Randomised controlled trial of intravenous antibiotic treatment for cellulitis at home compared with hospital

Paul Corwin, Les Toop, Graham McGeoch, Martin Than, Simon Wynn-Thomas, J Elisabeth Wells, Robin Dawson, Paul Abernethy, Alan Pithie, Stephen Chambers, Lynn Fletcher, Dee Richards
Table 1

Characteristics of patients at baseline. Values are percentages (numbers) of patients unless otherwise indicated

VariableHome care (n=98)Hospital care (n=96)
Age in years (SD)54.6 (20.6)48.4 (19.0)
Age range in years16-9419-92
Male sex61 (62)70 (73)
Ethnicity:
European77 (79)78 (81)
Maori10 (10)5 (5)
Pacific2 (2)1 (1)
Other9 (9)13 (12)
High use health card*12 (12.6)6 (6.4)
Community service card52 (53)35 (37)
Highest educational level:
Primary9 (9.4)5 (5.2)
Secondary52 (53.1)61 (63.5)
Post-secondary36 (37.5)30 (31.3)
Previous oral antibiotic for this episode71 (72)74 (77)
Site of infection:
Lower limb80 (82)72 (75)
Upper limb16 (16)22 (23)
Other2 (2)2 (2)
Intravenous antibiotic used:
Cephazolin98 (100)53 (55)
Flucloxacillin[28 (29)
Other15 (16)
  • *These patients attract a subsidy for general practitioners' visits as they have been to their general practitioner at least 12 times in the past year.

  • †One patient missing.