head, Dept. of Vascular Surgery, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Alexander Kantarovsky MD, Vascular Surgery, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center

Dr. Michael Stein, Head, Trauma Unit, Rabin Medical Center & Chairman, Israeli Trauma Association

Marc Brezins, Cardiologist, Head of Cath. Lab. Western Galilee Hospital Nahariya USA Professor David Greenberg, Herzog Hospital, Jerusalem Prof Amos Katz, M.D., Director, Department of Cardiology, Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon, & Associate Dean for student Affairs, Faculty of Health Sciences Ben-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, Israel

Nachum Soroker, M.D., Chairperson, Israel Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Head, Department of Neurological Rehabilitation, Loewenstein Rehabilitation Hospital, Raanana

Shmuel Reis MD, MHPE, Head, Department of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine The Technion- Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa

Professor Alain Berrebi, Head, Hematology Institute, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, Israel.

Zemach Eisenstein M.D., Endocrine consultant, "Maccabi" Health services, Israel

Head of Pediatrics, Medical Division in the Community, Clalit Medical Services, Israel

Ronni Wolf, MD, Assoc. Clin. Prof. of Dermatology, Head, Dermatology Unit Kaplan Medical Center, Rechovot

Prof. Benjamin Brenner, Director, Thrombosis and Hemostasis Unit, Dept. of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa

Prof. Raanan Shamir, Head, Pediatric gastroenterology and Nutrition, Meyer Children's hospital of Haifa, Rith and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Institute of Technology, Israel

Prof. Ron Maymon, Department OB/GYN, Assaf Harofe Medical Center & Tel Aviv university

Prof. Shmuel Kivity, Israel

Dr. Shlomo Moshe – Maccabi Health Services

Dr. Michal Tavor - Maccabi Health Services

Dr. Yair Barak - Maccabi Health Services

Dr. Michal Shilo - Maccabi Health Services Professor Esther Paran, Head, Hypertension Unit, Soroka University Hospital, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba, Israel Prof. Patrick Sorkine, Head of Intensive Care Unit, Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv Prof. Eliezer Kitai, Head, Dept Family Medicine, Leumit HMO, Dept. Family Medicine , Tel-Aviv University

Mario Sztern M.D, Head of the Emergency Medicine Department, Meir Medical Center Kfar Saba

Dr. Meira Berger, Head of the department of family medicine A, Maccabi Health Services Israel Gerry Leisman, MD, PhD, Director & Professor The F. R. Carrick Institute for Clinical Ergonomics, Rehabilitation & Applied Neuroscience of Leeds Metropolitan University & Professor, University of Haifa Ian Miskin MD, Specialist in Family Medicine, Infectious Disease Consultant, Jerusalem Dr. STOLIN MARINA, Clalit Health Services, Israel Boris Yoffe MD FACS, Head Department, General and Vascular Surgery, Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon, Israel Prof. Rephael Zeltser, Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem Dr Leon Joseph, IDF medical Corps, Israel

Prof. Jochanan E. Naschitz, Technion, Haifa

Baruch Brenner, MD, Gastrointestinal Oncology Unit, Head, Davidoff Cancer Center Rabin Medical Center Dror Ovadia, MD, Orthopaedic surgeon, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Ron Arnon, M.D, Institute of Gastroenterology, Hadassah Medical Center Jerusalem, Israel

Prof. Gilad Ben-Baruch, Director Department of Gynecologic-Oncology, Sheba Medical Center Tel-Hashomer, Israel

Dan M. Fliss MD, President of the Israeli Society of Otorhinolaryngology / Head & Neck Surgery, Professor and Chairman Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center Tel Aviv 64239, ISRAEL

Dr. Eli Shahak MD Soroka MEDICAL CENTER, Israel

A. Mark Clarfield, MD, FRCPC, Head of Geriatrics, Soroka Hospital. Sidonie Hecht Professor of Geriatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben- Gurion University.

Dr. Michael Koffler, Director, The Diabetes Unit, Tel-Aviv Medical Center, Ichilov Hospital, Tel Aviv Dr Suzy Ronen, Sharei Zedek Medical Center Prof Raphael Breuer, MD, Head, Inst of Pulmonary Medicine & Lung Biology Laboratory Hadassah - Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel

ASA LEV-EL M.D ORTHOPEDIC SURGEON, DIRECTOR OF ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY DEPT, R.SIEFF HOSPITAL, SAFED Nathan I Cherny MBBS FRACP FRCP Medical Oncologist and Director of Palliative Care Dept Oncology Shaare Zedek Medical Centre Jerusalem ISRAEL Jacob Pe'er, M.D. Professor and Chairman Department of Ophthalmology Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center Jerusalem, Israel

Avigdor Mandelberg, MD. Director, Pediatric Pulmonary Unit The Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Pediatrics The Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Affiliate with the Sackler school of medicine, Tel-Aviv University Israel. 62, Halochamim Street, Holon 58100, ISRAEL

Prof. Lior Rosenberg, MD. Chairman of the Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery Soroka University Medical Center, The Ben Gurion University, Beer Sheva and Chairman of The Unit for Cleft Lip, Palate & Craniofacial Deformities Meir Hospital, Kfar Saba, Israel Dr. Z. Davidovich, Clalit Health Services, Israel Joseph Faber, MD, Former (retired) Head, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem

Prof. Josef Elidan, Chairman, Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem

Dr Beloosesky Yichayaou, Head Geriatric Department, Rabin Medical Ceter Petach Tikva, Israel

Shay Pintov M.D – Israel

Paul Sagiv MD, MSc, Head, Hand Surgery Unit, Meir Medical Center Kfar Saba, Israel

Segal Karl, M.D.Deputy Head Dept. of Otolaryngology @ Head and Neck Surgery, RABIN MEDICAL CENTER, Israel

Meyer Lifschitz M.D. , Adult Nephrologist, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem and Professor Emeritus, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Texas Daniel Landau, MD, Director, Pediatrics Department A, Head, Pediatric Nephrology Unit, Soroka university Medical Center, Beer Sheva, 84101, Israel Prof. Gershon Holcberg, Soroka University Medical Center, Israel Dr Ellenbogen Adrian, Director, IVF Unit, Hillel Yaffe Medical Centre, Hadera ISRAEL Dr. Zeev Goldik, Head of Post Anaesthesia Care Unit Lady Davis Carmel Medical Centre, Haifa- Israel Galia Barkai MD, Pediatric Dept., Soroka University Medical Center, Beer- Sheva Dr. Juza Chen, Urology Dept, Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv Dr Anthony S. Luder MB BS., MRCP(UK), Director Paediatrics and Genetics, Ziv Medical Centre, Safed

Zvi Borochowitz, MD, Professor of Pediatrics and Medical Genetics Director, The Simon Winter Institute for Human Genetics, Bnai-Zion Medical Center, Technion-Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Haifa

Dr B Rapoport , Maccabi HMO and Dept of Family Medicine , Tel-Aviv University

Edgar Pick, M.D.,Ph.D, Professor Director, the Julius Friedrich Cohnheim - Minerva Center for Phagocyte Research Head, the Ela Kodesz Institute of Host Defense against Infectious Diseases Incumbent, the Roberts-Guthman Chair in Immunopharmacology Sackler School of Medicine Tel Aviv University Tel Aviv 69978, Israel

Ze'ev Shenkman, MD Pediatric Anesthesiologist Department of Anesthesiology C Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Ramat Gan, Israel

Dr M Wisnovitz, Specialist Family Physician, Maccabi Health Services, Eilat Avraham Rivkind , M.D., Head, Dept. of General Surgery & Shock Trauma Unit Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel Isac Bloch M.D., HaEmek Medical Center, Head and Neck Surgery, Afula, Israel

Noam Goldstein, M.D., Head, Pulmonary Disease Unit And Regional Tuberculosis Center,Naharia Hospital, Naharia, Israel Dr. Miriam A. Hahn, Israel Batia Weiss, MD, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Safra Children's Hospital, Tel Hashomer, and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel- Aviv

Dr. Shmuel Anderman, Director, Division of Gynecological Surgery & Endoscopy, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Israel

Francis Salamon M.D.Vice-chief Department of Medicine D'Beilinson Campus Rabin Medical Center, Israel Ron Rabinowitz,MD, Director ultrasound unit, OBGYN, Shaare Zedek Med Center, Jerusalem abraham greenberg, md, faap, developmental pediatrics, Israel Dr. Joseph Berger, Kiryat Bialik Israel

Prof. Rafael Bruck, Dept. of Gastroenterology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Marion Sztern M.D, Emergency Medicine Dept Head, Meir Medical Center Kfar Saba Israel

Dr. Wanda Reichstein Gonda, Vice President of the Brazilian IMA Chapter

Dr. Simon Nadel, Consultant in Paediatric Intensive Care, St Mary's Hospital, London, UK

Danuta Wasserman Professor MD PhD

Jerzy Wasserman Professor MD. PhD. Ralph Rosenberg MAssistant, Assistant Professor of Medicine, University of Connecticut, USA

Professor Michael Baum ChM, FRCS, MD, FRCR Hon. Professor emeritus of Surgery and visiting professor of medical humanities University College London, The Portland Hospital, London, UK

David Reifler, MD, Clinical Professor of Surgery/Ophthalmology, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA

Ronny Meier, M.D., FACOG, Teaneck New Jersey, USA, (OB_GYN)

Efrat Meier-Ginsberg, FACOG, Bergenfield, New Jersey, USA, (OB GYN)

Howard Goodman, M.D., New-York, N.Y. USA, (Orthopedist)

Karen Goodman, M.D., New-York, N.Y., USA, (Pediatrician)

Michael C. Lewis MD, Associate Professor, Clinical Anesthesiology Program Director, Anesthesiology Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, USA

Dr. A van der Spek, Radiologist NP, Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Amsterdam

Julian Jacobs, MD,FACP Emeritus Professor of Medicine,Emory University School of Medicine,Atlanta,Ga., USA

Bernd Wollschlaeger,MD,FAAFP-Family Physician&Addiction Specialist, President of the Florida Society of Addiction Medicine& President- Elect of the Dade County Medical Association, Miami,Florida,USA

Michael Willen, MD, FACP, New York Oncology Hematology, Latham, NY, USA

Dr Daniel Mann-Segal, Family Physician, Melbourne Australia Dr. Cleve Ziegler, MD, FRCS(C), CSPQ, Obstetrics & Gynecology The Sir Mortimer B. Davis - Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Canada

Dr. Stuart L. Fischman, Professor Emeritus, Faculty of Health Sciences State University of NY at Buffalo, USA

Dr. Alan D. Shroot, Immediate Past President of the Australasian Jewish Medical Federation

Steven Kirshblum MD, Medical Director, Director of Spinal Cord Injury Program Kessler Institute for Rehabilitation, 1199 Pleasant Valley Way, West Orange, NJ, USA

Rachel Falk, MB.MS. FRANZCP. Consultant psychiatrist, Fellow of the Royal Australian and NZ College of Psychiatrists; Member, International Psychoanalytical Association, Australia

Franklin D. Friedman, MD, MS, FACEP, Director of Emergency Clinical Operations Tufts-New England Medical Center, Boston MA, USA Dr Brent Rubin, Coastal Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, Bradenton Florida USA

Yale Shulman, MD, Clinical Associate Professor of Urology, New York University School of Medicine, USA

Professor Aviad Haramati, Departments of Physiology & Biophysics and Medicine Georgetown University School of Medicine Washington, DC, USA

Michael Aschner, PhD, Gray E. B. Stahlman Chair of Neuroscience, Department of Pediatrics Medical Center North Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232-2495, USA

Sam Schulman, MD, Professor of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton ON, Canada

David H. Shmerling, emer. Professor of Paediatric Gastroenterology, University of Zürich, Switzerland Julinho Aisen, MD, Phd. Clinic Hospital University of Sao Paulo, Brasil

Dr Michael Denman, Consultant Clinical Immunologist, Northwick Park Hospital, Harrow UK

Adam Ilicki, MD, PhD, Senior Pediatrician, Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital Stockholm, Sweden

Jacques Brotchi, MD, PhD, President of the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies Professor & Chairman, Department of Neurosurgery, Erasme Hospital, Université libre de Bruxelles, 808, Route de Lennik, B-1070 Brussels, Belgium

Joel Sadavoy MD, FRCP, Professor of Psychiatry University of Toronto Family Chair in Applied General Psychiatry Mount Sinai Hospital and University of Toronto, Head geriatric Psychiatry, Mount Sinai Hospital, Head Community Psychiatry Mount Sinai Hospital, Montreal, Canada

Dr Cohen Herman, Head Department, Pediatric Ambulatory Clinic, Petah- Tikva,Israel

Alan Goldsmith, Ph.D., President, Jewish Renaissance Medical Center Jewish Renaissance Foundation, Perth Amboy, NJ 08861, USA

Dr. Michael Gordon, Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto, Canada

Lawrence Skolnick, MD, MPH, FAAP, Associate Professor of Clinicl Pediatrics UMDNJ-NJ School of Medicine, USA

William Cooper MD Neurologist, Indianapolis Indiana

Bernard Freudenthal: Year 3 medical student, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, London, UK

Gabriella Cohn Cedermark MD,PhD, Ass Prof., Dept of Oncology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden

Dr Michael Cohen MB,ChB, MPH, USA

Dr Deborah Radomsky MBBS, London Dr. A.Bochner, Pediatric Department, Queen Paola Hospital Antwerp Belgium

Dr Anthony Nicholls MB BS MRCP(UK) MRCGP, Principle, The Pinn Medical Centre Middlesex, UK

Helena Kazarina, psychiatrist & psychotherapist, Soderkliniken, Malmoe, Sweden

Neil L. Davis, M.D., Depts. Of Pathology, Saint Barnabas Medical Center, Livingston, New Jersey and Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New York, USA

Prim. Dr. Hava Eva Bugajer-Gleitman, Chief of Medicine of the Helia Clinic for Physical Therapy, Vienna, Austria

Michael H. Davidson M.D,. F. A. C. C., Clinical Professor, Director of Preventive Cardiology University of Chicago, USA

Prof. Bianca Bassi- Department of Pediatric and Adolescence Science - Division of Child Neuropsychiatry - Chief of Rehabilitation Center - University of Turin (Italy) Regina Margherita Children Hospital, Italy

William R. Stern, M.D., Associates in Gastroenterology, Silver Spring, USA

Dr. Enrique Frajewicki. Former Professor of Internal Medicine. Buenos Aires, Argentina

Ruggero Raccah M.D.,specialist in psychiatry, 00198 Rome Italy Dr Peter Revesz, Södra Vägen 23, 411 35 Göteborg, Sweden Dr. George M.Weisz, Sydney, Australia

Eli Avisar M.D., F.A.C.S.; Assistant Professor of Surgery, Surgical Oncology Division, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami; Medical Director, Taylor Breast Health Center. – Miami FL, USA

Ass.Prof.Dr. Alex Friedmann, Vienna University Hospital, Austria

Rob Friedland, MD, Professor, Dept. of Neurology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland Ohio 44106-4962, USA

Dr. Henry Anhalt, NJ, USA

T.M. Erwteman, M.D., Ph.D., Amsterdam, Holland

PANAGIOTIS TSIRIGOTIS, MD, PhD, 2ND DEPARTMENT OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS, ATTIKON GENERAL UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL, ATHENS, GREECE

Doctor M Zerbib, Full Professor of Urology and Surgery Descartes University, Paris, France

Mariavittoria Hana Pitzalis, MD, PhD, FACC, FESC Professor of Medicine, Director of Heart Failure Program Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology,The Brody School of Medicine East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27834, USA

Dr. Alberto Tedeschi, Allergy and Clinical Immunology Unit, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli & Regina Elena, Milano, Italy

Dr Michael Zloczower. Dermatologist in 2340 Mödling, Austria

Iakov MOLAYEM, MD, Policlinico Umberto I – Università degli studi di Roma “La Sapienza”, Italy

Moshe Rubin, M.D. Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons New York, NY USA

Judith Issroff M.B. B.Ch, D.P.M., M.R.C.Psych, M. Inst. Psychoanalist currently London NW3 2PJ & Maoz Zion- Mevasseret Zion, Jerusalem

Paul S. Appelbaum, MD Elizabeth K. Dollard Professor of Psychiatry, Medicine and Law Director, Division of Psychiatry, Law and Ethics Department of Psychiatry Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, USA

Maurice Sandler, M.D., Ph.D., F.A.C.S. Former Professor of Urology, Upstate Medical Center SUNY, Former representative of all SUNY Medical school faculty to the Governor of New York, USA

Prof. Donatella Camerino, Department of Occupational Health University of Milan, Italy

Arthur S. Kunin, M.D., Professor Emeritus of Medicine, College of Medicine, The University of Vermont, Burlington , VT., USA

William Schecter, MD, Professor of Clinical Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, Chief of Surgery, San Francisco General Hospital, USA

Dr Jacob Boon, Consultant Anaesthetist, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Australia

Andrea Finzi, MD, Cardiologist, Dept. of Cardiology - Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Mangiagalli Regina Elena Milan - Italy Chair of the Northern Italy branch of the Italian Jewish Medical Association Dr Deanne Mannelid MD, specialist in psychiatry, Head of staff Psychiatric Center West Stockholm, Sweden Yaron Flicker, mbbs Melbourne Australia , member of AJMF

Alexander Gonn, MD Specialist internal Medicine Arkadens Läkarmottagning, Malmö, Sweden

Dr Bryan Lashansky, Consultant Anaesthetist, Royal Melbourne Hospital Melbourne, Australia L. Ron van der Wieken MD, Interventional cardiologist, Amsterdam Ronald H. Berman, M.D., San Pablo, CA 94806, USA

Dr John Grabinar BM, BCh, MRCGP locum General Practitioner, Lewisham Primary Care Trust, London, UK

Med.Rat Dr.Thomas NEUFELD obstetrician & gynaecologist Affiliated to Privatklinik Döbling Vienna Consultant to general public hospital Klosterneuburg, Austria

Dr Leah Kaminsky mbbs,ba, Principal, Elwood family clinic, Melbourne, Australia

David Sacerdoti, Associate Professor of Internal Medicine, University of Padova, Italy

Josef Zorski MD ; GP ,Göteborg,Sweden

Univ. Prof. Dr. Paul Haber, Klinik für Innere Medizin II, Medizinische Universität Wien, Vienna Austria

Harvey A. Risch, MD, PhD, Professor of Epidemiology, Yale University School of Medicine New Haven, Connecticut, USA

Dr Patrick Stafler, Paediatric Department, Royal London Hospital, UK

Anders Holtz, Ass Professor, MD, Phd, Department of Neuroscience Neurosurgery Akademika Sjukhuset, 75185 Uppsala, Sweden Mr. Julien Ginsberg FRCSEd. FCS[SA] Orth. FRACS Orth. Conjoint Lecturer UNSW. St. George Private Hospital, Kogarah, SYDNEY. AUSTRALIA Professor Dr Simon Panzer, Department for Blood Group Serology and Transfusion Medicine, Medical University Vienna, Austria

Jesse Jupiter M.D., Massachusetts General Hospital Boston USA Prof. Kenneth Thau MD – Professor of Psychiatry – Medical University Vienna Dpt. of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Austria Dr Susan Kloot, Melbourne, Australia

Michael Abramson, Professor of Clinical Epidemiology, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

Andrew Forbes, PhD, Associate Professor Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine Monash University Australia

Dr Darrilyn Greenberg, Bankstown-Lidcombe Hospital, Sydney, Australia

Mark Steiner, ophthalmologist, editor , AJMF. eye and ear hospital Melbourne Australia

Professor Frank Oberklaid Director, Centre for Community Child Health, University of Melbourne Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville Victoria, Australia

Professor Robert Brown, M.D., Johns Hopkins Medical Institution, Baltimore, MD, USA

Dr Judy Carman, Melbourne, Australia

Dr Perry Burstin, Private Practice, Australia

Dr Caroline Marshall, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Australia

Dr Michael Levick M.B.B.S Member - Australian Medical Association Director - Northern Division of General Practice - Melbourne Australia

Daniel Bensky, DO, Chiron Health Associates, Oriental & Osteopathic Medicine Seattle, WA, USA

Shyrla Pakula, MB BS, Melbourne Australia

Dr Hans Atterhem, Medlem av Svensk Förening för Estetisk Plastikkirurgi 90339 Umeå, Lidingö kliniken, 181 32 Lidingö, Sweden

Leonard A. Katz, MD -- Emeritus professor of medicine and Adjunct professor of Social and Preventive Medicine SUNY at Buffalo, USA

Arnold Felsenfeld, MD, Professor of Medicine, UCLA, USA

David M. Polaner, MD, FAAP, Associate Professor of Pediatric Anesthesiology The Children's Hospital and University of Colorado School of Medicine Denver, CO, USA

Avron Daniller MD FACS, FRCS Clinical Prof. Plastic Surgery USC, England.

Warren D. Widmann, MD, Associate Clinical Professor of Surgery Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons New York, New York, USA

David L. Kaye, M.D., Professor of Clinical Psychiatry Director of Training in Child/Adol. Psychiatry SUNY at Buffalo School of Medicine The Childrens' Psychiatry Clinic Millard Fillmore Hospital Buffalo, N.Y., USA

Alan E. Geller, MD, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA USA

David E. Fisher MD, PhD, Director, Melanoma Program Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Professor, Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Harvard Medical School Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Childrens Hospital Boston Boston, MA, USA

Mitchell F. Berman, MD, MPH, Associate Professor of Clinical Anesthesiology Columbia University, New York, NY, USA

Daniel Kordansky,MD West Hartford, CT USA

Jonathan David, MD, FACP, FACG Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine Columbia University College of P&S, USA

Michael E. Goldberg, M.D. David Mahoney Professor of Brain and Behavior in the Departments of Neurology, Psychiatry, and the Center for Neurobiology and Behavior. Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons New York, NY 10032, USA

Henry Ekert, MD. FRACP ( Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians ) Haematology and Oncology, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Member of Australian Medical Assocoiation

Claire Fung MD, Newton, MA USA

Dr Jonathan Lipshutz, Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne, Australia

Jonathan L. Nelson, M.D., F.A.A.D. Rye, New York, USA

Tony Korman, Director, Infectious Diseases, Southern Health, Clayton VIC 3168 Australia

Mark Lebwohl, MD, Chairman, Department of Dermatology, The Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA

Dr. Ronit Zweig, PsyD, CBT, Psychologist, NY, USA

Marc B. Hertz, DDS, MD – Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, NY, USA

Milton Alter MD PhD is Clinical Professor of Neurology at Drexel University School of Medicine, Philadelphia PA, USA

Dr Sharon Woolf MBBS [Monash],FRACGP, Glen Iris 3146,Victoria, Australia

Kevin B. Kulick, M.D.,Dermatologist, Buffalo, New York, USA

Chaim Charytan, M.D., FACP, Chief Renal Division NY Hospital Medical Center of Queens, Clinical Professor of Medicine Cornell University College of Medicine Flushing, NY 11355, USA

Robert N. Taub MD PhD FACP Vivian and Seymour Milstein Family Professor of Clinical Medicine Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons New York, NY 10032, USA

Dr Leon Massage, Melbourne, Australia

Marcel Goodman FRCS FRCSE FRACS Senior Vascular Surgeon and Clinical Lecturer in Surgery, Sir Charles Gairdener, Mount and St John of God Hospitals Perth, West Australia

Professor Rachelle Buchbinder, Director Monash Department of Clinical Epidemiology at Cabrini Hospital; Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University; Joint Coordinating Editor, Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group,Australia

Dr David Slonim Mt Waverley Clinic 16 Alexander st Mt Waverley Australia

Jack Greenberg MD, Clinical Professor of Neurology, Drexel Medical School, Philadelphia, Pa. 19106, USA

N Serman BDS DDS MS (Rad) FACD FIADMFR Professor and Head [Retired], Division of Oral Radiology Columbia University, City of New York, USA

Dr. Victor Kelmann, Australia

Marvin Packer, M.D., Newton, Ma 02459, USA

Dr Adam Feldman, Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Peter McCallum Cancer Centre Melbourne Australia

F. Carl Grumet MD, Professor of Pathology, emeritus, Stanford University, USA

henry kaminer md, new york city, USA

Bruce Raphael MD Clinical Professor of Medicine, NYU Medical School. New York City, USA

Harvey Arbesman, MD, MS University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, USA

Joseph Carl Bass, M.D. 1966 University of vermont College of medicine Associated Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialists, Inc., Jupiter, Florida, USA

Peter F. Wohlauer, M.D, member of the New England Medical Society and the American Medical Association, USA

Aaron Manson, MD, Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine Columbia University, New York, USA

Dr. Larry Light, General Practice & Allergy Middle Park, Melbourne, Australia

Jack Greenberg MD, Clinical Professor of Neurology, Drexel Medical School, Philadelphia, Pa. 19106, USA

shoshana borowski, final year student, monash university, melbourne, Australia

Nina Ekeroth, MD, Sweden

dr thierry boukris, to support your answer under the label of Australasian Jewish Medical Federation,

Zoe Moatti, 5th year Medical student, University of Nottingham, UK

Daniel Huberman MD, Läkarhuset Ellenbogen, Malmoe, Sweden

emanuel goldberg md attending cardiologist beth israel med center nyc associate clinical professor of medicine albert einstein coll of med, USA

Catarina Rabbie Dolsten, MD, NY, USA

Zvi G Wirschubsky MD. Ph.D, Medical chief editor, Stockholm, Sweden

Lewis Chamoy, M.D., President, Hand Surgery Ltd. Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA

Mikael Hirschberg, undergraduate student in Medicine, the Karolinska Institute in Stochkolm, Sweden

Gabe Vorobiof, M.D., Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA

Keith Highiet, University of California, Irvine, Modesto CA, USA

Professor Ashley Grossman, Dept. of Endocrinology St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London EC1A 7BE Great Britain

Dr Raymond Schwartz; Neurologist and Geriatrician; VMO St. George Hospital, Sydney. Australia

Dr Marcus Hirschfield, Corporate Occupational Physician, Melbourne Australia

Robert M. Epstein, M.D. Professor Emeritus of Anesthesiology University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA

Arthur S. Kunin, M.D., Emeritus Professor of Medicine, College of Medicine,The University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, USA

Ralph Rabkin, MD Emeritus Professor Medicine/Nephrology Stanford University Nephrology Section,VAPAHCS Palo Alto,California 94304, USA DR DANIEL A VOROBIOF, Director, Sandton Oncology Centre, Johannesburg, South Africa Donald P. Levine, M.D. Chief, Division of General Internal Medicine Wayne State University University Health Center Detroit, Michigan USA

Avi Whiteman, MD, MPH, FCPC, FACOEM, FCBOM Assistant Professor, Family Medicine Maimonides Hospital, Montreal, Canada McGill University Hospital Center, Montreal, Canada

Prof.dr.L.Kater, University Medical Center, Utrecht ,the Netherlands

Ira Zackon, M.D.Albany, New York, USA

Jack Salem, Los Angeles, CA

dr. elisabeth pittermann , head of the 3rd medical dep. of hanuschhospital ( social assurance ) , vienna , austria

Andrew R. Marks, M.D., Professor and Chair, Department of Physiology and Cellular Biophysics, Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA

Aaron E. Glatt, MD, FACP, FIDSA, FSHEA President & Chief Medical Officer, Professor of Clinical Medicine New Island Hospital, Bethpage, NY 11714, USA

Harold S Solomon, MD, Assocýate lýnýcal Professor, Harvard Medýcal School, USA

Dr Giorgio MORTARA, Preident, IMA World Fellowship (AME), Italy

Dmitry Portnoy, M.D., Associate Professor, Anesthesiology, University of Texas, Galveston, USA Medical Director, Anesthesia Support Services

Janet Rubin MD, Professor of Medicine Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of North Carolina @ Chapel Hill USA

Myles Akabas, M.D., Ph.D.

Professor of Physiology and Biophysics, of Neuroscience and of Medicine Director, Medical Scientist Training Program Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University Bronx, NY 10461 USA

Professor Leon Bach, MB BS, PhD, FRACP Department of Medicine, Monash University Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne 3004, Australia

David Siegel MD, MPH, FACP, FAHA Chief of Medicne, VA Northern California Health Care System Professor and Vice Chair, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine University of California, Davis, USA

Joseph M. Merrick, Professor Emeritus State University of New York at Buffalo, Department of Microbiology School of Medicine and Biological Sciences Buffalo, New York,14221 USA

Dr. Guy R. Rosenschein, MD, FACS, Ass. Prof. (clin) UAMS. Springdale, AR 72765 USA

Robert H. Seller, MD, FACP, emeritus professor of Medicine and Family Medicine, Medical School of the State University of New York, USA

Kenneth H. Norwich MD, PhD, Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto, Canada

Pedram Bral, M.D. F.A.C.O.G Director of Minimally Invasive and Robotic Gynecological Surgery, Maimonides Medical Center, USA Dr. Gerhard Falk, Professor of Sociology, Buffalo, USA Michael Alper MD, Medical Director Boston IVF Associate Clinical Professor OBGYN, Harvard Medical School, Boston MA USA

Philip Lempert, MD, Ithaca, NY, USA

Stuart M. Sprague, D.O., Chief, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension Professor of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine Evanston Northwestern Healthcare, Evanston, Illinois 60201 USA

Joe Trager MD, Markham Ontario, Canada

Steven M. Albert, PhD, MSPH, Professor of Behavioral & Community Health Sciences Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261 USA

Roslyn Seligman, M.D. University of Cincinnati, USA

Dr. Gary Greenstein, MD, FACOG, ObGyn, USA Dr. Kenny Livingstone, Manchester Royal Infirmary, UK Edward H. Kaplan, Ph.D. William N. and Marie A. Beach Professor of Management Sciences Professor of Public Health, Professor of Engineering Yale School of Management, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8200 USA

Prof. Germán Sierra Paredes M.D., Ph.D., Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Medical School, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain David Barth MD FRCPC Clinical Hematology and Hematopathology Director Therapeutic Apheresis Program, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Canada

Gary B. Ostrower, Ph.D., Prof. of History, Alfred University, Alfred, NY USA

Dr Andrew Gal B.Sc.(Med.), M.B.BS., F.R.C.P.A. Sydney. Australia

Dr Gary Leber, FRACS, FRANZCO, FRCOphth, Senior Consultant Ophthalmologist, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, and Peter MacCallum Cancer Institute, Melbourne, Australia

Dr Neil Ginsberg MMed (Paeds) FRACP, Paediatrician, Sydney Australia

Eric Garver MD Bridgeport Ct. USA

George Flesh, MD, Assistant Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology Harvard Medical School, USA

Mr Eduard Pudel MBBS FRACS (ORL HNS), Dublin, Republic of Ireland

Selwyn Oskowitz; Assistant Professor, Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston. USA

Professor MB Pepys FRS FMedSci Head, Department of Medicine, Hampstead Campus Director, Centre for Amyloidosis & Acute Phase Proteins Royal Free & University College Medical School University College London, UK

Matthew Shuster MD Harvard Vanguard Medical Associates, West Roxbury, Massachusetts, USA

Dr. Ronnie Ptasznik MBBS FRANZCR Director of Ultrasound, Monash Medical Centre & Southern Health Honorary Senior Lecturer, Department of Medicine / Health Sciences Monash University, Australia

Dr Arnold Shmerling, General practitioner, Melbourne, Australia

Dr. Max Kupershmidt, Melbourne, Australia

Janio Szklaruk, Ph.D, M.D. Associate Professor of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, USA

Ayal Schaffer, MD, FRCPC Head, Mood Disorders Program Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry University of Toronto, ON, M4N 3M5, Canada

Dr Olivier Harari MA PhD MRCP Consultant Rheumatologist & Honorary Senior Lecurer Imperial College London Faculty of Medicine Hammersmith Hospital London W12 0HS UK Alan Naftalin FRCOG Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist Newham University Hospital NHS Trust, London, UK

Dr Annie CHALFINE, MD MPH, Head, Hospital Infection Control Unit, centre hospitalier Paris-Saint Joseph, Paris 75674, France

Alain J Gelibter, MD, Oncologist, Rome, Italy

Dr. Eli Kotler, cardiology, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia

DR Leon Slonim,7 Lempriere Ave, East St Kilda 3183 Australia

Dr Cecil Reid FRCP, FRCPath Consultant Haematologist, Northwick Park Hospital, Harrow, UK

Prof. Jean Claude GLUCKMAN Pierre et Marie Curie Medical School Paris, FRANCE

M.D Beatrice Sommerfeld, dermatolog Danavägen 7B, 18131 Lidingö, Sweden

Dr Adrian Dabscheck Palliative Care Consultant, Western Health, Melbourne Australia

Dr. Ronald Sweet, President of the Australian Jewish Medical Federation

Dr Stanislaw Rodau, Stockholm

Jonas Tovi, MD GP PhD Boo health care centre, Saltsjo-Boo, Sweden

Charles J. Hyman, MD, FAAP Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, LLU, Redlands, Ca., USA

Dr.Hugo Gold,FRACP,MRCP.,Chairman,Clinical Ethics Service,Chairman,Clinical Advisory Board,Royal Childrens Hospital,Melbourne,Australia

Dr Michael Rich, Dermatologist, Melbourne Australia

Prof Mike Dorevitch, Director of Medical Services, Bundoora Extended Care Centre, Melbourne AUSTRALIA

Michael J. Daly, M.D. Retired Nuclear Medicine/Internal Medicine Specialist 24130 S Newkirchner Rd Oregon City, OR, 97045 USA

Barry Blum, MD, Kailua-Kona, HI 96740, USA

Josh Szental, Medical Student, Monash University, Australia

David Lewis FRCSEd, MRCGP GP, Watford, UK

Dr Jeremy Rees is at University College London Hospital NHS Trust, UK

Dr Joanna Rees is at Chalkhill Health Centre, London, UK

Dr. Andrew Jakobovits. MBBS. MRCP.FRACP, Melbourne, Australia

Dr. Shay Zayontz, Orthopaedic Surgeon, Cabrini Medical Centre, Melbourne, Australia

Dr. Anna Davis, Consultant Radiologist, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia

Dr Daniel Lewis, Rheumatologist, Melbourne Australia

Dr Marcel Zimmet, Paediatric Registrar, Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Australia Joe l Freeman M.B.B.S. F.R.A.C.P. Consultant Paediatrician, Knox Hospital, Melbourne, Australia DR MICHAEL POLKE IMA; AUSTRALIAN JEWISH MEDICAL FEDERATION, ORTHOPAEDIC SURGEON

Michael P Ehrenhaus, MD, Director Cornea, External Disease & Refractive Surgery Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, USA

Dr Helen Fisher MBBS, Melbourne, Australia

Dr. Stephen Kleid MB,BS FRACS, Ear Nose & Throat / Head & Neck Surgeon Sino-Nasal & Rhinoplasty, Snoring Surgery, Masada Med Centre, Vic, AUSTRALIA 3183

Shonni J. Silverberg, M.D., Professor of Clinical Medicine Division of Endocrinology & Metabolism, Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons New York, NY 10032, USA

KENNETH A. ALTMAN M.D. J. D. INT.MED./GI. COLLEGE OF P. &S. COLUMBIA UNIV. NYC, USA Dr Darren Katz, (MBBS) Melbourne Australia Wallace B. Lehman M.D.F.A.C.S. Hospital for Joint Diseases Center for Children Director New York Ponseti Clubfoot Center Professor of Orthopedic Surgery NYU/HJD Medical Center New York,N.Y. 10003 USA Edward S. Linn, M.D. Chairman, Department of Ob/Gyn, Director, Women's Health Sevices Rush North Shore Medical Center, Skokie, Illinois, USA

Darryl Hoffman MD FRCS, Attending Cardiac Surgeon Beth Israel Medical Center, New York NY USA

Donna Shelley, MD, MPH Department Sociomedical Sciences, Columbia University Mailman School Public Health, New York, NY 10032, USA

Marvin Koss, M.D., D.F.A.P.A., Associate Professor, Dept. of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, SUNY Upstate Medical University, USA

Samuel F Berkovic, AM MD FAA FRACP Professor of Medicine (Neurology), University of Melbourne, Epilepsy Research Centre, Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital, Austin Health VIC 3081, Australia

Howard Trachtman MD, Schneider Children's Hospital, New Hyde Patk NY, USA

Avram R. Gold, MD, Associate Prof. of Medicine Medical Director, Stony Brook University Sleep Disorders Center Stony Brook, New York, USA

Adam Albert, Final year medical student, University of Manchester, UK

Linda Granowetter M.D. Columbia University Medical Center- New York New York Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York-Presbyterian Clinical Director Division of Pediatric Oncology, Medical Director Oncology-Hematology and Stem Cell, USA

Jill S. Menell, MD, Chief, Pediatric Hematology/Oncology St. Joseph's Children's Hospital, Paterson, NJ 07503 USA

Bryan D.Myers,MD,Professor o f Medicine(active emeritus) Stanford University, California,U.S.A.

Matthew Lorber M.D., SUNY Upstate University Hospital, Syracuse, USA

Edward M. Ornitz, M.D., Professor of Psychiatry Department of Psychiatry, Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles California, USA

Robert R. Goodman, M.D., Ph.D. Associate Professor, Department of Neurological Surgery Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons New York, N.Y. 10032 USA

Evan Shereck, MD, Pediatric Hematology/Oncology , Columbia University, USA

George J. Siegel, MD Emeritus Professor of Neurology and Cell Biology, Neurobiology & Anatomy, Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine, Chicago, IL Consulting Neurologist, Director of Multiple Sclerosis Clinic,Edward Hines, Jr.VA Hospital, Hines, IL Editor-in-Chief, Basic Neurochemistry

Charles J. Hyman, MD, FAAP, Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, LLU Redlands, Ca, USA Michael Wechsler M.D. F.A.C.S. Columbia University, Associate Professor of Clinical Urology, USA

Dr Simon Wiseman, General Practitioner, London UK

Dr Robin Woolfson MD FRCP Clinical Director for Nephrology & Transplantation, Royal Free Hospital, London, UK

Dr. Georgina Wechsler, 40474 Düsseldorf Germany

Eugene H. Kaplan, M.D., D.L.F.A.P.A. Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Neuropsychiatry & Behavioral Science U. of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC 29203 USA

Dr. Rimoczi, D-42489 Wülfrath, Germany

Perry Cooper MD FRCP(C), Dept. of Medical Imaging (Neuroradiology), Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre University of Toronto Canada Kathy L. Ales, MD, FACP Princeton, NJ, USA Dr Ruth Schneier, Australia Dr Zalman Rosenblum, Australia Carolyn Fein Levy, MD Attending, Pediatric Hematology/Oncology The Brooklyn Hospital Center Brooklyn, NY 11201 USA

Edith Diament Gurewitsch, M.D. Assistant Professor of Gynecology & Obstetrics Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine 600 North Wolfe Street, Phipps 217 Baltimore, Maryland 21287 USA

Prof. Dr. Peter Fritsch, chairman of the department of dermatology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Austria

Ass. Prof. Dr. Esther Fritsch, retired deputy chairman of the department of radio oncology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Austria

Dr. med. Alexander NASS Arzt für Neurologie und Psychiatrie, Psychotherapie; Dellbrücker Hauptstraße 90, 51069 Köln, Germany

Peter Enten MBBS, FRACGP, Melbourne, Australia

Dr.med.Maria Leuschner, Internist, Hepatologist, Psychotherapist, Herrnstr.51, 63605 Offenbach, Germany

Judith Livingston University of Leeds Medical Student, UK

Dr Romi Janovic, Melbourne Australia

Dr Michael Peters, GP- London, UK

Dr David Hoadley AJMF - NZ President General Practitioner Sen Lecturer, University of Auckland

Henri Goldstein Head of Department, M.D., D.Sc. President of the Federation of Danish-Jewish Physicians

Dr. med. Dipl. Psych. Alex Gillor, Childrens' Hospital of the city of Cologne, Pediatric Cardiology, Germany

Dr Wayne Lemish Director of Radiology, Freemason Medical Center, Melbourne, Australia

Arthur Safran M.D. Assistant Professor of Neurology Tufts University Chairman, Ethics and Grievance Committee Massachusetts Medical Society, USA

Nicholas J Naftalin OBE FRCOG Emeritus Consultant in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, London, UK

Hilary Livingston, Consultant Psychiatrist, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Paisley, Scotland

Sergio Seibel, MD, PhD. Psychiatrist. University of Sao Paulo – School of Medicine, Brazil. President of the Brazilian Chapter of IMA

Dr Zalman Rosenblum, Elsternwick Medical Centre, Melbourne Australia

Dr Ruth Schneier, Elsternwick Medical Centre, Melbourne Australia

Dr Adam Gordon MBBS FRACP, Australia

Dr Michelle Gordon MBBS FRACP, Australia

Dean H. Kedes, MD, PhD, Department of Medicine, University of Virginia, USA

Dr.Klara Reder-Shemaryahu, Germany

Gary Kupfer, Associate Professor, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA

Dr. Horst Sabiers, Surgeon, Municipal Hospital Cologne Germany Krankenhaus Holweide

Dr. Assaf ZELTZER, M.D., Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Belgium

Dr Martin Livingston MD FRCPsych Consultant Psychiatrist and Honorary Senior Clinical Lecturer, Department of Psychiatry, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow G51 4TF, United Kingdom

Prof Mois Bahar MD, Istanbul University, Cerrahpaþa Medical Faculty Chairman, Dept. Anaesthesiology & Intensive Care, Turkey

Dr. Claudio Cosman, CAAMI (Capitulo Argentino de la Asociacion Medica Israeli), Buenos Aires, Argentina

Lee B. Sacks, M.D. Executive Vice President, Chief Medical Officer

Wendy S. Rubinstein, MD, PhD, FACMG, FACP Medical Director Evanston Northwestern Healthcare Center for Medical Genetics Assistant Professor of Medicine Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, USA

Harold A. Kessler, M.D. Professor of Medicine and Immunology/Microbiology Associate Director, Section of Infectious Diseases Associate Dean, Post-Graduate Medical Education Director, Office of Continuing Medical Education Rush University Medical Center, USA

Vita J. Land, MD, MBA, USA

David Sales MD PhD FACG AGAF, USA

Richard J. Levy, M.D. , USA

Marc A. Rubenstein M.D. , USA

Larry Domont, M.D. , USA Frank Phillips Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery Rush University Medical Center Chicago, IL, USA

Ira Wolke, M.D., Ph.D. , USA

Richard A. Mintzer, M.D.,FACR, FCCP Clinical Professor of Radiology Northwestern Univ. Medical School President and CEO Medical Imaging of Northbrook Court, USA

Sami Weisberg, MD member, American Association of Pediatrics, USA

Raymond M Handler MD, USA

Arlene F Handler RN, USA

Matt Plofsky, MD, USA

Lawrence Feldman, M.D. , USA

Diane Mulvey Loewenstein MR1, J.D., MBA. , USA

Wayne M Goldstein MD, USA

Jay L. Goldstein, MD Professor of Medicine Vice Head for Clinical Affairs Department of Medicine University of Illinois at Chicago, USA

Dr. David J. Kushner, USA

Marla Mendleson Associate professor of Medicine and Pediatrics of the Northwestern
Feinberg School of Medicine, USA

Michael S. Pinzur, MD
Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Loyola University Medical Center, USA Joel B. Greenman, MD, USA

Sheri Ross MD, USA

MICHAEL GROSSMAN M.D. , USA

Riley Minster, MD FAAP Lake Shore Pediatrics, Lake Forest, IL, USA

Edward S. Linn, M.D. Chairman, Dept of Ob-Gyn Rush North Shore Medical Center, USA

Julian M. Joffe MD Ian Cohen MD FACC Illinois Heart and Vascular Chief of Cardiology – Weiss Memorial Hospital Asst Prof of Med – Rush University Medical Center, USA

Robert Perlmuter MD, Chicago USA

Laura Sanders M.D. , Chicago USA

Linda Goldstein M.D. , Chicago USA

Nelson Kanter, MD, Chicago USA

Bruce Greenspahn M.D., Chicago USA

Scott Greenspahn M.D. , Chicago USA

Daniel P. Mass MD, Chicago USA

Stuart W. Rosenbush MD, Chicago USA

Bruce Brockstein, MD, Chicago USA

Laurie Hochberg, M.D. , Chicago USA

Susan Sirota, Chicago USA

Jeffrey Kopin, M.D. , Chicago USA

Burton Herbstman, M.D., Chicago USA

Michael Davidson, M.D. , Chicago USA

Dr Karina Stolyarsky, Melbourne, Australia

Dr Elizabeth Segal, Melbourne, Australia

Naomi Vilko, MD Psychiatry and Psychopharmacology Vilko Corporate Consulting, USA

Sidney Goldfarb, MD Urology, USA

David A. Turner, MD, FACR Professor and Chairperson Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine Rush University Medical Center 1653 W. Congress Parkway Chicago, IL 60612 USA

William L. Cantor, MD FAAO-HNS Assistant Clinical Professor of Otolaryngology, New York Medical College Associate Director Medical Education, Pascack Valley Hospital, Westwood, NJ 07675 USA

David P. Rapaport, MD, FACS, Plastic Surgeon, Director, Park Avenue OBS, 580 Park Avenue, New York, NY, USA

Pincas Bitterman, MD Professor and Director of Gynecologic Pathology Department of Pathology and Obstetrics & Gynecology Rush University Medical Center Chicago, Il 60612, USA

Melvin Lopata, MD Professor of Medicine University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, USA

Ross A. Abrams, M.D. Chairman & Hendrickson Professor Dept. of Radiation Oncology Rush Univ. Medical Center Chicago, IL. USA

S Michael Fuhrman DO, Delmar NY USA

Robert Szigeti, M.D., Ph. D., Dr. med Sc., Senior Lecturer Karolinska Institute and Hospital Dept. of Pediatrics, Stockholm, Sweden

Nelson M Wolf, MD, FACC, FACP Prof of Medicine, Director Cardiac Catheterization Laboratories, Temple Univ Hosp. Phila., Pa, USA

Dr. Ron Spielman, Psychiatrist and Psychoanalyst Paddington, NSW, Australia

Ronald Barabas, MD Assistant Clinical Professor Drexel University College of Medicine

Dr Keith B. Shilkin, Clinical Professor of Pathology, University of Western Australia Consultant Pathologist

Dr Ben King, Senior House Officer/Clinical Research Fellow, Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Trust, UK Jay D. Luft M.D., Section Chief ENT Christiana Care Wilmington Delaware, USA

Stephen A. Pearlman, MD Fellowship Director,Neonatology,TJUH Associate Director, Neonatology, CCHS Director of Medical Education, Pediatrics, CCHS, USA

Owen B White Neurologist Royal Melbourne Hospital Department of Neurosciences PARKVILLE 3050 AUSTRALIA Dr.Gregory Belkin, Australia

Sonia Kurtz MD, MSc, University of Toronto Faculty, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

John A Eisman AO, MB BS, PhD, FRACP Professor of Medicine (Conjoint), University of New South Wales; Staff Endocrinologist, St Vincent's Hospital; and Director, Bone and Mineral Research Program, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Sydney, NSW 2010 Australia

Lawrence W. White MD 26 La Cuesta Greenbrae CA 94904 USA

Viktoria Viprinski ,specialist in Neurology, Psychiatry, Psychotheraphy, Cologne, Germany

Monica Feder, MD Specialist in Medical Rehabilitation Stockholm, Sweden

Refael Guggenheim, MD, Zurich, Switzerland, Israel Medical Association (Switzerland)

Willy Krauthammer, MD, Zurich, Switzerland, President Israel Medical Association (Switzerland)

Sheldon B. Stern, Psy.D. New York State Licensed Psychologist, USA

Ms. Carly Leff, student at Barnard College, USA

Dr Leslie R. Segal Senior Lecturer Department of General Practice Monash University Melbourne, Australia

Jeffrey A. Ascherman, M.D. Associate Professor of Clinical Surgery, Chief, Division of Plastic Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons

Dr Alexander Freitag FRACP Consultant Physician in Private Practice, Sydney, Australia

Michael S. Huckman, MD, FACR Prof. of Radiology, Dir. Of Neuroradiology Rush University Medical Center,Chicago,IL USA

Associate Professor Adam Jaffe BSc (Hons) MD FRCP FRCPCH FRACP Consultant in Respiratory Medicine Sydney Children's Hospital and Conjoint Appointee School of Women's and Children's Health University of New South Wales High Street, Randwick Sydney NSW 2031 Australia

Dr David Itzkowic Gynaecologist, Bondi Junction, 2022 Australia

Monty Shnier. ( MBbCh.DCh.R.C.&S. FR.C.PE.,F.R.A.C.P) Paediatrician, Sydney Australia.

Dr Gil Kleiner Ear nose and Throat specialist Marrickville Australia

Gabriel Zipser MB BS (Sydney), FRCS (Eng), FRCS (Ed), FRCOG, FRACOG

Dr Garry Schaffer MBBS,FRANZCR Radioloigist, Sydney, Australia

Dr Peter Kitchener MB BS FRANZCR Director, CityXRAY Sydney Australia

Ronald Barabas, MD Assistant Clinical Professor Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19129 USA

Dr David Huber FRACS, Director of Vascular Surgery, Wollongong Hospital, Wollongong, NSW Australia

Jeffrey A. Arons MD, New Haven, CT USA

Arthur L. Frank MD,PhD, Professor of Public Health, Drexel University School of Public Health, Philadelphia,PA USA

Stephen A Morris, M.D. Asst Clinical Professor of Surgery College of Human Medicine Michigan State University, Saginaw, Michigan, USA

Elliott Greene, MD Associate Professor of Anesthesiology Albany Medical College Albany, New York, USA

Gary S. Mintz, MD. Medical Director, Publications and Online Education, Cardiovascualr Research Foundation, New York, NY, and Editor-in -Chief, TCTMD.com, USA

Dr Jeffrey Chaitow M.B.B.Ch.,FRACP , Australia

Dr. Gerald Dorros, MD, DSc (yeshiva), DSc (Colby), FACC, FESC, FACP Medical Director Dorros-Feuer Interventional Cardiovascular Disease Foundation, Ltd Wilson, Wyoming USA

Stuart CHalew, M.D. Professor of Pediatrics LSUHSC New Orleans, LA USA Dr Hazel Goldberg, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick St George Hospital, Kogarah and Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, Australia

Erik Magid, retired MD. DMSCI. Copenhagen, Denmark

Alan Fine, M.D. Boston University, USA

Harold J. Bursztajn M.D. co-Founder Program in Psychiatry and the Law @BIDMC of the Psychiatry Department of Harvard Medical School, USA

Cory S. Goldberg MD, BSc, MASc, FRCS(C) Plastic Surgery Fellow Children's Hospital of Los Angeles University of Southern California, USA

Peter L. Carlen MD, FRCPC Professor Departments of Medicine (Neurology), Physiology, and IBBME University of Toronto, Canada

Ierachmiel Daskal M.D., PhD, FCAP, FASCP Professor and Chairman Department of pathology Albert Einstein Medical Center Philadelphia PA 19141 USA

A. Michael Lincoff, MD Vice Chairman for Research, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine Director, Cleveland Clinic Cardiovascular Coordinating Center Professor of Medicine Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University The Cleveland Clinic Foundation Cleveland, OH 44195 USA

Elazer R. Edelman, MD, PhD, FACC Director, Harvard-MIT Biomedical Engineering Center Thomas D. and Virginia W. Cabot Professor Health Sciences and Technology Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, USA

Hyam I. Levitsky, M.D. Professor of Oncology, Medicine, and Urology Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, USA

Mark B. Effron, MD, Indianapolis, IN, USA

Achi Ludomirsky, M.D. The Louis Larrick Ward Professor of Pediatrics and Biomedical Engineering Director, Division of Pediatric Cardiology Washington University School of Medicine St. Louis Children's Hospital, USA

Terry Unterman, MD Professor of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, USA

Edith Diament Gurewitsch, M.D. Assistant Professor of Gynecology & Obstetrics Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine 600 North Wolfe Street, Phipps 217 Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA

David M. Briscoe M.D., Associate Professor, Harvard Medical School. Childrens Hospital Boston, USA

Igor Ed Krichevsky M.D. Norwalk Hospital Norwalk, CT USA

Jose Biller, M.D., FACP, FAAN, FAHA Professor and Chairman Department of Neurology Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine Maywood, IL 60153 USA

David R. Musher, MD FACP, FACG Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine NYU School of Medicine New York, NY 10029 USA

Josh Korman MD, FACS Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor Stanford University, USA

Asher Schachter, MD, MMSc, MS Division of Nephrology, Children's Hospital Boston Children's Hospital Informatics Program at Harvard-MIT Health Sciences and Technology Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, USA

Dr El Bèze Yves, cardiologist, Paris; France

Michael J. Schneck, MD Associate Professor of Neurology and Neurosurgery Director, NICU Associate Director, Stroke Unit Loyola University Medical Center 2160 South First Avenue Maywood, IL, USA

Dr. Chaim Bernstein Associate Medical Director Chief Pulmonary and Critical Care Beth Israel Medical Center Kings Highway Division Brooklyn, New York, USA

Daniel Jacobs, M.D. Mountain View, California, USA

Michael A Binder, MD Tampa, FL, USA

Avron Daniller. MD. FRCS, England

David berman MD Sterling, VA, USA

Elliot S. Gershon, MD Foundations Fund Professor of Psychiatry and Human Genetics University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 USA

Professor Gabriel Danovitch Medical Director of Kidney Transplant Program David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, USA

Sorin Brener MD Associate Professor of Medicine Cleveland Clinic, USA

A.Stone Freedberg MD Professor of Medicine(Emeritus) Harvard Medical School,Harvard University Boston Mass.,USA

Edward R. Burns, M.D. Executive Dean Professor of Medicine and Pathology Albert Einstein College of Medicine Bronx, NY 10461 USA

Adam J . Rubinstein, MD Turnberry Plastic Surgery Board Certified, American Board of Plastic Surgery Member, American Society of Plastic Surgeons, USA

Ari Melmed, MD Vice Chirman, Department of Emergency Medicine Exempla St. Joseph Hospital Denver, Colorado, USA

Dean E. Brenner, M.D. Kutsche Family Memorial Professor of Internal Medicine Professor of Pharmacology 2150 Cancer and Geriatrics Center University of Michigan Medical Center 1500 E. Hospital Drive Ann Arbor, MI, USA

Neal Lakritz MD Massachusetts Medical Society, Delegate, USA

Dr. Michael E. Matlak Professor of Surgery and Pediatrics, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA

Dafna D. Gladman MD, FRCPC Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto Senior Scientist, Toronto Western Research Institute University Health Network, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Bettina L. Fliegel MD, FAAP Assistant Clinical Professor, Pediatrics, Mount Sinai Hospital New York, New York, USA

Emmanuel Messas MD PhD Paticien hospitalier-Cardiologue Pole cardiovasculaire-Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou INSERM U633, Faculté de médecine Paris Descartes, Paris 5 75015 Paris, France

Leslie J Klaff MD PhD Rainier Clinical Research Center Renton WA USA

Hadar J. Merhav MD Assistant Medical Director Liver Transplantation & Hepatobiliary Surgical Associates Affiliated with Memorial Hermann Hospital. Associate Professor of Surgery - University of Texas Houston, USA

Harvey L. Gordon, MD, FACS Clinical Professor of Urology and Medical Ethics Baylor College of Medicine Houston, TX, USA

Daniel Thau Teitelbaum, M.D. Associate Clinical Professor of Preventive Medicine University of Colorado Health Sciences Center at Denver Denver, Colorado Adjunct Professor of Environmental Sciences The Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado, USA

Pr Fabien Koskas Service de Chirurgie Vasculaire La Salpêtrière Paris France

Gor Levy-Reis, M.D. Neurologist Naples, Florida, USA

David J Zukor MD FRCSC Chief Department Orthopedic Surgery SMBD-Jewish General Hospital Associate Professor Surgery McGill University Montreal Canada

Giora Katz MD Urologist Manitowoc Wisconsin USA

Steven H. Cobb, M.D. Phoenix, Arizona USA

Arthur E. Cohen, MD, MS, MPH, ScD(hon) Keene State College, Keene, NH USA

Paul DeSandre, DO Attending Physician, Emergency Medicine Beth Israel Medical Center New York, NY

Dr John Gallo, Liverpool Hospital, Sydney, Australia

Ellis D. Avner, M.D. Director, Children's Research Institute Associate Dean for Research, Medical College of WI, USA

David P. Bick, M.D. Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin; Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA

Dr Jonathan Mushin, Melbourne, Australia

Dr.Lockie Milner, Professor of Pediatrics and Chief of Pediatric Nehrology, the Floating Hospital for Children, New England Medical Center,and Tufts UniversitySchool of Medicine ,Boston, Massachusetts, USA

David D. Gutterman, MD Northwestern Mutual Professor of Cardiology, Senior Associate Dean for Research, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA Irving "Jake" Jacoby, MD, USA

Pr Alain COHEN SOLAL French Faculty of Medicine Paris VII, France

Dr Chantal TANGER Vascular Diseases Doppler 75010 PARIS, France

Marvin Forland, MD, MACP Professor Emeritus Department of Medicine, Center for Medical Humanities and Ethics University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (Texas), USA

David de Vries, M.D., Pulmonologist. Harderwijk, The Netherlands

Mitchell J. Barrer, MD, Diplomate, American Board of Anesthesiology, Fellow of the American College of Anesthesiology, President, Grand View Anesthesia Associates. Sellersville, PA 18960 USA

Bernard G. Moffie MD, clinical microbiologist Vlietland Ziekenhuis Schiedam, The Netherlands

Jeffrey Kaufman MD, FACS President, American Association of Clinical Urologists Member, AMA and American College of Surgeons

Paige Applebaum Farkas M.D. Medical Director Comprehensive Dermatology and Laser Center Ridgewood, New Jersey, USA Jacques Blacher, Director of the cardiovascular unit of Hôtel-Dieu hospital of Paris, Paris, France Pr Francine Behar-Cohen, René Descartes University, Paris, France Mark Mausner MD Chief, Dept of Plastic Surgery, Suburban Hospital, Bethesda, Maryland, USA

Roy D. Altman, MD Professor of Medicine David Geffen School of Medicine At the University of California, Los Angeles Editor-in-Chief, /Osteoarthritis and Cartilage/ Editor, /Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism/ Past President: Osteoarthritis Research Society International Prior Delegate to the American Medical Association

Bernard S. Kaplan MD Professor of Pediatrics, Medicine and Urology The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA, USA

Juda Habot MD, FRCPC, Division of Cardiology, Southlake Regional Health Centre, Newmarket, Ontario, Canada

Jose Benchimol MD, Transplant Surgeon in Caracas, Venezuela. Member of the Jewish Association of Venezuela Robert M. Glueck, M.D., F.A.C.C. Executive Director, Carondelet Heart Institute, Kansas City, Missouri USA David Sapire M.D. Professor, Department Of Pediatrics Baylor College of Medicine Houston, Texas 77030 USA

Nachman Braurbar, M.D. Clinical Professor of Medicine University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine Los Angeles, CA USA

Gary Loren, M.D. Anesthesiologist New Jersey, USA

Barry Kogan, Chief, Division of Urology, Albany Medical College, USA

Lorne Rosenfield M.D. 1750 El Camino Real Burlingame Ca, USA

Brian W Berman MD Professor of Pediatrics Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Division Chief, General Academic Pediatrics Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital Cleveland, Ohio USA

Philip Frost M.D.Ph.D. President Calesca Pharmaceuticals Morristown,NJ, USA

Paige Kaplan M.B.B.Ch.(Witwatersrand) Professor of Mitochondrial and Metabolic Diseases Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, USA

Benjamin Fass, MD Pediatric Endocrinologist Kaiser Permanente 6041 Cadillac Ave Los Angeles, CA 90035, USA

Professor Rebecca S Mason Head, Physiology Associate Dean (Curriculum), Medicine, Chair, USyd Medical Program Committee University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia

Elizabeth B. Rappaport M.D. Associate Professor, Department Of Family And Community Medicine Thomas Jefferson University, USA

Avroy A Fanaroff MD Professor and Chair Department of Pediatrics Case Western Reserve University, USA

Norman M Magid, MD, FACC, FACP, Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine, New York Presbyterian Hospital-Cornell Medical Center, USA

Dr Anthony Levine Sydney NSW Australia

Leslie Schrieber MD FRACP Associate Professor of Medicine University of Sydney, Australia

Dr Jerome Edelstein, MD, FRCSC Plastic Surgeon Toronto, Canada

Dr. Nitsa Kohut 541 St. Germain Avenue Toronto, Ontario Canada

TARRAGANO Francois Interventional Cardiologist, American Hospital of Paris, Lariboisiere Public Hospital, France

Jeffrey A. Ascherman, M.D. Associate Professor of Clinical Surgery, Chief, Division of Plastic Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons, USA

Dr Morris Segel Family Medicine Sydney Australia

alec vahanian ,head of the cardiology department ,Bichat hospital ,Paris ,France

Les White MBBS FRACP DSc MRACMA MHA John Beveridge Professor of Paediatrics University of NSW & Executive Director Sydney Children's Hospital High Street, Randwick NSW 2031, Australia

Joseph Richter, MD Assistant Professor, Clinical Pediatrics College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, USA

Michael R. Rosen M.D. Gustavus A.Pfeiffer Professor of Pharmacology Professor of Pediatrics Director, Center for Molecular Therapeutics Columbia University, NY, USA

Dr.Fernand Hessel président de la Fondation de cardiologie Lucien Dreyfus 15 rue du Tivoli F 68100 Mulhouse, France

Dr Bradley Lewinsohn FY1 at the Royal London hospital, England

Dr H.H.Themans ENT Amsterdam Holland

Mr. Eric Chemla Consultant renal transplant and vascular surgeon St Georges Healthcare NHS trust Blackshaw Road London SW17, England

Dr. Barry F. Cohn Retired Anesthesiologist/Intensivist Leiden University Medical Center The Netherlands

William Schwartz, MD Attending Physician Good Samaritan Hopital Suffern, NY l0901 USA

Dr F. HAZIZA. Hopital Foch. France

Pamela Scheinman, MD Assistant Professor of Dermatology Director, Contact Dermatitis and Occupational Dermatology Unit Tufts-New England Medical Center Boston, MA 02111 USA

Igor J. Koralnik, MD Director, HIV/Neurology Center Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Associate Professor of Neurology Harvard Medical School

HARRY L. SERNAKER, M.D., Esq --Director: Mid Atlantic Medical Detox Foundation, Baltimore, MD, USA

Dr. H.C. Weinstein Afdeling Neurologie Sint Lucas Andreas Ziekenhuis Postbus 9243, 1006 AE Amsterdam, Holland Dr. Horst Sabiers D-50668 Köln (Cologne/Germany)

Michael S Lauer, MD, FACC, FAHA Professor of Medicine Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of CWRU Professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics Case Western Reserve University Contributing Editor, JAMA, USA

Riva Akerman MD, Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology, Pediatric Anesthesia Division, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, USA

Harley A. Rotbart, M.D. Professor and Vice Chairman of Pediatrics Professor of Microbiology Pediatric Infectious Diseases University of Colorado School of Medicine, USA

Rina Lazebnik Professor of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children’s Hospital Case Western Reserve University Cleveland Ohio, USA

David Schillinger, M.D. FACEP, USA

Andrew N. Pollak, MD Associate Professor and Head Division of Orthopaedic Trauma Associate Director of Trauma R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center University of Maryland School of Medicine Baltimore, MD 21201, USA

Dr. Adrian Flohr MVZ MEDPLUS, 47799 Krefeld, Germany

Steven R. Levine, M.D., Mount Sinai Medical Center, NY, NY, USA Joseph D. Rosenblatt M.D. Professor of Medicine , Microbiology and Immunology William Harrington Chair in Hematology Division Chief, Hematology Oncology Associate Director for Clinical and Translational Research, SCCC, USA

Salomon Kramer, D.O. General Surgeon, Texas, USA

Stephen Berman MD FAAP Professor of Pediatrics University of Colorado School of Medicine Past President American Academy of Pediatrics, USA

Nathan Rabinovitch MD. Associate Professor Department of Pediatrics Division of Allergy Immunology National Jewish Medical and Research Center 1400 Jackson Street, Denver, USA

Stuart S. Kesler, MD Clinical Assistant Department of Urology Hackensack University Medical Center Hackensack, NJ USA

Maurice Buchbinder M.D. Foundation for Cardiovascular Medicine, Scripps Memorial Hospital, LaJolla, California U.S.A

Professeur Bernard LOBEL, Pour le Président, Confederation des Associations Médicales Juives de France.

Marc Yudkoff, MD WT Grant Prof. of Pediatrics, Univ. of PA School of Medicine Chief, Div. of Child Development, Rehabilitation and Metabolic Disease Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA

Richard A. Spritz, M.D. Professor and Director, Human Medical Genetics Program University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center Aurora, CO 80045 USA

Charles Antzelevitch, PhD, FACC, FAHA, FHRS Executive Director/Director of Research, Gordon K. Moe Scholar Professor of Pharmacology, Masonic Medical Research Laboratory , Utica, NY 13501-1787, USA

Alicia McFarren M.D. Graduate of New York Medical College '07, future pediatric resident - Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA

Nachum Katlowitz M.D., N.Y., USA Lawrence Copelovitch MD, Renal Fellow, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, USA

Estelle Stetz-Marcus MD Hingham, Massachusetts, USA

M.Jeffrey Maisels MD Chairman Department of Pediatrics, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak MI 48073- 6769 USA

Baruch Krauss MD, EdM Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School Boston, Massachusetts 02115 USA

Boris Havkin M.D. Melbourne Internal medicine Associates. Melbourne, Florida, USA.

Paul M. Weinberg, M.D. Director, Fellowship Training Program in Pediatric Cardiology Professor of Pediatrics and Pediatric Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Associate Professor of Radiology at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, USA

Michael Schaffer, M.D. Professor of Pediatrics University of Colorado School of Medicine, USA

Claude A Brachfeld MD FACC Asst Clinical Professor of Vascular Surgery, University of Kansas Hutchinson Clinic Hutchinson KS 67502, USA

Haya R. Rubin, M.D., Ph.D. Adjunct Professor of Medicine Johns Hopkins University, USA

Ronald J. Sokol, MD Professor and Vice Chair of Pediatrics Chief, Section of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Program Director, Pediatric Clinical Translational Research Center (formerly GCRC) University of Colorado School of Medicine, The Children's Hospital, Denver, Colorado 80218 USA

Rich Klasco, MD, FACEP Senior VP, Medical Affairs & Editor-in-Chief Thomson Healthcare Greenwood Village, CO 80111-4740 USA Lori A. Lemberg, MD, Attending Physician--Jacobi Medical Center, Asst. Clinical Professor of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA Alfred D. Katz, M.D. 8631 W Third ST Los Angeles, Ca. 90048 USA

Isaac Teitelbaum, MD FACP Professor of Medicine Director, Acute and Home Dialysis Programs University of Colorado Hospital Denver, CO 80262 USA

Stanley H. Galansky, MD, Clinical Professor of Surgery and Pediatric Urology, University of Colorado School of Medicine and The Children’s Hospital, Denver, Colorado, USA

Michael Friedlander Professor of Medicine,conjoint University of New South Wales Director of Medical Oncology The Prince of Wales Hospital Randwick Sydney 2031 Australia

Gerald M. Weisfogel, MD, FACC, D,ABSM Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital New Brunswick, NJ. USA 08901

Mendel Tuchman M.D. Vice Chairman for Research Scientific Director, Children's Research Institute Professor of Pediatrics, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology Children's National Medical Center Washington DC 20010-2970 USA

Stanley Glazer, M.D. Secretary of the Maimonides Medical Club Springfield, Massachusetts 01107 U.S.A.

Ronald S. Nadel MD Springfield, Ma, USA

Steven M. Wenner, M.D., Springfield MA USA

Stanley Brosman MD Clinical Professor of Urology UCLA Center for the Health Sciences, USA

Ira H Monosson, MD Assistant Clinical Professor USC Keck School of Medicine UCLA Geffen School of Medicine, USA

Michael A. Rabovsky, M.D. Medical Director Beachwood Family Health & Surgery Center Cleveland Clinic Beachwood, OH, USA

Marlane C. Guttmann, MD Staff Radiologist Fox Chase Cancer Center Philadelphia, PA USA

Paul J. Grodan M.D. Assistant Clinical Professor Dept. of Internal Medicine Geffen-UCLA School of Medicine, USA

Neil Segall DO Thornton, CO USA

Michael A. Ozer, M.D. San Antonio, Texas, USA

Miriam Harel ,M.D. retired plastic surgeon, Newton MA, USA

Prof. Sidney Chocron, MD, PhD Member of STS - Member of EACTS Cardiothoracic surgery, Besancon, France

Isaac S. Kohane, MD, PhD Henderson Associate Professor of Health Sciences and Technology Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School Director, Countway Library of Medicine Director, HMS Center for Biomedical Informatics Boston, MA 02115 USA

Harvey Guttmann, MD Abington Memorial Hospital, Abington PA 19046, USA

Melvyn B. Schupack, MD, Walpole, NH, USA

J.Courant, MD, IMA-Nederlands

Arthur L. Levy MD Clinical Associate Professor, Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine and Medical Director of Medical Oncology in New Haven, Connecticut, USA

Brigitte Köder MD, Anesthesiologist Hagaziekenhuis Den Haag SN Den Haag, Netherlands

Don Gilden, MD Professor and Chairman Department of Neurology The University of Colorado School of Medicine Denver, Colorado, USA

Professor Ashley Grossman Dept. of Endocrinology St. Bartholomew's Hospital London EC1A 7BE Great Britain

Dr. Roman M. Skoblo, Bundesverband Jüdischer Ärzte und Psychologen, Deutschland

Shamir Tuchman, MD, MPH Fellow - Division of Pediatric Nephrology The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, USA

Silvio Sperber MD Interventional Cardiology Memorial Hospital of South Broward Hollywood, Florida, USA

S. Bert Litwin MD Childrens Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, USA

ALVIN MARKOVITZ MD,FACP,FACOEM FAADEP ASSOC CLINICAL PROF of MEDICINE UNIVERSITY of SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA LOS ANGELES CA. USA

David Muram, MD Professor Emeritus Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology University of Tennessee, Memphis, USA

Gary J. Alter, M.D. Assistant Clinical Professor of Plastic Surgery UCLA School of Medicine Beverly Hills, CA. USA

Michael B. Kastan, M.D., Ph.D. St. Jude Children's Research Hospital Memphis, TN USA

Robert peter gale md phd dsc (hon) facp Exec dir clinical research Celgene corp, Summit, NJ USA Visiting prof haematology Imperial College Hammersmith hospital, London, UK

Dr. Daniel Derman Clinical Instructor of Medicine Northwestern University of Medicine, USA

M.H.Melmed MD Gynecologist Englewood, Colorado, 80111, USA

Neal J Weinreb, MD, FACP Voluntary Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Miami School of Medicine University Research Foundation for Lysososomal Storage Diseases, Coral Springs, Florida, USA

Howard Trachtman MD Schneider Children's Hospital Division of Nephrology New Hyde Park NY USA

Leonard Knell M.D. retired Orthopedic surgeon – Canton, Ohio, USA

Dr.Mark Indig M.D., Germany

Professor Jack Sobel MD

Chief Division of Infectious Diseases

Wayne State University School of Medicine

Detroit Michigan USA

Harold P. Lehmann, MD PhD Associate Professor, Health Sciences Informatics Joint: Pediatrics, Health Policy and Management Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, MD USA

Glenn M. Lipton, MD, DABPM, FIPP, DABIPP Director, North American Interventional Pain Management, Arizona, USA

Professor J E Myers School of Public Health & Family Medicine Health Sciences Faculty University of Cape Town, S. Africa

Dan Yamini, MD, Diplomate of the American Board of Surgery and Plastic Surgery, Los Angeles, California, USA

Ran Neiger, MD Professor of Ob/Gyn Wright State University Dayton, Ohio, USA

Harold N. Fisher, BSc., MD, MCFP (EM), FACEP

Warren Grossman MD Orthopaedic Associates of South Broward Hollywood, Fl 33021 USA

Stephen Burgher, MD, FACEP Assistant Medical Director Department of Emergency Medicine Baylor University Medical Center Dallas, Texas 75246 USA

Robert L. Levine, M.D. Associate Professor Neurosurgery and Emergency Medicine The University of Texas School of Medicine at Houston, USA

Richard F. Grossman, M.D.

Attending Plastic Surgeon The Permanente Medical Group Walnut Creek, California, USA

D. Miller Wise, MD Attending Plastic Surgeon Dept Plastic Surgery Walnut Creek, CA 94596 USA William Silvers MD Greenwood Medical Center Englewood, CO 80111 United States of America

Peter Vadas MD, PhD, FRCPC, FACP Toronto, Canada

Marjorie Curtis-Cohen, MD CHOP Newborn Care at Holy Redeemr Hospital Meadowbrook, Pennsylvania, USA

Professor Stephen Davis Professor of Neurology University of Melbourne Royal Melbourne Hospital Parkville, Victoria Australia 3050

Philip D. Zinn, M.D. Cardiology Clinic of San Antonio, USA

Dudley Seth Danoff, MD, FACS Tower Urology Cedars Sinai Medical Center Los Angeles, Calif.,USA

Joseph R. Furman, MD San Antonio, Texas, USA

Daniel Fink MD Clinical Associate Professor Wayne State University School of Medicine Detroit, Michigan, USA

Irving Katz, M.D. Former Chief of Staff Peninsula Hospital, Burlingame, Ca 94010 USA

Michèle J. Saunders, D.M.D., M.S., M.P.H. – Professor, Division of Geriatrics and Gerontology, Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio USA

Kim Kwiatek M.D. , USA

Stephen Burgher, MD, FACEP Assistant Medical Director Department of Emergency Medicine Baylor University Medical Center Dallas, Texas 75246 USA

Dr George Hamor MB,BS,FRACP. Consultant Respiratory and Sleep Physician. Sydney, Australia.

Dr. Emma Guttman-Yassky, MD/MSc, Associate Attending Physician, Clinical Scholar, Investigative Dermatology, Rockefeller University, NY, USA and Department of Dermatology Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel

Dr Henry Pinskier Melbourne Australia Donald Motzkin, M.D. Woodland Hill, Ca 91364 USA Lorne Finkelstein M.D. F.R.C.P.(C) F.A.C.C. Cardiologist Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Barbara Schuster, MD, MACP Professor and Chair, Dept. of Internal Medicine Wright State University USA

Mark T. Buchman, M.D., M.Sc.(Orthopaedics), F.A.C.S. Member American Society for Surgery of the Hand Member American Association for Hand Surgery Member American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery

Payman Vahedifar, M.D. Nephrology and Hypertension Cedars-Sinai Medical Towers 8635 W. 3rd Street Suite 865-W Los Angeles, CA 90048 USA

Ronald M. Friedman, M.D. Former Chief of Plastic Surgery Parkland Memorial Hospital, Dallas, TX, USA

Elliot Weser, MD, FACP Emeritus Professor of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Texas USA Donald Motzkin, M.D. Woodland Hill, CA 91364 USA

Professor Mary Rudolf Consultant paediatrician and Professor of Child Health Leeds Primary Care Trust and University of Leeds Belmont House Leeds LS2 9DE USA

Michael Stern, MD Professor of Medicine University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio San Antonio, TX 78229-3900 USA

Lorne Finkelstein M.D. F.R.C.P.(C) F.A.C.C. Cardiologist Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Myriam Lipovsky, MD, PhD Utrecht/Zeist, the Netherlands

Dr. Daniel Kollek Associate Professor - Emergency Medicine, McMaster University Dundas, Ontario, Canada

Jack M. Bernstein, M.D., Professor of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, OH USA

Dr. David J. Katz , Attending in Charge and Director of Oral Diagnosis-New York Hospital, USA

David Sacerdoti Associate Professor of Internal Medicine University of Padova Italy

Roger G. Rosenstein, MD Paramus, New Jersey USA

Herman Charles Knoll, M.D. Internal Medicine Associate Professor, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio Good Samaritan Hospital Dayton Heart Hospital USA

Thomas Golper M.D. Vanderbil University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA

Sylvia Stein M.D. Vienna,Austria

Sidney Miller, MD FACS Professor of Surgery Director, The Ohio State University Burn Center the Ohio State University College of Medicine University Hospitals Department of Surgery Columbus, OH 43210 USA

Dr. med. Michael Schiffmann Facharzt für HNO-Krankheiten Plastische Operationen, Allergologie D-60322 Frankfurt Germany

Stephen L. Stern, M.D. Professor, Department of Psychiatry The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio USA

Mark H. Hyman, MD, FACP, FAADEP Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine, UCLA Los Angeles, CA 90025 USA

Richard J. Schuster,MD,MMM Oscar Boonshoft Chair and Director Center for Global Health Systems, Management, & Policy Boonshoft School of Medicine Wright State University Kettering, Ohio 45420 USA

Kenneth L. Zeitzer, M.D. Interim Chairman, Department of Radiation Oncology Albert Einstein Medical Center Philadelphia, PA, USA

Dr. Lyubka Tancheva, Ph.D., Assoc. Prof. in Pharmacology, Institute of Neurobiology, Dept. Experimental Psychopharmacology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Bulgaria

JP van Wouwe, MD PhD, pediatrician Member of the Pediatric Association of the Netherlands Overseas fellow of the Royal Society for Medicine (UK) Netherlands organization for applied scientific research Leiden, the Netherlands

Dr Fred Siegel ASPS, Chesapeake, VA USA

Gary M. Youra, Past Chief of Staff, Childrens Medical Center, Dayton, Ohio, USA

Marrick Kukin, M.D., FACC Director, Heart Failure Program St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospitals New York, New York 10019 USA

Dr. Ronit Zweig, PsyD, CBT, Psychologist, NY, USA

Dr. Emma Guttman-Yassky, MD/MSc, Associate Attending Physician, Clinical Scholar, Investigative Dermatology, Rockefeller University, NY, USA and Department of Dermatology Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel

DR. Benjamin C Cohney FRCS., FRACS.,FRCSE., FACS. Emeritus Surgeon Royal Perth Hospital, Perth Western Australia

Samuel R Bierstock, MD Delray Beach, Florida USA

Evelyn van Pinxteren/Nagler, paediatrician, Medical Centre Leeuwarden, Leeuwarden, the Netherlands

Robert Bloom M.D Medical director, Opthalmology, Children Medical Center, Dayton Ohio USA

Michael Bloom M.D, Medical director, Opthalmology, Children Medical Center, Dayton Ohio USA

Albert L. Amshel, M.D

Dr.Paul Kraus PhD.,specialist in Pediatrics The Netherlands

Kenneth T. Wals, MD Fellow, Retina Service UPMC Eye Center University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, PA USA

Donald Schon, MD, FACP Associate Clinical Prof. Medicine Univ. of Arizona School of Medicine Arizona Kidney Disease and Hypertension Ctr Phoenix, Arizona USA

Dr.Paul Kraus PhD; kinderarts The Netherlands

James G Schwade MD FACR FACRO Executive Director, Cyberknife Centers of Miami & Palm Beach Clinical Prof. of Radiation Oncology & Former Chairman, Dept. of Rad. Onc., UM Miller Sch. of Med. Adjunct Prof. of Biomedical Engineering, Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Florida International University USA

Marilyn J. Heine, MD, Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine and Emergency Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Carol E. Rose, M.D. Department of Anesthesiology UPMC - Presby Room C-204 Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA

Scot D. Paris, MD, FACS General Surgeon Pennsylvania, USA

Arlin J.Silberman, DO,Clinical Associate Professor of Psychiatry,Drexel University College of Medicine, Phila., Pa, USA

Daniel Navot MD Professor and Chief, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology New York Medical College USA

Dr Robert Luder Consultant Physician, North Middlesex University Hospital London UK Sanford H. Herman, MD Emergency Medicine Clarksville, TN USA

J Greenbaum MD FRCPC Assissant Professor of Medicine McMaster Medical School Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Newton D. Scherl, M.D. Chief Gastroenterology, Englewood Hospital, Englewood, NJ USA

Gary Berman,M.D. Clinical Assistant Professor Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care University of Minnesota Minneapolis, Minnesota USA

Lyndon E. Mansfield MD Director Western Sky Medical Research El Paso Texas 79902 USA

Leonard Cohen, M.D., Ph.D. West Hartford, CT 06107 USA

Gary N. Gross, MD Clinical Professor of Medicine University of Texas Southwestern Medical School Dallas, Texas USA

Herbert Blumer,md, Canada

Dr.Mair Nae, Turkey

Steven F. Weinstein, M.D. Clinical Professor, Department of Pediatrics University of California at Irvine, USA

Paul Shapero, M. D. Bangor, ME 04401 USA

Alan Wanderer, M.D.USA

Sheldon Spector, MD Clinical Prof of Medicine, USA

Samuel B. Lehrer, Ph.D. Professor of Medicine Tulane University New Orleans, LA 70112 USA

Jack M. Becker, MD Director of Allergy St. Christopher's Hospital for Children Associate Professor of Pediatrics Drexel University College of Medicine USA

Ronald Fields, MD Cardiologist, Langhorne, Pa, USA

Michael Z. Blumberg, M.D., MSHA Managing Partner and Director of Clinical Research Virginia Adult and Pediatric Allergy and Asthma Associate Clinical Professor of Pediatrics Virginia Commonwealth University, U.S.A

Jonathan D. Field, MD New York, NY USA

Donald W Aaronson MD JD MPH Executive Director Joint Council of Allergy Asthma and Immunology USA

GILBERT LANOFF M.D.

Lewis J Kanter,MD Director, Allergy Care Center, USA

Dr. Eugene I. Sacks Retired General Surgeon, Nashville, Tennessee USA

Antonio Piga M.D., Prof. of Forensic Medicine and Bioethics. Universidad de Alcalá (Madrid) Spain

Evan B. Dreyer, MD, PhD, FACS Assoc Professor, Harvard (retired).USA

Michael M. Frank, MD, Professor of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710 USA

I. Leonard Bernstein,M.D. Professor of Medicine University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati,Ohio, USA

Robert E. Braitman, M.D. F.A.A.P. Pediatric Associates of Norwood & Franklin, P.C., USA

Joel H. Selter, M.D., USA

Robert Goldman, MD, FAAAAI, FAAP Hudson Valley Asthma & Allergy Associates Croton-on-Hudson, NY 10520 USA

Phil Lieberman, M.D. Clinical Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics University of Tennesse - College of Medicine USA

Howard J. Schwartz, M.D. Clinical Professor of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio, USA

Joel Freeman M.B.B.S. F.R.A.C.P. Consultant Paediatrician Kenneth L. Zeitzer, M.D. Interim Chairman, Department of Radiation Oncology Albert Einstein Medical Center Philadelphia, PA, USA

Competing interests: None declared

Competing interests: None declared

Yoram Blachar, Prsident, Israeli Medical Association

Israeli Medical Association

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21 May 2007

Who calls? Who calls, calls N. L. Cohen from North-West London.

Some people may consider it the height of gall … but I was one doctor who made the call. I was called by the appalling plight of the Palestinian people. The horrific oppression of the Palestinians at the hands of the freedom loving democracies of Israel, the US and the EU called me like a siren song out of the black smog of war, out of the bleak war on terror.

Doctors are powerful moral and ethical representatives of their country and community. By seeking to divert world attention from the human rights abuses in the occupied territories, the Israeli Medical Association (IMA) has shamed the profession. All appeals to conscience are failing: naturally, I made the call. I am one of the original 130 doctors who called for the expulsion of the IMA from the WMA (World Medical Association).

As a non-Jew, I was privileged to study as a medical student in Israel many years ago – and I write from this calling, perspective and experience. My memories are vivid still: I slept on the beach by the Sea of Galilee, floated in the Dead Sea and snorkelled in the Red Sea. I was shocked by the vitriol of some young Jewish medical students and horrified by their virulent hatred towards the Palestinian Arabs. I stayed on a kibbutz on the Lebanese border near Qiryat Shemona, I climbed Masada, visited Nazareth, Bethlehem and the holy places of Jerusalem. I took advantage of the peace with Egypt brokered by Jimmy Carter at Camp David in 1978 and travelled through Gaza and on overland via Port Said to Cairo.

In 1980, I was impressed by the State of Israel and its astonishing achievements and had high hope of a peaceful future for all in the Middle East. Sadly, in the last quarter century, Israel has determinedly taken the wrong road to peace and failed at every step to act in good faith toward international law, international convention and the Palestinians. I now believe that the Zionist project has been a terrible mistake that threatens us all.

In the final paragraph to his book, ‘Palestine: peace not apartheid’, Jimmy Carter wrote,

“It will be a tragedy – for the Israelis, the Palestinians, and the world – if peace is rejected and a system of oppression, apartheid, and sustained violence is permitted to prevail.”

I call on Israeli doctors to act: the Israeli Medical Association has an important responsibility to help avert such a tragedy.

Competing interests: None declared

Competing interests: None declared

Mark Struthers, GP and prison medical officer

Bedfordshire, UK. mark.struthers@which.net

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21 May 2007

See Web site of Jews for Justice for Palestinians for a list of some ,whether they declare their status is irreevant

Competing interests: None declared

Competing interests: None declared

susanne mccabe, retired

cf5 6su

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The root cause of most of the breaches of medical ethics and the right to health in the Occupied Palestinian Territories is the occupation. Some people think that one should struggle against the human rights violations alone, while others think that one should rather struggle against its root cause: the occupation. PHR Israel believes that it is our role to do both: struggle for the end of occupation while at the same time - and for as long as Israel is the occupying power - struggle for the fullfilment, defence and respect of human rights, and the right to health in particular. 40 years of occupation and violence, should have been more then enought for Israelis to understand that there is - and never was - an enlightened occupation; that there is and never will be a chance for true peace without justice. We invite all Israeli doctors and medical professionals to join us in solidarity with our Palestinian colleagues.

Competing interests: executive director, PHR-Israel

Competing interests: None declared

Hadas Ziv, executive director

Israel

PHR Israel, 52 Golomb St. Tel Aviv 66171

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None of the responses you have published concerning the call for a boycott of the Israeli Medical Association (IMA) comes anywhere near to a rebutal of the reasons cited for that call. It might, just conceivably, be argued that all the evidence of unethical behaviour comes from biassed sources but even if that were to be so, it would not alter the truth of those facts. If there is another side to be presented then it remains unpresented in your correspondence, but crucially, even if some sort of excuse should be advanced, whatever it might be, this could not justify the failure of the IMA and the World Medical Association to accept their own ethical obligations: such responsibilities are shared by all national medical associations including the British Medical Association.

Competing interests: None declared

Competing interests: None declared

David Pegg, semi retired medical researcher

University of York

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For Dr Bradley to dismiss as “political agenda and bias” the mass of independent documentation supporting our charge of systematic and unchallenged violations of medical ethics in the Occupied Palestinian Territories is hardly in the spirit of evidence-based medicine. However, I will restrict my challenge to just one point, which is his claim that Palestinian suicide bombers hide in ambulances. This assertion- whether regarding suicide bombers or, more typically, armaments or explosives- is part of the mantra of arguments regularly made by correspondents at bmj.com in defence of Israeli behaviour towards medical facilities and personnel.

One such group who went to the trouble to examine the evidence was the Jewish American Medical Project. In 2004 Professor Alan Meyers of that group (since re-named) sent me their findings, which were of one documented incident only – in 2002 an explosive belt was found in an ambulance transporting a Palestinian child needing care. They noted that even this was a contested incident (1). They could find no evidence for any other such Geneva Convention transgressions, and indeed cited a broadranging review in the Jerusalem Post (not a newspaper customarily friendly to the Palestinian cause) which concluded similarly. (2)

Ironically, there were a number of reports in 2005 about the use by the Israeli Army of ambulances to move troops and weapons into operations against Palestine, including interviews with several reserve soldiers whose faces were blacked out to protect their identity. In one report Dr Rafi Waldman of Doctors for Human Rights was quoted as expressing his unease at this practice (3). One such account long since in the public domain (and undenied) was of the use of an ambulance to covertly transport Israeli soldiers in the operation that led to the capture of the political leader, Marwan Barghouti.

In a widely publicised event in October 2004, Israeli authorities showed footage of what they alleged were Palestinian militants loading a rocket launcher onto a UN ambulance. The UN responded with robust denials, eventually obliging the authorities to concede that the ambulance had been loading stretchers.

On several occasions I have challenged UK doctors who have made the same claim as Dr Bradley in the BMJ, asking them to cite their references. One or two responded, quoting the website of the Israeli Foreign Ministry – scarcely an independent source! So, BMJ readers can choose: on the one hand we have the Israeli Foreign Ministry, on the other international and regional human rights organisations.

As our collective letter (with UK medical signatories now near 150) makes clear, the Israeli Medical Association (IMA) has maintained a studied silence on the regular attacks on clearly marked Palestinian Red Crescent ambulances (hundreds of cases), and the unwarranted delays at army checkpoints, regardless of the nearness to death of the patients inside or of security conditions in the area (thousands of cases of such delay). Principled protest has been left to others, like the Israeli physicians of Physicians for Human Rights- whose letters to the IMA are not even answered- or the Red Cross (4) (5).

(1) JVPHealthand HumanRightsProject@googlegroups.com

(2) Derfner L. Bad medicine, bad war. Jerusalem Post, 8 Nov 2002, p6

(3) The Australian News, 30 March 2005.

(4) Phr.org.il

(5) International Committee of Red Cross. ICRC deplores increasing number of civilian casualties and lack of respect for medical mission. Press Release 06/93. 12 August 2006.

Competing interests: None declared

Competing interests: None declared

derek a summerfield, consultant psychiatrist/honorary senior lecturer

South London & Maudsley NHS Trust/Institute of Psychiatry

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This letter is written by the board of Physicians for Human Rights Israel (PHR-Israel) as a response to the discussion of the role of the Israeli Medical Association (IMA) regarding the occupation and Israel’s serious violations of human rights in general and of the right health in particular. Since PHR-Israel has not despaired of dialogue, we cannot support a boycott, but rather wish to use this opportunity to publicly address the World Medical Association (WMA) with a more basic question: Does the WMA and the IMA (or any other national medical association) take their role as leaders of the medical community seriously and not merely as trade unions? If so, they must also take the principles of medical ethics seriously. PHR-Israel believes that to be the inter/national medical leadership is a serious duty, and thus we have high expectations of it. This duty must be kept even in a society – like our own – who functions under extreme anxiety, in a reality of constant threat of violence and attacks on its civilians.

We therefore expect any national medical association to defend the right of everyone to life and health, and thus:

When receiving evidence of unethical conduct of doctors, we would expect them to speak in a clear voice and take action and not suffice in waiting for more conclusive evidence to be collected by others.

When faced with 40 years of occupation where Israelis enjoy one of the best medical systems in the world, while Palestinians can hardly access their de-developed system, we would expect them to fight not for humanitarian gestures, but for equality and access to Israeli healthcare as part of Israeli responsibility as an occupier. Particularly for medical services not available in Palestine.

When faced with shooting at ambulances, we would expect them to stand fast by their colleagues and not look for justifications (“ambulances carry arms”).

When faced with a system of more than 500 checkpoints and barriers obstructing movement of patients and medical teams, we would expect them to rebuke the system and not fight over the access of one patient, who was lucky enough to reach the awareness of the media.

When faced with denial of infrastructure and water as method of moving people from their lands, we would expect them to say: Enough, water is a right and cannot be conditioned on obedience to unlawful policy.

When infrastructure is destroyed during armed conflict, we would expect them to press their governments to rehabilitate it immediately.

When extreme poverty results from the deliberate destruction of the economic infrastructure, we would expect them to make their stand clear as to the dire results on Palestinians’ health and demand the end of this policy.

When faced with a humanitarian crisis, we would expect them to lead a struggle for changing the policy that causes it, at least regarding the health issues.

Presenting the positive actions of members of the Israeli medical community as if they (IMA) had initiated them, is unfair conduct. Presenting the granting of movement permits by the security system for patients to reach medical centers as a positive move, is to willfully misunderstand that the mere need for a permit is the problem. Even in times of conflicts, security arrangements must and can be provided to allow rapid passage of patients and medical teams.

The IMA’s uncompromising position for ethical conduct in the case of a Palestinian patient under threat of eviction from hospital is a light in a dark place and a good example of what we would expect from a national medical association.

In our region, as in others, conflict and violence endanger the lives of both peoples. This is a serious issue that demands a constant struggle. Silence is a luxury medical associations cannot afford.

All these expectations are grounded in numerous ethical guidelines, some of which are on the WMA website. We take them seriously. Do the WMA, IMA and other national medical associations do the same?

Competing interests: The authors are the board of PHR Israel, and its executive director. The board are also members of the Israeli medical community.

Competing interests: None declared

Dani Filc, chairperson PHR Israel

Hadas Ziv, (executive director, PHR Israel)

PHR Israel, 52 Golomb St. Tel aviv 63561 Israel

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The previous few responses add distortion to half-truth, creating a strange parallel reality which no-one taking a balanced and contextual view of the situation would recognise. The organisations who provided the facts referred to by respondents have a solid history of one-sidedness, political agenda and bias. They are far from being the reputable, objective agencies as claimed. Examples of this are simply too numerous to start listing in this forum but, just as a start, is there any mention at all by any of these fine bodies of the atrocities currently being perpetrated within Gaza amongst Palestinians? If not, the question has to be why not. Just for the record, the use of ambulances as a means of crossing borders by suicide bombers is well documented. Any mention of this salient issue in the reports behind this scurrilous and purely political demand for boycott? Of course if one chooses to ignore all such relevant documention by the Israeli authorities then problems such as this can be happily ignored, and voila, the Israeli demon starts to emerge half baked. I would urge the BMA to ignore this tiny but vocal group, some of whom may be well-intentioned but misinformed, others of whom are simply choosing to misuse their noble profession and position as a political axe.

Competing interests: I have lived in Israel and identify with its people.

Competing interests: None declared

B D Bradley, GP

North London

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Editor

The violation of Medical Ethics & human rights is a real concern. The evidence of this happening in the occupied Palestine is beyond doubt. The facts established by recognised humanitarian agencies (the UN, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, the Red Cross and so on) are indisputable[1] The siege that was put in place by 29 nations, including Israel, in March 2007 was another cruel and unlawful[2]. Barbara Swiriski (an Israeli doctor)documented the evidence of systematic discrimination against Palestinians in Israel[3]

None would dispute that members of the medical profession are responsible for safegaurding medical ethics & patients' rights. None can find a reason for the Israeli Medical Association (IMA) to justify its silence in relation to the sufferings of the Palestinians under the Israeli occupation. Without ethics the word doctor is meaningless. Without respect to human rights, life would be meaningless.

Political reasons do not justify violation of human rights and medical ethics. Medical ethics should not be limited to Academic Interest but to be the standards that members of the Medical profession adhere to. If Medical Ethics mean nothing to the Israeli Medical Association (IMA), It should mean a lot to BMA, WMA, WPA, AEP,..and all members of the medical profession. Hope I am not mistaken.

References:

1. Burns-Cox, C: The Factual Evidence Against The Israeli Medical Association. www.bmj.com/cgi. accessed on 8 May 2007

2. Halpin, D S:Looking from the side. www.bmj.com/cgi. accessed on 8 May 2007

3. Swiriki,B ; kanaaneh,H & Avgar,A: Healtcare in Israel. The Israel Equality Monitor. Issue(9)November,1998

Competing interests: None declared

Competing interests: None declared

Mamdouh EL-Adl, Consultant Psychiatrist

Princess Marina Hospital, Northampton, NN5 6UH, UK

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I'd like to provide some background information on the call by 130 (now nearly 140) UK doctors for a boycott of the Israeli Medical Association (IMA), published in the Guardian of 21 April and the subject of a news item by Owen Dyer in the BMJ of 29 April.

Owen Dyer quotes from a recent response from the IMA to the arguments for boycott made recently by the 18 leading Palestinian organisations in the health field we alluded to in our letter. I'm afraid the IMA response is empty rhetoric written for public relations purposes. A world away from these words are the decisions the IMA has taken with its eyes open over many years: it is on this account that the Israeli Physicians for Human Rights (PHRI), a principled and committed group,labelled the IMA in the Lancet as an arm of the Israeli establishment whose role it was to obscure the health-related realities of Israeli occupation. IMA President Blachar has taken this duty with him to the World Medical Association: his presence there-as Chair of Council no less-ensures that the WMA does nothing. True to form, I note that the WMA Secretary General has declined to comment on our letter-yet this is a matter that goes to the heart of their mandate as the world's official watchdog on medical ethics.

The charges against the IMA are broadly in 2 categories.

(1)TORTURE

Torture has been an instrument of stste policy in Israel for many years, and continues to this day. In 1996 Amnesty International concluded that Israeli doctors working with the security services "form part of a system in which detainees are tortured,ill-treated and humiliated in ways that place prison medical practice in conflict with medical ethics". Amnesty, and other organisations who approached the IMA to urge them to take a stand have been consistently rebuffed. This too has been my experience when I published articles in mainstream medical journals- notable the BMJ and the Lancet. In response to one of these, published in the Lancet, IMA President Blachar actually justified the use of “ moderate physical pressure”, the euphemism in Israel for torture: this does not happen every day in the pages of an international medical journal!

The moral and strategic line taken on torture by the IMA was well captured by a remark made by Professor Eran Dolev, then IMA Head of Ethics (yes, Ethics!) in an interview in 1999 with a visiting delegation from the Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture, London (for whom I was principal psychiatrist for 9 years). Prof Dolev stated that that “a couple of broken fingers” during the interrogation of Palestinians was worthwhile for the information it might garner. When I published this in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, verified by those present at the interview, Dr Blachar defended Prof Dolev.

2 years earlier I had written to the IMA after a human rights conference in Gaza, when an Israeli physician had told me that a medical colleague had confessed to her that he had removed the intravenous drip from the arm of a seriously ill Palestinian prisoner, and told the man that if he wanted to live, he should co-operate with his interrogators. I asked the IMA to investigate but they never replied, even after reminders.

(2) VIOLATIONS OF FOURTH GENEVA CONVENTION RELATING TO RIGHTS OF CIVILIAN POPULATIONS/HEALTH PROFESSIONALS AND SERVICES

When challenged in the BMJ or Lancet, the IMA continues to maintain that there are no medical ethical concerns arising out of the conduct of the Israeli army towards the Palestinian general population? After my BMJ review of 16 Oct 2004 on the impact on health and health services, the IMA President posted up a rapid response at bmj.com on 15 December thus: “ the lies and hatred he spews are reminiscent of some of the worst forms of anti-semitism ever espoused”.I suggest that readers look at the whole text of his response. He directs open contempt towards the mass of documentation in the public domain- from distinguished international agencies like Amnesty International (500 reports since 2000 on Israel/Palestine), Human Rights Watch, the Red Cross, UN Commission on Human Rights, Medecins Sans Frontieres, and regional ones like PHRI and B’Tselem in Israel, and Health, Development, Information, and Policy Institute in the Occupied West Bank. Here too we see the smear of anti- semitism, and indeed an indirect allusion to the Nazi period, used to silence legitimate criticism based on exhaustive and authoritative documentation.

Owen Dyer quotes the IMA as saying that they "were struck by the enormity of the lies and twisted assertions" we have made. An article in the Israeli newspaper Jerusalem Post of 2 days ago (by BMJ Israel correspondent Judy Siegel-Itzkovich) quotes President Blachar as saying that "this is another in the series of fantasies in which Mr Derek Summerfield lives". Is Amnesty International reporting fantasies?

Yet the Israeli Defence force (IDF) operates in a climate of near total impunity, with disproportionate force directed implacably towards the civilian population: over 4000 shot dead in the last 6 1/2 years, including around 850 children. These are truly shocking numbers, and ever growing. The testimonies of the ‘Breaking the Silence’ group of ex- soldiers attest to shoot-to-kill policies that give the lie to official mantras about minimising the risk to civilians. A veritable mass of documentation now confirms systematic and ongoing violations of the medical ethical sections of the Fourth Geneva Convention. There have been many deaths of seriously ill Palestinians, and of newborn infants, at army checkpoints because they were denied access to hospital. Palestinian health professionals have been shot dead or wounded on duty. Ambulance drivers on duty are interrogated, searched, threatened, humiliated and assaulted. Wounded men have been taken from ambulances at checkpoints and sent directly to prison, and on other occasions Israeli soldiers have commandeered ambulances as transport. On many occasions ambulances of the Palestinian Red Crescent society have been hit by IDF gunfire. On the 1st April 2004 the IDF fired missiles at Bethlehem psychiatric hospital, which had 250 patients and 75 staff present at the time. There was extensive damage and staff were arrested. Clearly identified medical clinics, including those run by the aid agency Medecins Sans Frontieres, have been hit by gunfire. The International Committee of the Red Cross and other aid agencies have at times been forced to limit their work in the West Bank because of threats to staff and attacks on vehicles by the IDF. There has been wilful hampering of the distribution of food aid, on which half a million people are now dependent. A study by Johns Hopkins and Al Quds Universities found that 20% of Palestinian children under 5 years old were anaemic and 22% malnourished. The IDF has also wilfully destroyed water supplies, electric power and other elements of the public health infrastructure. The continued building of the apartheid wall and fence has hugely damaged the coherence of the Palestinian health system.

Patients died in Gaza hospitals as a direct consequence of Israeli blockade of goods (including medical supplies) and of funds to pay public sector workers. - for example, because dialysis fluids or chemotherapeutic agents had run out. The Israeli doctors of Physicians for Human Rights Israel (PHRI) published a report on Gaza in late 2006- they quoted Jan Egeland, the UN Under Secretary-General for humanitarian Affairs as saying “there is no hope” in Gaza. Women and children present with palpable malnutrition. Barely supplied hospitals have been overwhelmed by casualties, many with terrible wounds, from Israeli bombing (nearly 300 dead, including 66 children, since June 2006- and poorly reported), and their morgues fill up with charcoaled and shredded bodies. There were interruptions of power supplies due to Israeli bombing and hospitals had to save their generators for operating theatres and emergency rooms only. Patients with medical problems for which there was no treatment in Gaza were “condemned to a slow death” (as the PHRI report put it) because they were blocked from seeking treatment in Egypt or Israel. Even people who were not initially critically ill died from blood loss after Israeli bombing because the movement of ambulances and medical staff required permission from the IDF- frequently denied or delayed.

It has been evident for several years that Palestinian medical staff on duty could not count on the immunity afforded them by the Fourth Geneva Convention. They too are targets.11 people were killed on June 13 2006 when 2 missiles were delivered from the air at a car. This included 2 paramedics who ran from a nearly medical facility to attend to the victims of the first missile and were killed by the second, which appears to have been fired despite a clear view of the scene. The Red Cross protested at a recent instance, on November 5, when 2 paramedics wearing “clearly marked fluorescent jackets” were shot dead when they got out of an ambulance (with siren and flashing lights) to evacuate wounded civilians.

Similar and persistent violations of the Fourth Geneva Convention have been widely reported following Israel’s attack and destruction of a neighbouring sovereign state, Lebanon, with over 1300 civilians murdered. Reportedly as many as one million cluster bombs, which are essentially anti-personnel devices aimed at civilians, were seeded in defiance of the Geneva Convention, as the UN has pointed out. Israel has now admitted that phosphorus containing weapons were used, also illegal against civilians, as they were in their 1982 invasion of Lebanon (the journalist Robert Fisk remembers seeing the bodies of 2 children re-igniting when taken out of the mortuary). Furthermore, the Secretary of the European Committee on Radiation Risk states that samples taken from blast sites suggest that uranium- based bombs may have been used as well. Hospitals were hit and UK newspapers carried photographs of a wrecked ambulance, with the point of entry of the missile at the very centre of the large red cross painted on the roof. I note a letter in the Lancet of September 2 2006 in which a physician in the Family Medicine Programme, American University of Beirut, describes his attempts to recruit colleagues to help staff a hospital several kilometres away. He reports that volunteers did not want to go in an ambulance “because such vehicles were targets”.

The IMA have been entirely and consistently silent about the medical ethical aspects of such events, as PHRI confirms. Indeed Hadas Ziv, current head of PHRI, tells me that the IMA no longer even replying to their letters of concern: it sounds as if the IMA is boycotting PHRI! Similar letters from PHRI to the WMA also go unanswered. What are they to infer from this?

Our call for boycott focuses on the IMA specifically, but we could further note that these grave matters have attracted very little condemnation from the medical profession in Israel (PHRI apart), with their academic bases in Israeli medical schools and research institutes. Many of these doctors have international academic connections, and unlike their Palestinian counterparts their movements are unhampered, their respectability and probity unchallenged. Why is this? Indeed Israeli medical campuses have maintained a studied silence about the tremendous harm done over many years to the capacity of their Palestinian counterparts to function normally: the restrictions, the prolonged closures, the damage to property, the campus incursions by the Israeli army, the arbitrary expulsions, the harrassment and shooting of students on their way to lectures. Because of the building of the Wall (declared illegal by the International Court of Justice in July 2004), which looms over the campus of Al-Quds medical school in Jerusalem, final clinical exams were disrupted and displaced because suitable patients could not reach the medical school, and in 2005 twelve graduates from Gaza were refused permits to attend the graduation ceremony.

It is hard to avoid the conclusion that with honourable exceptions most doctors and medical academics are in active or passive collusion with an aggressive colonisation, with the control and, increasingly, the frank crushing of every sector of Palestinian civil society, and with a self- justifying discourse that trades on a dehumanising contempt for Palestinian as people in a different moral universe.

So what are we to do? Firstly, repeated efforts to reach out to the IMA has been unavailing, as experience bears out unambiguously. Secondly, the WMA have refused to challenge the IMA; or even to acknowledge the problem. They seem unmoved by the mountain of material by Amnesty and others- how can this be? Indeed in a telephone conversation with me 3 years ago WMA Secretary General Delon Human defended the IMA. Thirdly, British doctors might expect some action from their own association, the BMA, whose International Committee deal with ethical matters, but they have hidden behind platitudes (“we believe in education”, as if the IMA had not had a clear-cut strategy over many years). The BMA has consistently declined to challenge the IMA record at the WMA and has stressed its collegiate relationship with the IMA.

We do not lightly call for an academic boycott but things have surely come to this. If not now, when? It was at a moment like this that calls went out (and there was considerable opposition then too) for the academic isolation of South Africa during the apartheid era. This rightly included a boycott of the medical profession for collusion of a very similar nature to what we see today in Israel. For instance, the Medical Association of South Africa was for a time suspended from membership of the WMA. On visits out there in recent years (I am South African born) I have heard it said more than once that the boycott played a distinct role in bringing the profession to its senses. As in South Africa, the Israeli medical profession, and the establishment generally, is sensitive to opinion in the Western world, not least from fellow doctors.

A boycott of the IMA (which is an institutional, not individual boycott)in an extreme situation is a moral and ethical imperative when all else has failed, for otherwise we are in effect turning away. It is not contrary to “academic freedom”, as some assert, but in its very spirit.I appeal for

colleagues to join us.

Derek Summerfield derek.summerfield@googlemail.com

Competing interests: None declared

Competing interests: None declared

derek a summerfield, consultant psychiatrist/honorary senior lecturer

South London & Maudsley NHS Trust/Institute of Psychiatry

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THIS WEEK'S POLL