Labour and birth in water

BMJ 1995; 311 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.311.7001.390a (Published 05 August 1995) Cite this as: BMJ 1995;311:390
  1. Rami Atalla,
  2. Judith Weaver
  1. Registrar in obstetrics and gynaecology Consultant in obstetrics and gynaecology Department of Obstetrics, Birmingham Maternity Hospital, Birmingham B15 2TL

    Safety has yet to be determined

    EDITOR,--The recent survey by Fiona Alderdice and colleagues of labour and birth in water in England and Wales shows that once again a new form of intrapartum care has been introduced without adequate assessment.1

    The survey was based on data collected through a short postal questionnaire and telephone interviews without any validation. The retrospective nature of the survey led to a high incidence of “good” …

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