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American Surgery, An Illustrated History

BMJ 1999; 318 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.318.7190.1082a (Published 17 April 1999) Cite this as: BMJ 1999;318:1082

This article has a correction. Please see:

  1. William Stoney, professor of cardiothoracic surgery
  1. Vanderbilt Medical Center, Nashville TN, USA

    Ira M Rutkow

    Lippincott Williams and Wilkins,£52.93, pp 656


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    ISBN 0 316 76352 7

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    When you think about it, much of surgical teaching is based on history, particularly teaching done in the operating room. Surgical residents learn early in their training that it is not necessary to repeat mistakes made in the past, and that every useful operation has evolved through a process of trial and error. The concept of standing on the shoulders of giants is not lost on the present generation of surgeons. When asked …

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