A PAPER THAT CHANGED MY PRACTICEBMJ 1995; 311 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.311.7011.994 (Published 14 October 1995) Cite this as: BMJ 1995;311:994
- Wayne Lewis
Light in the darkness
The article which has had the biggest effect on me was the review of medical ethics, “Four principles plus attention to scope,” by Raanan Gillon.1 This offers a system for considering ethical issues without specifying which answers the thinker should come to.
Its basis is that there are four fundamental ethical principles shared by people of widely differing cultural backgrounds: autonomy, the right of individuals to make choices about their own lives; beneficence, the desire to do good; non-maleficence, the …