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Trends in smoking during pregnancy in England, 1992-7: quota sampling surveys

BMJ 1998; 317 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.317.7160.728 (Published 12 September 1998) Cite this as: BMJ 1998;317:728
  1. Lesley Owen ([email protected]), senior research manager,
  2. Ann McNeill, strategic research adviser,
  3. Christine Callum, statistician
  1. Health Education Authority, Trevelyan House, London SW1P 2HW
  1. Correspondence to: Dr Owen
  • Accepted 2 June 1998

The dangers of smoking during pregnancy are widely established.1 The Health of the Nation set the following target: “In addition to the overall reduction in [smoking] prevalence, at least a third of women smokers to stop smoking at the start of their pregnancy by the year 2000.”2 As part of a smoking and pregnancy initiative, the Health Education Authority for England carried out a series of annual surveys of pregnant women starting in 1992 to measure knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour in relation to smoking during pregnancy.

Subjects, methods, and results

Seven surveys of pregnant women have been carried out. Two surveys were carried out in 1992 before and immediately after press advertising aimed at reducing smoking in pregnancy. All subsequent surveys followed similar press advertising carried out annually in March. Sample sizes from 1992 to 1997 were 625, 606, 526, 1039, 1002, 1004, and 1018, the increase in later years …

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