Filler One hundred years ago

Congresses and the confusion of tongues

BMJ 2002; 325 doi: (Published 20 July 2002) Cite this as: BMJ 2002;325:125

In order that Italy may not find itself in the position of taking part in congresses in which Italian is not recognized as one of the official languages on the same footing as those of the other great nations, Signor Alfredo Baccelli, Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, has given instructions to the diplomatic and consular agents of Italy in foreign countries that whenever such invitations are addressed to them they are to reply that Italy, unless there be invincible and exceptional reasons to the contrary, will abstain from taking any official part in congresses in which the use of other languages (with the exception of French) is permitted, while Italian is excluded. (BMJ 1902;ii:147)

View Abstract

Sign in

Log in through your institution

Free trial

Register for a free trial to to receive unlimited access to all content on for 14 days.
Sign up for a free trial