Centenary of first successful human transplant

BMJ 2005; 331 doi: (Published 13 October 2005) Cite this as: BMJ 2005;331:891
  1. Martin Terplan (, clinical professor of medicine
  1. University of California, San Francisco, USA

    This year, 7 December will mark the 100th anniversary of the first successful human transplantation. On that day Eduard Zirm (1863-1944), a Viennese born and trained ophthalmologist, performed bilateral corneal transplants in what was then Olmuetz, Austria-Hungary (today's Olomuoc in the Czech Republic). The patient was a 43 year old labourer who had been blinded three months earlier when some lye he was slacking squirted into his eyes. By December, his corneas were completely opaque. The donor cornea …

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