Victory for women's rights in Kuwait reawakens hopeBMJ 2006; 333 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.333.7573.826 (Published 19 October 2006) Cite this as: BMJ 2006;333:826
For the past 26 years Lulwa Almulla has worked around the world and in her home country to promote the rights of women. She has camped with fellow campaigners outside the tents where male Kuwaiti politicians had gathered, determined to be allowed to take part in the discussions. And she has stood besides thousands of other women in the searing heat and humidity to demonstrate their commitment to voting rights.
Almulla's efforts finally paid off in May last year when Kuwaiti women were granted the right to vote and run for public office.
“I felt victorious that I had played a part in this historic moment. Use whatever words you need to explain that joy, she says.
Although Almulla helps to run the family business in real estate and investments, it is her volunteering work that motivates her. “I have my own office and job. But it [my work with the society and the suffrage movement in Kuwait] is my main interest. It takes all my life. But I love it, she said.
It is a paradox that Kuwait should have been one of the last countries in the Middle East to give women political rights. In many respects the country is one of the most advanced in the Persian Gulf. Kuwaiti women make up 70% of university students and 40% of the workforce. Women are present in all professional fields, including education, medicine, and journalism, as well as business and government.
But the work to promote women's rights does not end with winning the vote, says Almulla. The next step is to train women to become elected members of parliament and to take an active role in deciding the country's direction.
Almulla first became politically active at the Beirut College for Women at Kuwait University in 1968. Since 1991 she has been secretary general of the Women's Social and Cultural Society in Kuwait, an organisation set up in 1963 by some of Kuwait's first women university graduates. The society's aim is simple: to encourage women in all fields, from promoting their participation in community activities to increasing their awareness of their political and legal rights.
It is not unusual for a Kuwaiti woman to get to the position that she has been able to, says Almulla. She was brought up in what she calls “a relatively liberal Kuwaiti family.
Her father was the secretary of the government of Kuwait, a position next filled by her brother and later by her nephew. And her niece, Nabeela Almulla, is Kuwait's first woman ambassador, who represented Kuwait in the United Nations and is currently ambassador to Belgium.
“The environment I was brought up in was very conducive to building my political and social interests. I also had the opportunity to study in Beirut for two years during my college years, where there existed an extremely vibrant political environment that I became part of, she explains.
The society Almulla heads is funded partly by an annual grant from the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labour and partly through its own fundraising efforts. It runs projects in Kuwait and abroad.
Among its many activities in Kuwait the society has established the Al Amal (which means hope) club to pay for health care and treatment of people without national status, such as Bedouins, and non-Kuwaitis, who are not entitled to healthcare services under the country's health insurance system. It also helps Kuwaiti women who are married to non-Kuwaiti men overcome some of the problems they face because their rights to housing, education, and work are withdrawn.
The society is increasingly involved in health related activities. It runs a support group for people with cancer and provides funding for treatments not covered by Kuwait's health insurance programmes. It has another group to help women who have been in psychiatric hospitals re-enter society. It also runs campaigns to raise awareness about breast cancer and Kuwait's increasing problem of drug misuse.
Almulla takes great pride in listing some of the society's achievements throughout the Middle East and the wider region, including activities in Arab and non-Arab countries. It has helped refugees in Albania and assisted in building nine schools in Kosovo as well as providing aid to Palestinian refugee camps. More recently the society has provided a base at its headquarters for a number of nongovernmental organisations working in Iraq.
Among the many aims of the society listed in a brochure about its work is “emphasising the role of women and encouraging them to find their independence.
Almulla has said that progress made by women in other Middle Eastern countries fuelled her determination and that of other Kuwaiti activists to step up their fight for the right to vote (Washington Post, www.washingtonpost.com, 29 June 2005, “Kuwait's political tent makes room for women). She has no doubt that promoting women's rights in Kuwait and elsewhere in the Middle East has repercussions throughout the region.
“The victory of the struggle for women's rights in Kuwait is indeed a great achievement and one that gives hope to both Kuwaitis and to the people of the region, she said. “As far as Kuwait is concerned, the gaining of the rights at this time in history has contributed to the reawakening of hope that progress, and more precisely, liberal and democratic progress, is possible, after many years through which the country has sunk into increased religious fanaticism, corruption, and the curtailing of the people's democratic and constitutional rights.
“This hope is naturally extended to other liberal forces in the region. Thus, reaping the fruits of our struggle is a boost to these forces and an encouragement to their struggles, as they see light of progress in a society within their region.