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Mass dose of antibiotic reduced prevalence of trachoma for two years

BMJ 2004; 329 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.329.7474.1065 (Published 04 November 2004) Cite this as: BMJ 2004;329:1065
  1. Scott Gottlieb
  1. New York

    The prevalence and intensity of trachoma infection, a leading cause of blindness in the developing world in the developing world, fell considerably and remained low for two years after mass treatment of a population in Tanzania with a single round of azithromycin, followed by periodic use of tetracycline eye ointment for those with persistent disease.

    Trachoma infection is a chronic keratoconjunctivitis caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis. When the active infection resolves, there is often scarring of the conjunctivae. Over many years, contraction of upper-lid scars that result from this …

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