Postmenopausal cystitis

BMJ 1996; 313 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.313.7050.129 (Published 20 July 1996) Cite this as: BMJ 1996;313:129
  1. Linda Cardozo
  1. Professor of urogynaecology 8 Devonshire Place, London W1N 1PB

    Urinary problems, including infection, are common and distressing in older women

    Recurrent lower urinary tract infections are common after the menopause and occur in more than 10% of women over the age of 60.1 A rise in vaginal pH promotes an alteration in the normal vaginal flora, with decreased lactobacilli leading to increased colonisation by pathogenic faecal flora. This increases the incidence of urinary tract infections, especially in sexually active women. Oestrogen deficiency also results in generalised urogenital atrophy, and postmenopausal women are therefore at increased risk not only of recurrent urinary tract infections but also of dyspareunia, vaginal irritation, pruritus, pain, and symptoms of urgency, frequency, dysuria, and urinary incontinence.2

    Unfortunately, urogenital atrophy …

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