Warming diptheria-tetanus vaccines doesn't reduce painBMJ 2003; 327 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.327.7414.0-f (Published 04 September 2003) Cite this as: BMJ 2003;327:0-f
Question Does warming diphtheria-tetanus vaccine reduce the discomfort of the injection?
Synopsis Many healthcare providers warm the phials containing diphtheria-tetanus vaccine before injection to reduce pain and side effects. A convenience sample of 150 patients aged 16 years or older cared for in an emergency department who required a diphtheria-tetanus booster vaccination was identified. Subjects were randomly assigned in a double blind fashion (concealed allocation assignment) to …
Log in using your username and password
Log in through your institution
Register for a free trial to thebmj.com to receive unlimited access to all content on thebmj.com for 14 days.
Sign up for a free trial