Children in the mountains

BMJ 1998; 316 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.316.7135.874 (Published 21 March 1998) Cite this as: BMJ 1998;316:874

High mountain trekking holidays are best avoided for the very young.

  1. Andrew J Pollard, Action Research fellow in paediatrics,
  2. David R Murdoch, Senior registrar in infectious diseases,
  3. Peter Bärtsch, Professor of sports medicine
  1. Department of Paediatrics Infectious Diseases, St Mary's Hospital, London W2 1NY
  2. Christchurch Hospital, Christchurch, New Zealand
  3. University Clinic of Medicine, Heidelberg, Germany

    Editorial p 873

    High altitude areas of the world were once visited only by a privileged minority. Now the great mountain ranges have become popular tourist destinations. An increasing number of children accompany their parents on such journeys, but little consideration has been paid to the potential risks of exposing young children to high altitudes. We are aware of ascents in Nepal where infants have been carried to over 6000 m on mountains requiring technical snow mountaineering expertise.

    About half the adult tourists on the popular trekking routes in Nepal develop acute mountain sickness,1-3 a disorder characterised by headache, nausea, vomiting, anorexia, fatigue, dizziness, and sleep disturbance that is particularly common above 2500 m, especially when ascent is rapid.4 Although acute mountain sickness is generally benign, it may progress to life threatening high altitude cerebral or pulmonary oedema. Little information exists about altitude illness in children. Wu studied 464 children travelling across the Tibetan plateau at 4550 m and found incidences of acute mountain sickness and high …

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